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Flashcards in Pompeii And Roman Painting Deck (21):


Destroyed by Vesuvius in A.D. 79


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Forum at Pompeii

Destoryed in A.D. 79

  • Was the political (civic), religious, and economic center of the city
  • Romans found an irregular place and made it regular
  • Basillica (NOT A CHURCH) at one end.


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Amphitheater at Pompeii

ca. 80 BC

  • smaller than colosseum
  • high parapet, arena dug into earth


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Brawl in the Amphitheater

ca. A.D. 60-79

in the Amphitheater at Pompeii

  • Conceptual view - not completely faithful to portrayed structures


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Atrium of House of the Vettii


  • Atrium - center room, rectangular hole in roof where rain flowed into pool at center and drained into water cisterns.


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Plan of Roman House


  • Geometric plan with entryway, atrium, covicula (bedrooms), open space (wings), reception room, and courtyard with garden and colonades.


Roman Painting: First Style

2nd century to early 1st century

  • Looks like Ashlar Masonry, but is just plaster on rubble wall


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Samnite House

at Herculaneum

Roman Painting: First Style (2nd century to early 1st century BC)


Roman Painting: Second Style

ca. 100 B.C. - 15 B.C.

  • much more elaborate than first style
  • lots of layers and depth
  • all about illusionistic depth
  • Megalographia - "big painting"


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Villa of Publius Fannius Synistor

at Boscoreale, near Pompeii

Roman Painting: Second Style (ca. 100 B.C. - 15 B.C.)

  • columns used to portray perspective
  • Tholos indicates sacred precinctds


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Villa of Livia

at Prima Porta, near Rome

Roman Painting: Second Style (ca. 100 - 15 B.C.)

  • uses plants to portray depth (instead of architecture)
  • completely surrounded by garden sancutary
  • Organized, ordered, calm, beautiful, perfect
  • Atmospheric Perspective - painting gets progressively blurrier and bluer the further away to portray depth.


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Villa of the Mysteries

at Pompeii

Roman Painting: Second Style (ca. 100-15 B.C.)

  • Figural image with people
  • Megalographia
  • Commonly thought of as mysteries ritual, but not likely as rites were secret
  • could be myth of Ariadne


Roman Painting: Third Style

(ca. 15 B.C. - A.D. 60)

  • Characterized by large areas of solid color, spindly architecture, ornamental detail, small images
  • very dreamlike


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Villa of Agrippa Postumus

at Boscotrecase, near Pompeii

Roman Painting: Third Style (ca. 15 B.C. - A.D. 60)

  • Very small depiction of rural sanctuary in center
  • moonlit, peaceful, ideal, people are "sketchy" and not detailed
  • feeling of floating in space, very dreamlike


Roman Painting: Fourth Style

ca. A.D. 60 - 79

  • mix between 2nd and 3rd styles
  • open slots in solid space
  • theatrical


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Fresco from Domus Aurea

at Rome

Roman Painting: Fourth Style (A.D. 60-79)


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Fresco from House of the Vettii

at Pompeii

Roman Painting: Fourth Style (ca. A.D. 60-79)

  • myth of Ixion at end of room
  • 2 side-wall paintings, parts of same long myth
  • people in the architecture


Roman Painting: Still life, portraits, and wall mosaics

1st century A.D.


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Still life with peaches and glass container

from Herculaneum

Roman Painting: Still Life (1st Century A.D.)

  • Human element


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Portrait of husband and wife

from Pompeii

Roman Painting: Portraits (1st century A.D.)


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Neptune and Amphitrite

from Herculaneum

Roman Painting: Wall mosaics (1st century A.D.)