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1

Rationale of the SDGs
(reasons why is exists)

ask countries around the world to take action and work together towards
- ending poverty
- protecting the planet
- helping to ensure all people worldwide can enjoy peace and prosperity

- 17 goals and 169 specific targets to be achieved by 2030

2

3 Objectives of SDG’s

- ending poverty

- protecting the planet

- helping to ensure all people worldwide can enjoy peace and prosperity

3

Key features of SDG 3 and name

'Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages"


- Reduce infant and under-5 mortality globally
- Reduce rates of global maternal mortality
- End epidemics of communicable disease (specifically tuberculosis, HIV, malaria, and hepatitis)
- Reduce the impact of non-communicable diseases
- Reduce the prevalence of mental health conditions (i.e. promote mental health and wellbeing)
- Reduce the number of global road traffic accidents
- Ensure universal and equitable access to medicines, vaccines, and other health products
- Promote universal access to sexual and reproductive health care

4

SDG's
1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 13

- SDG 1: No poverty
- SDG 2: Zero hunger
- SDG 4: Quality education
- SDG 5: Gender equality
- SDG 6: Clean water and sanitation
- SDG 13: Climate action.

5

SDG 1
Name
Key features and targets

No poverty

Aims to end poverty in all its forms, everywhere

- Eradicating extreme poverty currently measured as people living on less than US$1.90 a day.
- Reducing by half the proportion of men, women and children living in poverty. Implementing social protection systems.
- Ensuring equal rights and access to essential resources, services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services

6

SDG 1 relationship to SDG 3

SDG 3 helps to end poverty by ensuring all people have access to essential medicines, vaccines and healthcare services at an affordable price. Natural disasters and outbreaks of disease can result in people, communities and countries being plunged into poverty.

7

SDG 2

Zero hunger

Aims to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

- End hunger and ensure access for all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, such as infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food.
- End all forms of malnutrition. - Double agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, and ensure equal access to land and resources

8

SDG 2 relationship to SDG 3

Maternal and child health and wellbeing will be improved with access to nutritious food, contributing to reductions in under-five and maternal mortality rates. With improved nutrition, children will be at reduced risk of contracting and dying from communicable diseases such as malaria and hepatitis, and vaccine-preventable diseases such as measles and tuberculosis.

9

SDG 4

Quality Education

Aims to ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning

- Ensure all children complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education.
- Ensure all children have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education.
- Ensure all adults have equal access to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education. Increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills for employment

10

SDG 4 relationship to SDG 3

An educated and skilled workforce brings about greater economic growth. Economic growth provides more resources for governments to invest in universal healthcare, essential medicines and social protection measures. People will be able to access preventative and curative health services, which will help reduce morbidity and mortality

11

SDG 5

Gender equality

Aims to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

- End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere.
- End all forms of violence against women and girls, including human trafficking and sexual exploitation.
- Eliminate harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation. Recognise and value unpaid domestic work.
- Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision making in political, economic and public life

12

SDG 5 relationship to SDG 3

Actions taken to achieve gender equality empowers women and girls. This is important for economic growth and ending poverty. Small loans to women in Bangladesh have been shown to increase family income twice as much as similar loans to men. Water and sanitation systems controlled by women have been shown to be more sustainable and effective than those controlled by men. This contributes to good health and wellbeing for all members of the community and for all ages

13

SDG 6

Clean water and sanitation

Aims to ensure access to water and sanitation for all

-Achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water.
- Enable access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all.
- Improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimising release of hazardous chemicals and materials.
- Increase the efficient use of water and ensure sustainable access to clean water.
- Implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including across borders.
- Protect and restore water-related ecosystems.
- Expand international cooperation and capacity to support low- and middle-income countries to achieve their targets.
- Support the participation of local communities in water and sanitation management.

14

SDG 6 relationship to SDG 3

Actions taken by the water and sanitation sector to achieve SDG 6 underpin the ability to achieve SDG 3. Without clean water and sanitation, reductions in maternal and child mortality, communicable diseases and diseases caused by soil and water pollution and contamination will not be achieved.

15

SDG 13

Climate action

Aims to take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

- Strengthen the resilience and capacity of all countries to adapt to climate-related hazards and natural disasters. Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning.
- Improve education, awareness-raising and the capacity of people and organisations to take actions that reduce or prevent environmental degradation.
- Implement the commitment by high-income countries to frameworks developed by the United Nations to take action to reduce climate change and to provide funds to support low-and middle-income countries to implement strategies to reduce climate change.
- Promote ways of raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in low-income countries and small island developing states, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalised communities.

16

SDG 13 relationship to SDG 3

Many policies and individual actions have the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve health and wellbeing. Cleaner energy systems, promoting energy efficient public transport and alternatives, such as cycling or walking, rather than private vehicles, could reduce carbon emissions and air pollution, all of which would help reduce current morbidity and mortality rates due to communicable diseases and a range of non-communicable diseases.

