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Flashcards in SAT 8 Deck (55):
1

Colloquial

characteristic of or appropriate to ordinary or familiar conversation rather than formal speech or writing; informal. | involving or using conversation. | of or relating to conversation | denoting or characterized by informal or conversational idiom or vocabulary Compare informal

2

Dotard

a person, especially an old person, exhibiting a decline in mental faculties; a weak-minded or foolish old person. | doater2. | a person who is weak-minded, esp through senility

3

Furrow

a narrow groove made in the ground, especially by a plow. | a narrow groovelike or trenchlike depression in any surface: the furrows of a wrinkled face. | to make a furrow or furrows in. | to make wrinkles in (the face): to furrow one's brow. | to become furrowed. | a long narrow trench made in the ground by a plough or a trench resembling this | any long deep groove, esp a deep wrinkle on the forehead | to develop or cause to develop furrows or wrinkles | to make a furrow or furrows in (land) |

4

Misnomer

a misapplied or inappropriate name or designation. | an error in naming a person or thing. | an incorrect or unsuitable name or term for a person or thing | the act of referring to a person by the wrong name

5

Percipient

perceiving or capable of perceiving. | having perception; discerning; discriminating: a percipient choice of wines. | a person or thing that perceives. | able to perceive | perceptive | a person or thing that perceives

6

Quaff

to drink a beverage, especially an intoxicating one, copiously and with hearty enjoyment. | to drink (a beverage) copiously and heartily: We spent the whole evening quaffing ale. | an act or instance of quaffing. | a beverage quaffed. | to drink heartily or in one draught

7

Vilification

to speak ill of; defame; slander. | Obsolete. to make vile. | to revile with abusive or defamatory language; malign: he has been vilified in the tabloid press | (rare) to make vile; debase; degrade

8

Atrophy

Also, atrophia [uh-troh-fee-uh] /??tro? fi ?/ (Show IPA). Pathology. a wasting away of the body or of an organ or part, as from defective nutrition or nerve damage. | degeneration, decline, or decrease, as from disuse: He argued that there was a progressive atrophy of freedom and independence of thought. | to affect with or undergo atrophy. | a wasting away of an organ or part, or a failure to grow to normal size as the result of disease, faulty nutrition, etc | any degeneration or diminution, esp through lack of use | to waste away or cause to waste away

9

Collusion

a secret agreement, especially for fraudulent or treacherous purposes; conspiracy: Some of his employees were acting in collusion to rob him. | Law. a secret understanding between two or more persons to gain something illegally, to defraud another of his or her rights, or to appear as adversaries though in agreement: collusion of husband and wife to obtain a divorce. | secret agreement for a fraudulent purpose; connivance; conspiracy | a secret agreement between opponents at law in order to obtain a judicial decision for some wrongful or improper purpose

10

Furtive

taken, done, used, etc., surreptitiously or by stealth; secret: a furtive glance. | sly; shifty: a furtive manner. | characterized by stealth; sly and secretive

11

Perdition

a state of final spiritual ruin; loss of the soul; damnation. | the future state of the wicked. | hell (def 1). | utter destruction or ruin. | Obsolete, loss. | (Christianity)
final and irrevocable spiritual ruin
this state as one that the wicked are said to be destined to endure for ever | another word for hell | (archaic) utter disaster, ruin, or destruction

12

Vindicate

to clear, as from an accusation, imputation, suspicion, or the like: to vindicate someone's honor. | to afford justification for; justify: Subsequent events vindicated his policy. | to uphold or justify by argument or evidence: to vindicate a claim. | to assert, maintain, or defend (a right, cause, etc.) against opposition. | to claim for oneself or another. | Roman and Civil Law. to regain possession, under claim of title of property through legal procedure, or to assert one's right to possession. | to get revenge for; avenge. | Obsolete. to deliver from; liberate. | Obsolete. to punish. | to clear from guilt, accusation, blame, etc, as by evidence or argument

