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Flashcards in SAT 7 Deck (66):
1

Archetype

the original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based; a model or first form; prototype. | (in Jungian psychology) a collectively inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc., universally present in individual psyches. | a perfect or typical specimen | an original model or pattern; prototype | (psychoanal) one of the inherited mental images postulated by Jung as the content of the collective unconscious | a constantly recurring symbol or motif in literature, painting, etc

2

Clemency

the quality of being clement; disposition to show forbearance, compassion, or forgiveness in judging or punishing; leniency; mercy. | an act or deed showing mercy or leniency. | (of the weather) mildness or temperateness. | mercy or leniency | mildness, esp of the weather

3

Flout

to treat with disdain, scorn, or contempt; scoff at; mock: to flout the rules of propriety. | to show disdain, scorn, or contempt; scoff, mock, or gibe (often followed by at). | a disdainful, scornful, or contemptuous remark or act; insult; gibe. | when intr, usually foll by at. to show contempt (for); scoff or jeer (at)

4

Mendacious

telling lies, especially habitually; dishonest; lying; untruthful: a mendacious person. | false or untrue: a mendacious report.

5

Paucity

smallness of quantity; scarcity; scantiness: a country with a paucity of resources. | smallness or insufficiency of number; fewness. | smallness of quantity; insufficiency; dearth | smallness of number; fewness

6

Protean

readily assuming different forms or characters; extremely variable. | changeable in shape or form, as an amoeba. | (of an actor or actress) versatile; able to play many kinds of roles. | (initial capital letter) of, pertaining to, or suggestive of Proteus. | readily taking on various shapes or forms; variable

7

Sophomoric

of or pertaining to a sophomore or sophomores. | suggestive of or resembling the traditional sophomore; intellectually pretentious, overconfident, conceited, etc., but immature: sophomoric questions.

8

Venal

willing to sell one's influence, especially in return for a bribe; open to bribery; mercenary: a venal judge. | able to be purchased, as by a bribe: venal acquittals. | associated with or characterized by bribery: a venal administration; venal agreements. | easily bribed or corrupted; mercenary: a venal magistrate | characterized by corruption: a venal civilization | open to purchase, esp by bribery: a venal contract

9

Disparage

to speak of or treat slightingly; depreciate; belittle: Do not disparage good manners. | to bring reproach or discredit upon; lower the estimation of: Your behavior will disparage the whole family. | to speak contemptuously of; belittle | to damage the reputation of

10

Ingrate

an ungrateful person. | Archaic. ungrateful. | an ungrateful person | ungrateful

11

Peccadillo

a very minor or slight sin or offense; a trifling fault. | a petty sin or trifling fault

12

Soporific

causing or tending to cause sleep. | pertaining to or characterized by sleep or sleepiness; sleepy; drowsy. | something that causes sleep, as a medicine or drug. | inducing sleep | drowsy; sleepy | a drug or other agent that induces sleep

13

Veneer

a thin layer of wood or other material for facing or inlaying wood. | any of the thin layers of wood glued together to form plywood. | Building Trades. a facing of a certain material applied to a different one or to a type of construction not ordinarily associated with it, as a facing of brick applied to a frame house. | a superficially valuable or pleasing appearance: a cruel person with a veneer of kindliness. | to overlay or face (wood) with thin sheets of some material, as a fine wood, ivory, or tortoise shell. | to face or cover (an object) with any material that is more desirable as a surface material than the basic material of the object; revet. | to cement (layers of wood veneer) to form plywood. | to give a superficially valuable or pleasing appearance to. | a thin layer of wood, plastic, etc, with a decorative or fine finish that is bonded to the surface of a less expensive material, usually wood | a superficial appearance, esp one that is pleasing: a veneer of gentility

14

Articulate

uttered clearly in distinct syllables. | capable of speech; not speechless. | using language easily and fluently; having facility with words: an articulate speaker. | expressed, formulated, or presented with clarity and effectiveness: an articulate thought. | made clear, distinct, and precise in relation to other parts: an articulate form; an articulate shape; an articulate area. | (of ideas, form, etc.) having a meaningful relation to other parts: an articulate image. | having parts or distinct areas organized into a coherent or meaningful whole; unified: an articulate system of philosophy. | Zoology. having joints or articulations; composed of segments. | to utter clearly and distinctly; pronounce with clarity. | Phonetics. to make the movements and adjustments of the speech organs necessary to utter (a speech sound).

