Flashcards in A - Psychological Interventions Deck (8):
Describe Aversion Therapy
Before treatment: emetic (drug) – nausea/vomiting
During treatment: alcohol + emetic – nausea/vomiting
After treatment: alcohol only – nausea/vomiting
Contingency contracting: individual identifies the environmental factors that associate with smoking/drinking
Apply Aversion Therapy to smoking
Smoking: rapid smoking – individual sits in a closed room taking a puff on a cigarette every 6 seconds, this leads to feelings of nausea – associate unpleasant feelings (nausea) with smoking
What does the Operant Conditioning approach suggest?
Rewards would need to be given to encourage that behaviour
Token economy is most frequently used in institutional settings
What is the aim of CBT?
To change behaviour by changing the conditions that serve to maintain it and by promoting positive cognition
Could be linked to theory of planned behhaviour
Name 2 weaknesses of Smith's research
Doesn't address cause so may not be permanent
Causes distress/discomfort (unethical)
Name a weakness of Higgins' research
May not be effective when rewards stopped
What is a weakness of Ladoucer's findings/CBT?
Not successful for everyone on the programme so it is not effective for all