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Flashcards in RTS Revision Deck (34):
0

Skin conditions

Eczema: red itchy inflammation
Seborrheic dermatitis: yellow greasy scales on scalp in children, red rash greasy scales in adults
Psoriasis: silvery scales red plaques

1

Acne appearance

Comedones, pustules, papules on face chest and upper back

2

Acne treatment

Benzoyl peroxide (concs 2.5-10%)
Antibiotics
Isotretinoin
Hormonal treatments

3

Treatment of athletes foot

Imidazoles and allylamines as topical preps first line
Also tolnaftate and undecenoates

4

Where does ring work not effect?

Face
hands
feet
groin or
scalp

5

What type of cream treats ring worm?

Imidazole cream

6

What is jock itch?

Fungal infection of the groin

7

Treatment of jock itch

Imidazole or terbinafine cream

8

Referal for fungal nails

Predisposed to fungal infection
Pregnant or breast feeding woman
Under 18
If it's not DLSO
More than 2 infected nails
Destroyed nail
Failed treatment 3 months

Treat with amorolfine 5% nail laquer

9

HPV

Human papilloma virus
Causes warts and verrucas

10

Aciclovir and penciclovir cause....

Cold sores

11

Red flag for bowel cancer

Blood in stools
Abdominal mass

12

Referrals red flag for nausea and vomiting

Weight loss red flag
Blood in vomit red flag
Severe tummy pain
Projectile vom under 3 month baby
Vomit under 1 month baby
24 hours vom in 1 year old

13

Red flags for diahorrea

Blood in stools
Weight loss

Refer when symptoms last over 2-3 days in children and elderly, 24 hours in diabetes

14

Some examples of anti motility drugs for diahorrea

Loperamide
Bismuth
Kaolin

15

Alarm signs dyspepsia

GI bleeding
Difficult swallowing
Unintentional weight loss
Swollen tummy
Persistant vomiting

16

Egs of antacids

Rennies remegel

17

Alginates

Gaviscon
Gaviscon advance
Peptic

18

Pro kinetic example

Motilium
Domperidone

19

H2 antagonist

Zantac
Pepcid AC

20

Referal symptoms

Blood in stool tarry mucus
Over 14 days
Patient over 40 sudden change in bowel habit
Suspect depression
Weight loss

21

Referal symptoms

Abdominal pain
Blood in stool red flag
Fever
Manually reduce hemorrhoids
Middle age persistent change in bowel habit
Unexplained rectal bleeding red flad
Severe pain

22

Referal IBS

Blood in stools
Under 16
Over 45
No history of IBS
Fever
Nausea and vomiting
Severe tummy pain
Steatorrhoera

23

What laxative should be discouraged in IBS

Lactualose

24

Referral cough

Wheezing
Dry night time cough
Coloured sputum
Blood sputum
Cough over three weeks red flag
Pain on inspiration
Chest pain red flag
Generally unwell
Drug induced cough

25

Referral sore throat

ADR- a skin rash
Duration over 2 weeks
Dysphagia (hard to swallow)
Bacterial infection

26

How does influenza present?

Sudden onset of symptoms
Shivers
Chills
Malaise
Aching of Limbs
Insomnia
Loss of appetite

27

Red flag of cold?

Chest pain

28

Why give antihistamines to person with a cold?

Lesson symptoms of sneezing and runny nose

29

Referral with hay fever

Wheezing
Treatment failure
Unilateral discharge especially in children

30

When so the symptoms of hay fever peak

Morning and evening
When hot and humid

31

Combination of treatments hay fever

Antihistamines
Corticosteroids
Mast cell stabilisers
Decongestants

32

Sedating and non sedating antihistamines

Sedating: chlorphemaine
Non sedating: loratidine, cetirizine, acrivastine (over 12's) , Benadryl plus

33

Mast cell stabiliser for hay fever

Sodium cromoglicate

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