17

Components of WHO's work

1. Provide leadership and create partnerships to promote health and wellbeing

2. Conduct research and provide health and wellbeing information

3. Set norms and standards and promote and monitor their implementation

4. Develop policies to assist countries to take actions to promote health and wellbeing

5. Provide technical support and build sustainable health systems

6. Monitor health and wellbeing and assess health and wellbeing trends

18

Priorities of WHO

Achieving Universal Health Coverage
- 1 billion more people benefitting from universal health coverage Addressing

Health Emergencies
- 1 billion more people better protected from health emergencies Promoting

Healthier Populations
- 1 billion more people enjoying better health and well-being

19

WHO priority 1

Achieving Universal Health Coverage

- Provides funding models for public health systems, including maternal and ageing health services

- Help identify barriers to accessing health services and provide solutions to increase access

- Assist with the development of health promotion services

- Assists in the training of health care workers

- Ensure the development of policies and financing which ensure the provision of quality, affordable, essential medicines and vaccines

20

WHO priority 2

Addressing health emergencies

- Assists with developing policies and regulations to prevent and manage disease outbreaks

- Helps countries to strengthen early warning systems in preparation for times of disaster

- Helps countries to coordinate relief efforts in times of disaster

- Ensure populations affected by health emergencies have access to life saving health services

21

WHO priority 3

Promote healthier populations

- Conducts research to improve the ways in which diseases can be prevented, diagnosed, managed and treated

- Collects data to monitor the impacts of disease and evaluate the effectiveness of programs and initiatives

- Monitor progress made towards achieving the SDGs

- Ensure countries are taking action against preventable non-communicable diseases and communicable diseases

- Support countries in addressing the health effects of climate change

22

Mission of the WHO is to:

promote health, keep the world safe, serve the vulnerable

23

3 different types of aid

Bilateral aid
Emergency aid
Multilateral aid

24

Emergency aid

Define
Purpose
Ad/Dis
Examples

Rapid assistance given to people or countries in immediate distress to relieve suffering during and after emergencies such as wars and natural disasters, for example floods, tsunamis or earthquakes. Emergency aid is also called ‘humanitarian aid’

The purpose of this type of aid is to respond quickly and effectively to address the immediate needs of the affected communities
Emergency aid includes food, water, medicines and shelter, health workers, doctors or emergency workers

Advantage:
It provides countries with resources to help people recover from natural disasters

Disadvantage:
Emergency aid does not address the underlying causes of poverty.

E.g.
Australia provides aid to countries in times of natural disasters by providing food supplies, medical teams and equipment, transport, law and order personnel, and communication resources.

25

Bilateral aid

Define
Purpose
Ad/Dis
Examples

The provision of aid from the government of one country to the government of another country

Purpose:
to help reduce poverty and bring about long term sustainable development.

Advantage:
bilateral aid helps governments of recipient countries strengthen their economic, political, health and education systems and eventually become self- sufficient.

Disadvantage:
There can also be risks with providing bilateral aid if the government of the recipient country is corrupt and the funds are not spent on their intended purpose.

E.g.
the Australian government providing funding for the government of Papua New Guinea to implement prevention, treatment, counselling and education programs in relation to HIV/AIDS;

26

Multilateral aid

Define
Purpose
Ad/Dis
Examples

Aid provided through an international organisation, such as the World Bank, United Nations or World Health Organisation. Multilateral aid combines donations from several countries and then distributes them to the recipients.

Purpose:
To contribute to the achievement of equity in health and wellbeing and to promote human development

Advantage:
being less tied to the political interests of individual donor countries and allows for the efficient pooling of resources to address global issues that require a global approach

Disadvantage:
some of the funds provided to multilateral agencies must be spent by the agency itself for administrative purposes.

E.g.
Australia supports multilateral agencies engaged in poverty reduction and sustainable development to complement and reinforce its bilateral aid program

27

NGOs

Define
Purpose
Ad/Dis
Example

NGOs take different approaches to aid, which can include specific projects or programs, emergency aid, volunteering, education and development. The aid provided by NGOs often focuses on communities.

Purpose:
many of these agencies rely on funding from the Australian government, through its aid program, as well as through funds generated from public donations

Advantage:
It tends to focus on smaller community-based projects that are targeted to meet basic health and wellbeing needs and promote community development and participation

E.g.
The International Red Cross, which provides healthcare and disaster relief worldwide, is one of the world’s largest humanitarian organisations.

28

Aid programs addressing SDG 1: no poverty

Program: DFAT’s Aid for Trade Program

SDGs Addressed: SDG 1: No poverty

Type of aid involved: Bilateral and NGO aid (through DFAT and world vision)

Implementation:
- DFAT has a set target that aims to commit 20% of their foreign aid to Aid for Trade Program initiatives by 2020 as an investment into helping grow the economy for developing countries
- Aid for Trade also works with businesses in the private sector of many countries to shape the market so that it is more inclusive of poorer, smaller businesses (e.g local farmers)

29

Aid programs addressing SDG 2: zero hunger

Program: World Food Programme’s School Feeding Program

SDGs Addressed: SDG 2: zero hunger

Type of aid involved: Multilateral aid through UN, DFAT and World Vision

Implementation:
- WFP sets up canteens which provide children with hot food and nutritious snacks
- This also means more children will come to school
- Children who attend school regularly get an extra kilogram of rice and soybeans as well as cooking oil

30

Aid programs addressing SDG 3: good health and wellbeing

Program: Stop TB Partnership Program
SDGs addressed: SDG 3: good health and wellbeing

Type of aid involved: Multilateral aid through WHO, World bank and UN

Implementation:
- Stop TB makes use of the DOTS treatment which involves giving TB patients a 6-month course of antimicrobial drugs
- Other treatments such as the BCG vaccine for children and babies may be used
- Stop TB also encourages hospitals to adopt preventative measures for TB