15

Disparity

lack of similarity or equality; inequality; difference: a disparity in age; disparity in rank. | inequality or difference, as in age, rank, wages, etc | dissimilarity

16

Fly-by-night

not reliable or responsible, especially in business; untrustworthy: a fly-by-night operation. | not lasting; brief; impermanent; transitory: a fly-by-night theater. | a person or thing that is unreliable, especially a debtor who evades or attempts to evade creditors. | a person regarded as a poor credit risk. | unreliable or untrustworthy, esp in finance | brief; impermanent | an untrustworthy person, esp one who departs secretly or by night to avoid paying debts | a person who goes out at night to places of entertainment

17

Inimical

adverse in tendency or effect; unfavorable; harmful: a climate inimical to health. | unfriendly; hostile: a cold, inimical gaze. | adverse or unfavourable | not friendly; hostile

18

Mercurial

changeable; volatile; fickle; flighty; erratic: a mercurial nature. | animated; lively; sprightly; quick-witted. | pertaining to, containing, or caused by the metal mercury. | (initial capital letter) of or pertaining to the god Mercury. | (initial capital letter) of or pertaining to the planet Mercury. | Pharmacology. a preparation of mercury used as a drug. | of, like, containing, or relating to mercury | volatile; lively: a mercurial temperament | (sometimes capital) of, like, or relating to the god or the planet Mercury | (med) any salt of mercury for use as a medicine

19

Pedant

a person who makes an excessive or inappropriate display of learning. | a person who overemphasizes rules or minor details. | a person who adheres rigidly to book knowledge without regard to common sense. | Obsolete. a schoolmaster. | a person who relies too much on academic learning or who is concerned chiefly with insignificant detail | (archaic) a schoolmaster or teacher

20

Venerate

to regard or treat with reverence; revere. | to hold in deep respect; revere | to honour in recognition of qualities of holiness, excellence, wisdom, etc

21

Artifice

a clever trick or stratagem; a cunning, crafty device or expedient; wile. | trickery; guile; craftiness. | cunning; ingenuity; inventiveness: a drawing-room comedy crafted with artifice and elegance. | a skillful or artful contrivance or expedient. | a clever expedient; ingenious stratagem | crafty or subtle deception | skill; cleverness | a skilfully contrived device | (obsolete) craftsmanship |

22

Coalesce

to grow together or into one body: The two lakes coalesced into one. | to unite so as to form one mass, community, etc.: The various groups coalesced into a crowd. | to blend or come together: Their ideas coalesced into one theory. | to cause to unite in one body or mass. | (intransitive) to unite or come together in one body or mass; merge; fuse; blend

23

Dispassionate

free from or unaffected by passion; devoid of personal feeling or bias; impartial; calm: a dispassionate critic. | devoid of or uninfluenced by emotion or prejudice; objective; impartial

24

Forensic

pertaining to, connected with, or used in courts of law or public discussion and debate. | adapted or suited to argumentation; rhetorical. | forensics, (used with a singular or plural verb) the art or study of argumentation and formal debate. | relating to, used in, or connected with a court of law: forensic science

25

Provincial

belonging or peculiar to some particular province; local: the provincial newspaper. | of or pertaining to the provinces : provincial customs; provincial dress. | having or showing the manners, viewpoints, etc., considered characteristic of unsophisticated inhabitants of a province; rustic; narrow or illiberal; parochial: a provincial point of view. | (often initial capital letter) Fine Arts. noting or pertaining to the styles of architecture, furniture, etc., found in the provinces, especially when imitating styles currently or formerly in fashion in or around the capital: Italian Provincial. | History/Historical. of or pertaining to any of the American provinces of Great Britain. | a person who lives in or comes from the provinces. | a person who lacks urban sophistication or broad-mindedness. | Ecclesiastical.
the head of an ecclesiastical province.
a member of a religious order presiding over the order in a given district or province. | of or connected with a province | characteristic of or connected with the provinces; local