13

Attenuate

to weaken or reduce in force, intensity, effect, quantity, or value: to attenuate desire. | to make thin; make slender or fine. | Bacteriology, Immunology. to render less virulent, as a strain of pathogenic virus or bacterium. | Electronics. to decrease the amplitude of (an electronic signal). | to become thin or fine; lessen. | weakened; diminishing. | Botany. tapering gradually to a narrow extremity. | to weaken or become weak; reduce in size, strength, density, or value | to make or become thin or fine; extend | (transitive) to make (a pathogenic bacterium, virus, etc) less virulent, as by culture in special media or exposure to heat

14

Interminable

incapable of being terminated; unending: an interminable job. | monotonously or annoyingly protracted or continued; unceasing; incessant: I can't stand that interminable clatter. | having no limits: an interminable desert. | endless or seemingly endless because of monotony or tiresome length

15

Peremptory

leaving no opportunity for denial or refusal; imperative: a peremptory command. | imperious or dictatorial. | positive or assertive in speech, tone, manner, etc. | Law.
that precludes or does not admit of debate, question, etc.: a peremptory edict.

decisive or final.
in which a command is absolute and unconditional: a peremptory writ. | urgent or commanding: a peremptory ring on the bell | not able to be remitted or debated; decisive | positive or assured in speech, manner, etc; dogmatic | (law)
admitting of no denial or contradiction; precluding debate
obligatory rather than permissive

16

Stevedore

a firm or individual engaged in the loading or unloading of a vessel. | to load or unload the cargo of (a ship). | to load or unload a vessel. | a person employed to load or unload ships | to load or unload (a ship, ship's cargo, etc)

17

Complacent

pleased, especially with oneself or one's merits, advantages, situation, etc., often without awareness of some potential danger or defect; self-satisfied: The voters are too complacent to change the government. | pleasant; complaisant. | pleased or satisfied, esp extremely self-satisfied | an obsolete word for complaisant

18

Droll

amusing in an odd way; whimsically humorous; waggish. | a droll person; jester; wag. | Archaic. to jest; joke. | amusing in a quaint or odd manner; comical

19

Galleon

a large sailing vessel of the 15th to the 17th centuries used as a fighting or merchant ship, square-rigged on the foremast and mainmast and generally lateen-rigged on one or two after masts. | (nautical) a large sailing ship having three or more masts, lateen-rigged on the after masts and square-rigged on the foremast and mainmast, used as a warship or trader from the 15th to the 18th centuries

20

Mitigate

to lessen in force or intensity, as wrath, grief, harshness, or pain; moderate. | to make less severe: to mitigate a punishment. | to make (a person, one's state of mind, disposition, etc.) milder or more gentle; mollify; appease. | to become milder; lessen in severity. | to make or become less severe or harsh; moderate

21

Perfidy

deliberate breach of faith or trust; faithlessness; treachery: perfidy that goes unpunished. | an act or instance of faithlessness or treachery. | a perfidious act

22

Quandary

a state of perplexity or uncertainty, especially as to what to do; dilemma. | a situation or circumstance that presents problems difficult to solve; predicament; dilemma

23

Virulent

actively poisonous; intensely noxious: a virulent insect bite. | Medicine/Medical. highly infective; malignant or deadly. | Bacteriology. causing clinical symptoms. | violently or spitefully hostile. | intensely bitter, spiteful, or malicious: a virulent attack. | (of a microorganism) extremely infective
(of a disease) having a rapid course and violent effect | extremely poisonous, injurious, etc | extremely bitter, hostile, etc

24

Gambol

to skip about, as in dancing or playing; frolic. | a skipping or frisking about; frolic. | (intransitive) to skip or jump about in a playful manner; frolic | a playful antic; frolic

25

Intransigence

the state or quality of being intransigent, or refusing to compromise or agree; inflexibility: No agreement was reached because of intransigence on both sides.

