Roman Art: The Third Century A.D. Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Roman Art: The Third Century A.D. Deck (17):
1

Roman Art: The Third Century

3rd Century A.D.

2

The Severens

A.D. 193-235

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Painted Portrait of Septimius Severus and his family

Roman Art: The 3rd Century A.D.

  • tempera on wood
  • subjects: Septimius Severus, Julia Domna, Geta, and Caracalla
  • Julia Domna has melon hair (3rd century characteristic)

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Portrait of Caracalla (at the Met.)

Roman Art: 3rd Century A.D.

  • relatively young
  • short, well-trimmed hair and beard
  • lines on cheeks and furrowed brow form "X"

5

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Portrait of Caracalla (Berlin)

Roman Art: 3rd Century A.D.

 

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Chariot procession of Septimius Severus

from arch at Lepcis Magna, Libya

Roman Art: 3rd Century A.D.

  • legacy of "cavalry roundup" apparent
  • space compressed
  • perspective showed through being raised up
  • stiff drapery, classical form rejected

7

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Baths of Caracalla

at Rome

Roman Art: 3rd Century A.D.

  • massive scale
  • essentially "fitness center" for Romans
  • Employed clerestory lighting in frigidarium

8

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Frigidarium from Baths of Diocletian

at Rome

Roman Art: 3rd Century A.D.

  • now the church of Santa Maria degli Angeli

9

The Soldier Emperors

A.D. 235-284

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Trajan Decius

Roman Art: 3rd Century A.D.

  • short hair, beard, long nose
  • almost pained expression (indicates period of instability)

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Trebonianus Gallus

Roman Art: 3rd Century A.D.

  • wrestler's body, head disproportionately small

12

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Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus

Roman Art: 3rd Century A.D.

  • Classical space completely eliminated
  • tangled figures

13

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Sarcophagus of a Philosopher

Roman Art: 3rd Century A.D.

  • Philosopher with pupils
  • similar trend seen later with depictions of Jesus and apostles

14

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Temple of Venus

at Baalbek, Lebanon

Roman Art: 3rd Century A.D.

  • exterior podium is scalloped (not rectangular)
  • roof picks of curve of podium
  • plays off curves of different sizes

15

Diocletian and the Tetrarchy

A.D. 284-306

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The Tetrarchs

at Venice, S. Marco

Roman Art: 3rd Century A.D

  • Made of porphyry
  • sculpture presenting political reality
  • not realistic depiction
  • "Caracalla forehead triangle" shows up

17

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Model of Palace of Diocletian

at Split, Croatia

Roman Art: 3rd Century A.D.