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Flashcards in ROW FRAMES Deck (28)
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1

1. Knowledge of construction features in Row frame buildings will assist members in
successfully extinguishing fires in these buildings. Which feature is not described correctly?
(Sec. 5.1.2, 5.1.3, Figures 9 & 10)
(A) The “Brownstone type” Row frames generally have three front windows per floor with one
apartment going front to rear and a rear fire escape.
(B) An “Old Law Tenement type (OLT)” Row frame has two railroad flat apartments per floor.
These buildings generally have four windows across the front, with a rear fire escape.
(C) The depth of the “OLT type” Row frame will determine the size and number of rooms.
There may be a dumbwaiter or light shaft present.
(D) Row frames can be balloon frame or braced frame. In balloon frame construction, fire can
easily extend vertically. Braced framing stops vertical extension of fire by use of a girt.
 

A

2

2. Fire spread, both vertically and horizontally, is a major concern with Row frame buildings.
Which points contain only correct information? (Sec. 5.2.2, 5.2.4, 5.2.6, 5.2.9)

1. The common cockloft, spreading over all the buildings in the row, is 2 to 3 feet high.

2. Common cornices may be present, but even in buildings in the same row there may be
variations. Fire will spread via the common cornice.

3. Fire may spread vertically via: auto exposure, siding, interior walls, partitions, false fronts,
bay windows, spaces between the sheathing and siding, pipe recesses and light and air
shafts.

4. Light and airshafts are found in all Row frames. The taller the building the larger the shaft.
Air and light shafts will reduce the severity of fire.

5. Lack of fire stopping at cellar ceilings may permit fire travel from one building to another.
In Row frames with cellars common to more than one occupancy, fire will involve both
when the fire is of any consequence.

 

(A) 1,2,3 only (B) 2, 3, 5 only (C) 1,2, 3, 4, 5 (D) 1,5 only
 

B

 

3

3. The danger of collapse with fires in Row frames is a factor deserving consideration.
Choose the incorrect statement concerning collapse. (Sec. 5.4 A, B, C, H)
(A) A heavy fire in the cockloft will burn roof supports and cause the collapse of the roof into
the top floor.
(B) Rear walls can pull away from the building and collapse in one section into the yard.
(C) Collapse of sidewalls is a danger. This is especially true where buildings within the row
have been demolished and removed. Even when walls bordering the gap are braced, the danger
is still present.
(D) When a serious fire bums out the entire top floor, there is danger of complete collapse,
especially in comer buildings and buildings standing alone.
 

D

FIRST FLOOR FOR COMPLET COLLAPSE

4

Ladder 100 arrives first due to fire on the 3
rd
floor of a 4 story “Brownstone type” Row
frame with a three window front. Battalion 66 is 10-84, but there is no engine on scene.
The building is equipped with a self-closing entrance door with a locking device
4. The Inside Team of Ladder 100 operated correctly in which choice? (Sec. 5.5.1 E, 5.7
A, B, C)
(A) As the first member through the entrance door, the Officer chocked the door fully open.
(B) A thorough primary search was begun as soon as members entered the fire apartment.
(C) All horizontal ventilation tactics were controlled, communicated and coordinated by the
Incident Commander.
(D) Initial vertical ventilation was controlled, communicated, and coordinated by the Officer of
Ladder 100.
 

D

5

Ladder 100 arrives first due to fire on the 3
rd
floor of a 4 story “Brownstone type” Row
frame with a three window front. Battalion 66 is 10-84, but there is no engine on scene.
The building is equipped with a self-closing entrance door with a locking device
5. Which action taken by the Chauffeur of Ladder 100 should be corrected? (Sec. 5.7 D
Brownstone Layout)
(A) After raising the aerial ladder to the roof for the Roof FF to access the roof, the Chauffeur
waited for the completion of the roof size-up prior to moving the ladder.
(B) When the Roof FF indicated a need for a Life Saving Rope rescue, the Chauffeur
proceeded to the roof to assist.
(C) When the Roof FF indicated no need for rescue, the Chauffeur placed the aerial ladder to
the window over the main entrance for immediate VEIS.
(D) Noticing that fire was lapping out of the 3
rd
floor windows, and entry into the top floor
would be delayed, the Chauffeur waited until the lapping fire had been eliminated and then
vented all windows on the top floor when permission was granted by the Officer of the 2
nd
arriving Ladder Company.
 

C

6

6. After positioning the apparatus for complete coverage at a fire on the 3rd floor of a 4 story“OLT type” Row frame, the LCC of the first arriving Ladder Company was correct when he?