26

Specious

apparently good or right though lacking real merit; superficially pleasing or plausible: specious arguments. | pleasing to the eye but deceptive. | Obsolete. pleasing to the eye; fair. | apparently correct or true, but actually wrong or false | deceptively attractive in appearance

27

Venial

able to be forgiven or pardoned; not seriously wrong, as a sin (opposed to mortal ). | excusable; trifling; minor: a venial error; a venial offense. | easily excused or forgiven: a venial error

28

Artisan

a person skilled in an applied art; a craftsperson. | a person or company that makes a high-quality or distinctive product in small quantities, usually by hand or using traditional methods: our favorite local food artisans. | pertaining to an artisan or the product of an artisan; artisanal: artisan beer. | a skilled workman; craftsman | (obsolete) an artist

29

Disseminating

to scatter or spread widely, as though sowing seed; promulgate extensively; broadcast; disperse: to disseminate information about preventive medicine. | (transitive) to distribute or scatter about; diffuse

30

Innocuous

not harmful or injurious; harmless: an innocuous home remedy. | not likely to irritate or offend; inoffensive; an innocuous remark. | not interesting, stimulating, or significant; pallid; insipid: an innocuous novel. | having little or no adverse or harmful effect; harmless

31

Prudent

wise or judicious in practical affairs; sagacious; discreet or circumspect; sober. | careful in providing for the future; provident: a prudent decision. | discreet or cautious in managing one's activities; circumspect | practical and careful in providing for the future | exercising good judgment or common sense

32

Veracity

habitual observance of truth in speech or statement; truthfulness: He was not noted for his veracity. | conformity to truth or fact; accuracy: to question the veracity of his account. | correctness or accuracy, as of the senses or of a scientific instrument. | something veracious; a truth. | truthfulness or honesty, esp when consistent or habitual | precision; accuracy | something true; a truth

33

Ascetic

a person who dedicates his or her life to a pursuit of contemplative ideals and practices extreme self-denial or self-mortification for religious reasons. | a person who leads an austerely simple life, especially one who abstains from the normal pleasures of life or denies himself or herself material satisfaction. | (in the early Christian church) a monk; hermit. | pertaining to asceticism. | rigorously abstinent; austere: an ascetic existence. | exceedingly strict or severe in religious exercises or self-mortification. | a person who practises great self-denial and austerities and abstains from worldly comforts and pleasures, esp for religious reasons | (in the early Christian Church) a monk | rigidly abstinent or abstemious; austere | of or relating to ascetics or asceticism

34

Diurnal

of or pertaining to a day or each day; daily. | of or belonging to the daytime (opposed to nocturnal ). | Botany. showing a periodic alteration of condition with day and night, as certain flowers that open by day and close by night. | active by day, as certain birds and insects (opposed to nocturnal ). | Liturgy. a service book containing offices for the daily hours of prayer. | Archaic. a diary. | Archaic. a newspaper, especially a daily one. | happening during the day or daily | (of flowers) open during the day and closed at night | (of animals) active during the day Compare nocturnal

35

Fortuitous

happening or produced by chance; accidental: a fortuitous encounter. | lucky; fortunate: a series of fortuitous events that advanced her career. | happening by chance, esp by a lucky chance; unplanned; accidental

36

Pejorative

having a disparaging, derogatory, or belittling effect or force: the pejorative affix-ling inprinceling. | a pejorative form or word, as poetaster. | (of words, expressions, etc) having an unpleasant or disparaging connotation | a pejorative word, expression, etc

37

Puerile

of or pertaining to a child or to childhood. | childishly foolish; immature or trivial: a puerile piece of writing. | exhibiting silliness; immature; trivial | of or characteristic of a child

38

Verbose

characterized by the use of many or too many words; wordy: a verbose report. | using or containing an excess of words, so as to be pedantic or boring; prolix

39

Assiduous

constant; unremitting: assiduous reading. | constant in application or effort; working diligently at a task; persevering; industrious; attentive: an assiduous student. | hard-working; persevering: an assiduous researcher | undertaken with perseverance and care: assiduous editing

40

Cogent

convincing or believable by virtue of forcible, clear, or incisive presentation; telling. | to the point; relevant; pertinent. | compelling belief or assent; forcefully convincing

