Roman Art: The Second Century A.D. Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Roman Art: The Second Century A.D. Deck (20):
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Roman Art: The Second Century A.D.

Second Century A.D.

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Trajan

A.D. 98-117

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Timgad, Algeria

Roman Art: Second Century A.D.

  • Orthagonal plan, based on Castrum - roman fort
  • Cardo: Vertical center street
  • Decumanus: Horizontal center street

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Forum of Trajan

Roman Art: 2nd Century A.D.

  • lots of architectural innovation/refining
  • increased focus on interior
  • monumental entrance emulating victory arches

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Markets of Trajan

at Rome - built by Apollodorus of Damascus

Roman Art: 2nd Century A.D.

  • Built onto hill
  • exterior use of brick

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Column of Trajan

from Forum of Trajan, Rome

Roman Art: 2nd Century A.D.

  • also Trajan's tomb (was weird to bury dead in city)
  • Victory column, describes war between Romans and Dacians, but might not be chronological
  • relief style
  • Constructed of series of marble drums
  • used to have bird statue, now has st. peter

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Arch of Trajan

at Benevento, Italy

  • Alimenta relief - similar to Ara Pacis relief
  • not a victory arch, commemorates domestic plan
  • says built in AD 114, but depicts Hadrian (118)

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Hadrian

A.D. 117-138

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Portrait of Hadrian

from Rome

Roman Art: 2nd Century A.D.

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The Pantheon

at Rome

Roman Art: 2nd Century

  • Large interior, emphasis on interior
  • converted to a church at one point, returned to original design

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Hadrian's Villa

at Tivoli

Roman Art: 2nd Century A.D.

  • inspired by Canopus and Serapeum in Egypt
  • long pool with fountain, lots of statues, caryatids from Acropolis, pumpkin dome
  • Hadrian most likely designed part himself
  • lintels and arcuate lintels

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Al-Khazneh "The Treasury"

at Petra, Jordan

Roman Art: 2nd Century A.D.

  • unevenly space columns
  • Tholos on second story
  • breaking down of Classical rules

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Model of an Insula

at Port City of Ostia

Roman Art: The 2nd Century A.D.

  • non-elite living
  • almost modern-like apartments
  • modest sized apartments, lavish decoration (indication of middle class?)

 

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Floor mosaic from Baths of Neptune

at Port City of Ostia

Roman Art: The 2nd Century A.D.

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Relief of vegetable vendor

from Tombs of Working Men and Women at Port City of Ostia

Roman Art: The 2nd Century A.D.

  • conceptual image

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The Antonines

A.D. 138-192

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Column Base of Antoninus Pius

at Rome

Roman Art: The 2nd Century A.D.

  • 2 sides look to past, 2 look to future
  • Apotheosis of Antoninus (process of becoming a god)
  • Roma (personification of Rome)
  • 1 side is in classical style (even though 600 years laters) and other side depicts cavalry roundup (not classical style)

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Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius

Roman Art: 2nd Century A.D.

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Asiatic sarcophagus with portrait of a woman

from Melfi, Italy

Roman Art: 2nd Century A.D.

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Portrait of a priest of Serapis

from the Faiyum, Egypt

Roman Art: 2nd Century A.D.