(Sec. 5.7 D Old Law Tenement Layout)

(A) After the Roof FF reached the roof using the aerial ladder, the LCC repositioned the aerial
ladder to the fire apartment for VEIS with the second LCC prior to the Roof FF completing the
roof size-up.

(B) The LCC teamed up with the second arriving LCC and raised a 35’ portable ladder to VEIS
the fire apartment.

 

(C) Teamed with the 1st
 OV FF and VEIS the fire apartment from the rear fire escape.

(D) Told the OV FF that the only apartment above the fire floor that can have a heavy smoke
condition is the apartment directly above the fire apartment.
 

A

7

7. While conducting a drill on the first arriving OV Firefighter duties at a top floor fire, Lt.
Smith made several statements. Which one was correct? (Sec. 5.7 E, F)
(A) The OV FF shall carry a saw and 6’ hook to the roof.
(B) After proceeding to the roof, the OV FF shall descend the fire escape and provide VEIS.
(C) When unable to descend the fire escape from the roof, notify the IC. Vent the fire
apartment windows when directed by the IC.
(D) The OV FF shall use the saw to vent the cockloft and top floor.
 

B

8

8. FF Jones of Ladder 200, an aerial ladder, is the first arriving OV FF at a fire on the 2
nd
floor of a 4 story Row frame building. The CIDS for the building is as follows:

 

MD-3 STY 25'x 50' C13
Brownstone Type Row frame —
No Rear Fire Escape -
1 STY Setback in rear

 

After ensuring that a ladder rescue is not required in the front of the building, FF Jones
immediately makes her way to the rear of the building, where she sees a person trapped oN the3rd floor. Which action taken by FF Jones should be corrected? (Sec. 5.7 E)


(A) FF Jones took a 10’ scissor ladder to the rear to assist in gaining access to the roof of the
setback.
(B) FF Jones notified the Officer of Ladder 200 and the IC of the trapped victim with the
following HT message: “There is a person trapped in the rear of the 3rd
floor on the exposure 2
side of the building”.

(C) Due to the lack of a fire escape on the building, FF Jones returned to the front of the
building to team up with the LCC for top floor VEIS.


(D) After FF Jones determined that a laddering operation was practical, she notified the IC,
determined what size ladder was needed and the most accessible route to the rear.
 

C

9

9. Choose the correct order of preference to gain access to the roof for the Roof Firefighter in
an Aerial Ladder Company. (Sec. 5.7 F)

1. 1st Arriving Aerial Ladder

2. 2nd Arriving Aerial Ladder (when available).

3. Via Exposure 2, a similar attached Row frame building that offers easiest access to its
interior.

4. Rear Fire Escape

5. Via Exposure 4A, a similar attached Row frame building.

(A) 1,2, 3, 4, 5

B 1,2,5

(C) 1,2,3 (D) 3,1,4
 

B

10

10. If the l
sl arriving Ladder Company is a Tower Ladder Company, what would be the order
of preference for roof access? (Sec. 5.9)
1. 1st Arriving Aerial Ladder
2. The basket
o 3. Rear fire escape
4. An adjoining building, other than the immediate adjoining building

(A) 1,2,4
(B) 2, 1,4
(C) 4, 1,3
(D) 2, 1,3,4
 

B

11

11. The Roof FF’s responsibilities include life, communications and ventilation. Upon
reaching the roof, the Roof FF would be incorrect to do what? (Sec. 5.7 F)

(A) Survey the rear, courts and shafts of the building for trapped occupants and/or persons whomay have jumped.
(

B) Notify the Officer of any life hazard, location of fire escapes, and the ventilation profile of
the rear and sides of the building.
(

C) When trapped occupants are noted, after assuring the victim that help is on the way, contact
the Ladder Company Officer and inform them of the exact location of the trapped occupant. An
acknowledgement of this message must be received.

(D) When a Life Saving Rope (LSR) rescue is required, contact the IC via HT for assistance on
the roof. When the aerial ladder is to be used as a substantial object to tie off the LSR, notify the
IC to have the ladder repositioned.
 

D

NOTIFY THE LCC NOT IC

12

12. FF Green is assigned the Roof position in Ladder 300, the 1
st arriving Ladder Company at a
fire on the 2
nd floor of a 4 story Row frame Building. After notifying the LCC that rescue
operations are not needed and the Officer that he is in position to perform ventilation tactics, FF
Green performed several actions. Which action should be corrected? (Sec. 5.7 F)

(A) Prior to taking out the glass skylight over the stairs, FF Green can make a HT
announcement or break out a small pane of glass as a warning to members moving up the stairs
below.