41

Fractious

refractory or unruly: a fractious animal that would not submit to the harness. | readily angered; peevish; irritable; quarrelsome: an incorrigibly fractious young man. | irritable | unruly

42

Inscrutable

incapable of being investigated, analyzed, or scrutinized; impenetrable. | not easily understood; mysterious; unfathomable: an inscrutable smile. | incapable of being seen through physically; physically impenetrable: the inscrutable depths of the ocean. | incomprehensible; mysterious or enigmatic

43

Mettle

courage and fortitude: a man of mettle. | disposition or temperament: a man of fine mettle. | on one's mettle, in the position of being incited to do one's best: The loss of the first round put him on his mettle to win the match. | courage; spirit | inherent character | on one's mettle, roused to putting forth one's best efforts

44

Pellucid

allowing the maximum passage of light, as glass; translucent. | clear or limpid: pellucid waters. | clear in meaning, expression, or style: a pellucid way of writing. | transparent or translucent | extremely clear in style and meaning; limpid

45

Punctilious

extremely attentive to punctilios; strict or exact in the observance of the formalities or amenities of conduct or actions. | paying scrupulous attention to correctness in etiquette | attentive to detail

46

Spurious

not genuine, authentic, or true; not from the claimed, pretended, or proper source; counterfeit. | Biology. (of two or more parts, plants, etc.) having a similar appearance but a different structure. | of illegitimate birth; bastard. | not genuine or real | (of a plant part or organ) having the appearance of another part but differing from it in origin, development, or function; false: a spurious fruit | (of radiation) produced at an undesired frequency by a transmitter, causing interference, etc | (rare) illegitimate

47

Verbosity

the state or quality of being verbose; superfluity of words; wordiness: His speeches were always marred by verbosity.

48

Assuage

to make milder or less severe; relieve; ease; mitigate: to assuage one's grief; to assuage one's pain. | to appease; satisfy; allay; relieve: to assuage one's hunger. | to soothe, calm, or mollify: to assuage his fears; to assuage her anger. | to soothe, moderate, or relieve (grief, pain, etc) | to give relief to (thirst, appetite, etc); satisfy | to pacify; calm

49

Insentient

not sentient; without sensation or feeling; inanimate. | (rare) lacking consciousness or senses; inanimate

50

Milieu

surroundings, especially of a social or cultural nature: a snobbish milieu. | surroundings, location, or setting

51

Purloin

to take dishonestly; steal; filch; pilfer. | to commit theft; steal. | to take (something) dishonestly; steal

52

Stagnant

not flowing or running, as water, air, etc. | stale or foul from standing, as a pool of water. | characterized by lack of development, advancement, or progressive movement: a stagnant economy. | inactive, sluggish, or dull. | (of water, etc) standing still; without flow or current | brackish and foul from standing still | stale, sluggish, or dull from inaction | not growing or developing; static

53

Vertigo

a dizzying sensation of tilting within stable surroundings or of being in tilting or spinning surroundings. | (pathol) a sensation of dizziness or abnormal motion resulting from a disorder of the sense of balance

54

Astute

of keen penetration or discernment; sagacious: an astute analysis. | clever; cunning; ingenious; shrewd: an astute merchandising program; an astute manipulation of facts. | having insight or acumen; perceptive; shrewd

55

Collage

a technique of composing a work of art by pasting on a single surface various materials not normally associated with one another, as newspaper clippings, parts of photographs, theater tickets, and fragments of an envelope. | a work of art produced by this technique. Compare assemblage (def 3). | an assemblage or occurrence of diverse elements or fragments in unlikely or unexpected juxtaposition: The experimental play is a collage of sudden scene shifts, long monologues, musical interludes, and slapstick. | a film that presents a series of seemingly unrelated scenes or images or shifts from one scene or image to another suddenly and without transition. | to make a collage of: The artist has collaged old photos, cartoon figures, and telephone numbers into a unique work of art. | an art form in which compositions are made out of pieces of paper, cloth, photographs, and other miscellaneous objects, juxtaposed and pasted on a dry ground | a composition made in this way | any work, such as a piece of music, created by combining unrelated styles

