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Flashcards in SAC 1 Deck (25)
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1

health and wellbeing

a person's physical, social, emotional, spiritual and mental existence and is characterised by the equilibrium in which the individual feels happy, health, capable and engaged

2

physical h+w

relates to the functioning of the body and its systems. It includes the physical capacity to perform daily activities or tasks. physical health is supported by factors such as regular physical activity, consuming a balanced diet, having appropriate rest/sleep, maintaining an ideal body weight, and the absence of illness, disease or injury

e.g. energy levels
blood pressure
body weight
physical fitness

3

emotional h+w

relates to the ability to express feelings in a positive way. emotional health is about the positive management and expression of emotional actions and reactions as well as the ability to display resilience. emotional health is the degree to which you feel emotionally secure and relaxed in everyday life

e.g. recognise a range of emotions
adequately respond to those emotions
experience appropriate emotions in a given scenario

4

mental h+w

the current state of wellbeing relating to the mind or brain; relates to the ability to think and process information in order to positively form opinions and make decisions.

e.g. low levels of stress and anxiety
positive thought patterns
positive self-esteem

5

social h+w

relates to the ability to form meaningful and satisfying relationships with others and the ability to manage or adapt appropriately to different social situations. it also includes the level of support provided by family and within a community to ensure that every person has equal opportunity to function as a contributing member of society. it's supported by strong communication skills, empathy for others and a sense of person responsibility

e.g. effective communication with others
supportive network of friends
well functioning family

6

spiritual h+w

not material in nature but relates to ideas, beliefs and ethics that arise in the minds and conscience of human beings. it includes the concepts of hope, peace, a guiding sense of meaning or value and reflection on your place in the world. spiritual health can be highly individualised e.g. health may relate to organised religion, a higher power

e.g. having a sense of belonging
acting according to values and beliefs
experiencing peace and harmony

7

how does one dimension of health affect another

physical health can impact mental health e.g. someone can eat unhealthy and isn't being active they are more likely to put on weight which can bring a negative impact on their mindset of themselves

8

2 factors that influence that they have on the variations in perspectives and priorities relating to h+w

age
gender
culture ----- explain

9

2 factors that influence that they have on the variations in perspectives and priorities relating to h+w

age
gender
religion
culture ----- explain

10

what is socioeconomic status (high or low) and it's elements

income
education
employment
high socioeconomic status - rich, wealthy, great access to goods and services, better nutrition, opportunities
low socioeconomic status - poor, low resources

11

indigenous australians perspective on h+w compared to non-indigenous australians

aboriginal health does not just mean the physical wellbeing of the individual but refers to the social, emotional, spiritual and cultural wellbeing of the whole community in which each individual is able to achieve their full potential thereby bringing about the total wellbeing of their community. This is a whole of life view and includes the cyclical concept of life-death-life

12

health status indications

mortality
morbidity
incidence
prevalence
life expectancy
psychological distress
core activity limitations
rates of hospitalisation
burden of disease
DALY - disability adjusted life years
YLL year of life lost
YLD years of life lost to a disability
self-assessed health status

13

life expectancy

how long a person can expect to live; the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rate do not change

14

mortality

the number of deaths in a population in a given period

15

morbidity

refers to the ill-health in an individual and the levels of ill-health in a population or group

16

incidence

the number or rate of NEW cases of a particular condition/disease in population during a given time

17

prevalence

the number of cases of a particular disease/condition present in a population at a given time

18

psychological distress

an indicator that measures the mental health and wellbeing of a population

19

core activity limitation

refers to the needing assistance with self care, mobility and/or communication

20

rates of hospitalisation

the number of patients who experience an episode of admitted patient care

21

burden of disease

a measure of the impact of diseases and injuries, specifically it measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease and disability. burden of disease is measured in a unit called a DALY.

22

DALY

a measure of the burden of disease. one DALY = one year of healthy life lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury
DALY=YLD+YLL

23

self-assessed health status

provides an overall measure of a population's health status based on individuals' perceptions of their own health and wellbeing

24

sociocultural factors

income
employment
education
housing
family
peer group
access to health information

25

advantages and disadvantages to accessing health information through digital means

advantages:
easy access
comfortable
anonymous
can be reliable in times of need

disadvantages:
not always accurate and trustworthy
knowledge can be limited and have wrong info