(B) Upon noticing that there was a closed door on the closet leading to the scuttle preventing
adequate ventilation, and hearing the IC tell his aide via HT that the fire was “■Doubtful”
, FF Green did not descend the scuttle ladder to open the door.

(C) FF Green contacted the Officer of Ladder 400, the 2
nd arriving Ladder Company, for
permission to vent the top floor windows.

(D) Noticing a rear fire escape, FF Green notified his Officer that he was leaving the roof and
teaming up with the OV FF from Ladder 300 to VEIS the 2nd floor.
 

A

13

13. Using the information in Question 12, which action taken by FF Green after completing
roof duties would be correct if there was no fire escape? (Sec. 5.7 F)

(A) If the aerial ladder is still in position at the roof, descend the aerial ladder and team up with
the LCC for VEIS of the 2nd floor.

(B) If the aerial ladder is still in position at the roof, descend the aerial ladder and team up with
the LCC for VEIS of the 4lh
 floor.

(C) Upon noticing that the aerial ladder had been moved from the roof, contact the IC and ask
where he is needed.

(D) Remain on the roof to assist with roof ventilation.

B

14

13. Using the information in Question 12, which action taken by FF Green after completing
roof duties would be correct if there was no fire escape? (Sec. 5.7 F)
(A) If the aerial ladder is still in position at the roof, descend the aerial ladder and team up with
the LCC for VEIS of the 2nd floor.
(B) If the aerial ladder is still in position at the roof, descend the aerial ladder and team up with
the LCC for VEIS of the 4lh
 floor.
(C) Upon noticing that the aerial ladder had been moved from the roof, contact the IC and ask
where he is needed.
(D) Remain on the roof to assist with roof ventilation.
 

B

15

14. Top floor fires in Row frame buildings create the potential for rapid fire spread via the
cockloft. Which action taken by the 1st  arriving Roof FF at a top floor fire in “Brownstonetype” Row frame was correct? (Sec5.7 F)


(A) The tools brought to the roof were a 6’ Halligan Hook, saw, Flashlight and HT.

(B) Returns were not opened to avoid increasing the flow of oxygen into the cockloft.

(C) Ventilated the top floor windows as ordered by the 2nd Arriving Ladder Officer.

(D) Called for a saw to be brought to the roof due to a tarred over roof skylight.
 

D

16

16. For a fire on the top floor of an “OLT type” Row frame, the 2nd Ladder Company to arrive
would be operating incorrectly in which choice? (Sec. 5.8 F)

(A) The Inside Team operated in the most severely threatened exposure.


(B) The Inside Team proceeded to the top floor of the fire building and VEIS the adjoining
apartment, including examination of the cockloft.

(C) The Officer assigned the LCC to an exposure when they were no longer needed for
laddering operations on the front of the building.

(D) Common interior shafts that were covered at the roof level were checked for fire extension.
 

A

17

Units respond to a fire on the 4th floor of 100 Pine Street, a 4 story “Brownstone Type”Row frame building. The fire building is the middle building in a row of 7 similar attached
occupied dwellings. Fire is venting from two top floor windows of 100 Pine Street, and
heavy smoke is pushing from the top floor of Exposure 2, 98 Pine Street. There is a
medium smoke condition in 102 Pine Street, which is the Exposure 4 building. Ladder 100,
a tiller ladder apparatus, is the first arriving Ladder Company and operating on the 4th
floor of 100 Pine Street. Ladder 200, an aerial ladder company, arrives 2nd due to the fire.

17. Which action taken by the Inside Team of Ladder 200 should be corrected?
(Sec. 5.8 F, 5.8.1)

(A) The Officer ordered the inside team to operate on the top floor of 98 Pine Street.

(B) The extinguisher FF left his extinguisher on the apparatus and took two 6’ hooks into the
building.

(C) The Officer ordered his inside team to make inspection holes in the ceiling of each room.

(D) After notifying the IC that there was heavy fire in the cockloft, the Officer heard a HT

transmission stating that there was heavy fire in the cockloft of Exposure 2A, 96 Pine Street.
The Officer immediately called for a handline to the top floor of 98 Pine Street.
 

D

18

Units respond to a fire on the 4th floor of 100 Pine Street, a 4 story “Brownstone Type”Row frame building. The fire building is the middle building in a row of 7 similar attached
occupied dwellings. Fire is venting from two top floor windows of 100 Pine Street, and
heavy smoke is pushing from the top floor of Exposure 2, 98 Pine Street. There is a
medium smoke condition in 102 Pine Street, which is the Exposure 4 building. Ladder 100,
a tiller ladder apparatus, is the first arriving Ladder Company and operating on the 4th
floor of 100 Pine Street. Ladder 200, an aerial ladder company, arrives 2nd due to the fire.

