Flashcards in S - Psychological Treatments Deck (10):
What does the cognitive explanation assume?
Schizophrenia is the result of a faulty attention system
What do therapists who use CBT assume?
The patients have irrational thoughts and beliefs
Describe coping strategy enhancement (CBT)
Therapists try to establish the content of the delusions and hallucinations
They tell the patients they are not mad
Patient applies strategy to real life
Describe belief modification (CBT)
Challenges false beliefs and puts them to a reality test
What does the behavioural explanation assume?
Schizophrenia is learnt through conditioning
Describe token economy
Based on operant conditioning
Aims to change unwanted behaviour and replace it with desirable behaviour
Involves giving patients tokens for behaving in appropriate ways
Can be exchanged for privalages
what does the family/socio-cultural explanation assume?
Certain aspects of family life can cause schizoprehnia
e.g. contradictory messages from family members
What does the treatment family interventions involve?
Family members and the schizophrenic
An educational element where family members are give information and the disorder and ways of managing it (improving communication styles, lowering expressed emotion etc.)
Training to recognise early signs of relapse so they can respond rapidly and reduce its severity
What is the arguments for token economy not being effective?
Only works when behaviour is rewarded in the institution - difficult to transfer