Roman Art: Early Empire Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Roman Art: Early Empire Deck (15):
1

Roman Art: Early Empire

27 B.C. - A.D. 96

2

Augustus' Rule

31 B.C. - A.D. 14

3

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Primaporta Augustus

Roman Art: Early Empire (27 B.C. - A.D. 96)

  • portrayed young/idealistically
  • cupid/eros riding dolphin represents lineage of Aphrodite/Venus
  • Sculptured breastplate: personification of sky, sun, earth, Diana on stag, Apollo on griffin

4

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Portrait of Livia

Roman Art: Early Empire (27 B.C. - A.D. 96)

  • Conservative hairstyle
  • also perpetual youth

5

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Augustus wearing Corona Civica

Roman Art: Early Empire (27 B.C. - A.D. 96)

 

6

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Ara Pacis

Roman Art: Early Empire (27 B.C. - A.D. 96)

  • NOT frontal
  • figures in procession related to Augustus (dynastic) - similar to parthenon frieze
  • figures are realistic and proportional

7

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Maison Carrée

at Nimes, France

Roman Art: Early Empire (27 B.C. - A.D. 96)

  • Very characteristic of roman temples
  • high podium, frontal, engages columns around, corinthian capitals, hexatyle porch
  • best preserved augustan building

8

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Pont du Gard

Roman Art: Early Empire (27 B.C. - A.D. 96)

Roman aqueduct bridge

9

Claudius and Nero

A.D. 41 - 68

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Porta Maggiore

in Rome

Roman Art: Early Empire (27 B.C. - A.D. 96)

  • Rustication

11

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Domus Aurea (Golden House of Nero)

in Rome

Roman Art: Early Empire (27  B.C. - A.D. 96)

  • Severus and Celer = architects
  • TURNING POINT IN ROMAN ARCHITECTURE
  • Roman concrete allows for design curves
  • Plan centered around an octagon
  • Vault-haunch clerestory lighting: oculus allowed light to come in and also around back of vault
  • experimentation

12

Vespasian and His Family (The Flavians)

A.D. 69-96

13

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Portrait of Vespasian (Titus Flavius Vespasianus)

Roman Art: Early Empire (27 B.C. - A.D. 96)

  • Was a general
  • first emperor or "princeps" of Flavians
  • Not idealized, down to earth
  • resembles portraits of old Roman Republic

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Portrait of Flavian Lady

Roman Art: Early Empire (27 B.C. - A.D. 96)

  • front part is hair piece, back is real hair
  • portrayed young
  • not conservative like livia
  • interest in light and dark in sculpture - characteristic of flavian sculpture

15

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Arch of Titus

in Rome

Roman Art: Early Empire (27 B.C. - A.D. 96)

  • Triumphal arch - celebrates procession after supressing jewish revolt
  • 2 piers and arch
  • columns w/ architrave, frieze, cornice
  • attic story (top part), inscription to vespasian and titus
  • Procession in high relief, move through space same way as people