D

19

18. Which action taken by the LCC and OV FF from Ladder 200 was incorrect?
(Sec. 5.8.1, Outside Team)

(A) The LCC positioned the apparatus in the front of the fire building while considering the
need for rescuing trapped occupants.

(B) The OV FF checked the rear of the building after ensuring that laddering operations were
not needed in the front.

(C) After determining that he was no longer needed at the aerial, the LCC joined the Inside
Team of Ladder 200.

(D) Due to the building not having a rear fire escape, the OV FF called the LCC via HT to team up and examine the top floor of Exposure 4.

 

C

WHEN NO LONGER NEEDED ON THE AEIRIEL, LCC GOES TO AN EXPOSURE AS DIRECTED BY THEIR OFFICER AND VEIS TOP FLOOR AS PER INSIDE TEAM DUTIESS

20

19. The Roof FF of Ladder 200 operated incorrectly in which choice?

(Sec. 5.8.1OutsideTeam)

 

(A) Proceeded to the roof carrying a saw and 6’ Halligan Hook

(B) Using a Partner saw, the roof was cut over the front two rooms. After the initial cut was
completed and opened, it was enlarged.

(C) After cutting the roof, the Roof FF made examination holes in the returns of all of the
exposures to check for extension of fire.

(D) Upon discovering fire in the cockloft of Exposure 4, the Roof FF notified the IC and
Officer of Ladder 200 via HT.
 

C

RETURNS REMOTE FROM THE FIRE SHOULD BE AVOIDED. THIS ACTION CAN PREAD FIRE TO THE COCKLOFT

21

20. When the 1st arriving Ladder Company at a Row frame fire is a Tower Ladder, the LCC shall remain at the pedestal for overall safety, control and coordination. Which action taken by the other members of the Outside Team for a fire on the 3rd floor of a 4 story Row frame is correct?

(Sec. 5.9)
 

A) At a “Brownstone Type” Row frame, the OV waited for completion of the roof size up
before repositioning the basket to the 4
thfloor for VEIS. Prior to VEIS the OV teamed up with the Roof FF.


(B) At a “Brownstone type” Row frame, the OV FF waited for completion of the roof size up
before repositioning the basket to the 3rd
floor for ventilation as coordinated by the Ladder
Officer. After venting the 3rd floor, the OV teamed up with the Roof FF and repositioned the
basket to the 4th floor for VEIS.


(C) At an “OLT type” Row frame, the OV waited for completion of roof size up before
repositioning the basket to the 3rd floor for VEIS.

(D) At an “OLT type” Row frame, the OV waited for completion of roof size up before
repositioning the basket to the 4th
 floor for VEIS.
 

B

22

21. Engine Companies have several general rules to adhere to at Row frame fires. Which one is not correct? (Sec. 6.1 A, B, C)

(A) Speed, operating in close quarters, and mobility of operation are of prime importance,
therefore all interior hoselines stretched will be considered 1

(B) Officers of all engines arriving at fires will take positions at serviceable hydrants. They
shall be alert to initiate in-line pumping when it would increase the speed of operation.

(C) The Officer should realize that the use of booster tank water, while the ECC is hooking up
to the hydrant, will make for a speedier operation. The Officer must be informed when thepumper is receiving water from the hydrant.

(D) The first arriving Engine Company, operating in the original fire building at a top floor fire
that has extended to the cockloft, should take a six-foot hook to pull ceilings.
 

D

ENGINE COMPANY ORDERED TO AN EXPOSURE SHOULD BRING A SIX FOOT HOOK TO PULL CEILINGS

23

25. BC QUESTION -

If necessary, the Incident Commander should order a third hoseline
stretched as needed at a fire on the 1st
 floor or upper floor to all except?

(Sec. 6.3 C, 6.4 

 

(A) To the fire building
(B) To an exposure
(C) To supply a tower ladder
(D) Through the fire building to the rear yard.
 

D

MAY GO THOURGH AN EXPOSURE TO THE REAR YARD

24

26. Which action taken at a building fully involved with fire showing in the exposures, also
known as a “Holding Operation”, was correct? (Sec. 6.5)

(A) The first arriving engine company stretched two hoselines, one for entering the building
and one to be used by the 3rd
 engine company.

(B) The first and second hoselines are always stretched to the fire building.

