Flashcards in S - Psychological Explanations Deck (7):
What does the cognitive explanation argue schizophrenia is caused by?
Disordered and disorganised thinkining
Who developed the attention deficit theory and what is it?
Schizophrenia is a result of a faulty attention system
May be caused by a breakdown in the filtering system which should filter out preconscious thoughts to leave a small amount to enter our consciousness - causes an overload which means thoughts that are normally filtered out as being irrelevant/unimportant are now interpreted in conscious awareness
What symptoms does the attention deficit theory describe?
Positive - delusions, hallucinations
What is a limitation of the cognitive explanation?
It's not clear if the cognitive defects cause schizophrenia or whether the cognitive defects are caused by other factors, such as neurochemical changes
How does the family relations explanation explain schizophrenia?
Using the double-bind theory (Bateson)
What does the behaviour explanation assume?
Schizophrenia is learnt
People are unintentionally reinforced (getting special attention) for their odd behaviours by others and so repeat them