56

Dogmatic

of, pertaining to, or of the nature of a dogma or dogmas; doctrinal. | asserting opinions in a doctrinaire or arrogant manner; opinionated. | (of a statement, opinion, etc) forcibly asserted as if authoritative and unchallengeable
(of a person) prone to making such statements | of, relating to, or constituting dogma: dogmatic writings | based on assumption rather than empirical observation

57

Insipid

without distinctive, interesting, or stimulating qualities; vapid: an insipid personality. | without sufficient taste to be pleasing, as food or drink; bland: a rather insipid soup. | lacking spirit; boring | lacking taste; unpalatable

58

Mire

a tract or area of wet, swampy ground; bog; marsh. | ground of this kind, as wet, slimy soil of some depth or deep mud. | to plunge and fix in mire; cause to stick fast in mire. | to involve; entangle. | to soil with mire; bespatter with mire. | to sink in mire or mud; stick. | a boggy or marshy area | mud, muck, or dirt | to sink or cause to sink in a mire | (transitive) to make dirty or muddy

59

Penury

extreme poverty; destitution. | scarcity; dearth; inadequacy; insufficiency. | extreme poverty | extreme scarcity

60

Pusillanimous

lacking courage or resolution; cowardly; faint-hearted; timid. | proceeding from or indicating a cowardly spirit. | characterized by a lack of courage or determination

61

Staid

of settled or sedate character; not flighty or capricious. | fixed, settled, or permanent. | Archaic. a simple past tense and past participle of stay1. | to spend some time in a place, in a situation, with a person or group, etc.: He stayed in the army for ten years. | to continue to be as specified, as to condition or state: to stay clean. | to hold out or endure, as in a contest or task (followed by with or at): Please stay with the project as long as you can. | to keep up, as with a competitor (followed by with). | Poker. to continue in a hand by matching an ante, bet, or raise. | to stop or halt. | to pause or wait, as for a moment, before proceeding or continuing; linger or tarry.

62

Vestigial

of, pertaining to, or of the nature of a vestige: a vestigial tail. | of, relating to, or being a vestige | (of certain organs or parts of organisms) having attained a simple structure and reduced size and function during the evolution of the species: the vestigial pelvic girdle of a snake

63

Collate

to gather or arrange in their proper sequence (the pages of a report, the sheets of a book, the pages of several sets of copies, etc.). | Bookbinding. to verify the arrangement of (the gathered sheets of a book), usually by inspecting the signature at the foot of the first page of each sheet or the mark printed on the back of each sheet or on the spine of each signature. | to compare (texts, statements, etc.) in order to note points of agreement or disagreement. | Bibliography. to verify the number and order of the sheets of (a volume) as a means of determining its completeness. | Computers. to merge (sequenced data from two or more data sets or files) to produce a new sequenced data set or file. | Ecclesiastical. to present by collation, as to a benefice. | to examine and compare (texts, statements, etc) in order to note points of agreement and disagreement | (in library work) to check the number and order of (the pages of a book) | (bookbinding)
to check the sequence of (the sections of a book) after gathering
a nontechnical word for gather (sense 9) | (often foll by to) (Christianity) to appoint (an incumbent) to a benefice

64

Instigate

to cause by incitement; foment: to instigate a quarrel. | to urge, provoke, or incite to some action or course: to instigate the people to revolt. | to bring about, as by incitement or urging: to instigate rebellion | to urge on to some drastic or inadvisable action

65

Perceptive

having or showing keenness of insight, understanding, or intuition: a perceptive analysis of the problems involved. | having the power or faculty of perceiving. | of, pertaining to, or showing perception. | quick at perceiving; observant | perceptual | able to perceive

66

Vignette

a decorative design or small illustration used on the title page of a book or at the beginning or end of a chapter. | an engraving, drawing, photograph, or the like that is shaded off gradually at the edges so as to leave no definite line at the border. | a decorative design representing branches, leaves, grapes, or the like, as in a manuscript. | any small, pleasing picture or view. | a small, graceful literary sketch. | Photography. to finish (a picture, photograph, etc.) in the manner of a vignette. | a small illustration placed at the beginning or end of a book or chapter | a short graceful literary essay or sketch | a photograph, drawing, etc, with edges that are shaded off | (architect) a carved ornamentation that has a design based upon tendrils, leaves, etc