(C) The third hoseline is stretched to the top floor of an exposure.

(D) The 4th
 hoseline is always stretched to supply a Large Caliber Stream.
 

C Explanation

 

A. First hoseline
The first hoseline is stretched into the fire building through the front door.

When a building is fully involved with fire showing in exposure(s) the first arriving
engine company should stretch one 3 1⁄2" supply line for a tower ladder, and a hoseline for
entering the building.

 

B. Second hoseline
The second hoseline, if not needed to back up the first hoseline, is stretched to the
top floor of the most severe exposure. This hoseline will be needed to protect the
cockloft, and interior shafts. While proceeding to top floor check intermediate
floors for fire.

 

C. Third hoseline
If the second hoseline is needed to back up the first hoseline, the third hoseline is
stretched to the top floor of the most severe exposure. If the second hoseline is
stretched to the top floor of the most severe exposure, the third hoseline is
stretched to the top floor of the opposite exposure. This hoseline will be needed
to protect the cockloft, and interior shafts. While proceeding to top floor check
intermediate floors for fire.

D. Fourth hoseline
Stretched as ordered by the Incident Commander.

25

27. Fires in vacant Row frame buildings must be treated with great caution. Choose the
incorrect action taken at a fire in a vacant building in a row of occupied Row frames.
(Sec. 6.7 A)

(A) The first engine company dropped two hoselines: a 3 *A” line to supply a tower ladder and a hoseline stretched to the fire building.

(B) The second hoseline was stretched to back up the first hoseline.

(C) The second hoseline was stretched to the fire building.

(D) The second hoseline was stretched to an exposure.

A

 Vacant Buildings in a Row of Occupied Frames

1 The first to arrive engine company should drop two hoselines: one a 3 1⁄2" line to supply a TL, and a hoseline to enter the most severe exposure.

2. First hoseline
First hoseline is stretched to most severe exposure.

3. Second hoseline
If not needed to back up the first hoseline, shall be stretched to the fire building or to the opposite exposure.

4. Third hoseline
Stretched to the fire building or to the opposite exposure, depending on
where the second hoseline was stretched.

26

28. Which choice is incorrect concerning engine operations at a heavy fire in a vacant building
in a row of vacant buildings? (Sec. 6.7 B)

 

(A) The first to arrive Engine Company stretches a 3 ’A” hoseline to supply a tower ladder, and
stretches a hoseline for use on the exterior of the building.
 

B) The first hoseline initially operates from the exterior until the tower ladder, multiversal, or
a heavy caliber stream can be placed into operation. The hoseline is then stretched into the most
severe exposure.
 

C) The second hoseline, if not needed to back up the first hoseline, is stretched to the opposite
exposure or through the exposure to the rear yard.
 

D) Either the first or second hoseline is stretched to the fire building.
 

D

27

29. Ensuring that sufficient units are on hand to fight Row frame building fires is extremely
important. Which general guideline is not correct? (Sec. 7.6)

(A) When a floor is fully involved from front to rear, it is advisable to call for an additional
engine and ladder.

(B) When two or more floors are fully involved, the need for a second alarm must be
considered.

(C) When a top floor fire has extended to the cockloft, a second alarm is required.

(D) When two buildings are involved, we have a second alarm situation.

(E) Prompt consideration must be given to transmitting a 3
rd alarm when the fire extends
beyond two buildings.
 

C

When two or more floors are fully involved, or a top floor fire has extended into
the cockloft, the need for a second alarm must be considered.

28

30. BC QUESTION - The IC has many duties and strategies to consider. Which one is not
correct? (Sec. 7.2, 7.7, 7.9, 7.10)


(A) When the fire is of multiple alarm proportion, the strategy is to set up a perimeter of heavy
caliber streams flanking the front of the building, with 1 %” lines in the front and rear of the
building.

(B) To cut off fire that is traveling in the cockloft towards the exposures, it may be necessary to
skip a building to get ahead of the fire. Once a line has been placed in proper position, it can
advance to the center of the fire area by going through the walls between the buildings.

(C) To determine conditions on arrival the Chief must use the HT to determine: the extent of
fire in the cockloft, how many buildings are involved, physical punishment sustained by
members, and the degree of fire in the rear and accessibility to the rear of the building via the
street in the rear.

(D) When addresses are prominent and/or buildings can readily be distinguished from each
other by features the IC may use plain English to assign units to exposure sectors.
 

A

heavy caliber streams in the front and the rear,

with 1 3⁄4" linesflanking the sides of the fire and moving toward the center of the fire.