26

Perfunctory

performed merely as a routine duty; hasty and superficial: perfunctory courtesy. | lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; indifferent or apathetic: In his lectures he reveals himself to be merely a perfunctory speaker. | done superficially, only as a matter of routine; careless or cursory | dull or indifferent

27

Concatenate

to link together; unite in a series or chain. | linked together, as in a chain. | (transitive) to link or join together, esp in a chain or series | linked or joined together

28

Intransigent

refusing to agree or compromise; uncompromising; inflexible. | a person who refuses to agree or compromise, as in politics. | not willing to compromise; obstinately maintaining an attitude | an intransigent person, esp in politics

29

Peripatetic

walking or traveling about; itinerant. | (initial capital letter) of or pertaining to Aristotle, who taught philosophy while walking in the Lyceum of ancient Athens. | (initial capital letter) of or pertaining to the Aristotelian school of philosophy. | a person who walks or travels about. | (initial capital letter) a member of the Aristotelian school. | itinerant | (Brit) employed in two or more educational establishments and travelling from one to another: a peripatetic football coach | a peripatetic person | of or relating to the teachings of Aristotle, who used to teach philosophy while walking about the Lyceum in ancient Athens | a student of Aristotelianism

30

Concatenation

the act of concatenating. | the state of being concatenated; connection, as in a chain. | a series of interconnected or interdependent things or events. | a series of interconnected events, concepts, etc | the act of linking together or the state of being joined | (logic) a function that forms a single string of symbols from two given strings by placing the second after the first

31

Intrepid

resolutely fearless; dauntless: an intrepid explorer. | fearless; daring; bold

32

Peripheral

pertaining to, situated in, or constituting the periphery : peripheral resistance on the outskirts of the battle area. | concerned with relatively minor, irrelevant, or superficial aspects of the subject in question. | Anatomy. near the surface or outside of; external. | Computers. of or pertaining to a peripheral. | Computers. a device or unit that operates separately from the CPU but is connected to it, as a magnetic disk or tape unit or a printer. | not relating to the most important part of something; incidental, minor, or superficial | of, relating to, or of the nature of a periphery | (anatomy) of, relating to, or situated near the surface of the body: a peripheral nerve

33

Querulous

full of complaints; complaining. | characterized by or uttered in complaint; peevish: a querulous tone; constant querulous reminders of things to be done. | inclined to make whining or peevish complaints | characterized by or proceeding from a complaining fretful attitude or disposition: a querulous tone

34

Stolid

not easily stirred or moved mentally; unemotional; impassive. | showing little or no emotion or interest

35

Conciliate

to overcome the distrust or hostility of; placate; win over: to conciliate an angry competitor. | to win or gain (goodwill, regard, or favor). | to make compatible; reconcile. | to become agreeable or reconciled: Efforts to conciliate in the dispute proved fruitless. | to overcome the hostility of; placate; win over | to win or gain (favour, regard, etc), esp by making friendly overtures | (archaic) to make compatible; reconcile

36

Garner

to gather or deposit in or as if in a granary or other storage place. | to get; acquire; earn: He gradually garnered a national reputation as a financial expert. | to gather, collect, or hoard. | a granary or grain bin. | a store or supply of anything. | John Nance [nans] /næns/ (Show IPA), 1868–1967, vice president of the U.S. 1933–41. | to gather or store in or as if in a granary | an archaic word for granary | (archaic) a place for storage or safekeeping | Erroll. 1921–77, US jazz pianist and composer, noted for the jazz standard 'Misty' (1954)

37

Inveterate

settled or confirmed in a habit, practice, feeling, or the like: an inveterate gambler. | firmly established by long continuance, as a disease, habit, practice, feeling, etc.; chronic. | long established, esp so as to be deep-rooted or ingrained: an inveterate feeling of hostility | (prenominal) settled or confirmed in a habit or practice, esp a bad one; hardened: an inveterate smoker | (obsolete) full of hatred; hostile

38

Moratorium

a suspension of activity: a moratorium on the testing of nuclear weapons. | a legally authorized period to delay payment of money due or the performance of some other legal obligation, as in an emergency. | an authorized period of delay or waiting. | a legally authorized postponement of the fulfilment of an obligation | an agreed suspension of activity

39

Perjury

the willful giving of false testimony under oath or affirmation, before a competent tribunal, upon a point material to a legal inquiry. | (criminal law) the offence committed by a witness in judicial proceedings who, having been lawfully sworn or having affirmed, wilfully gives false evidence

40

Banal

devoid of freshness or originality; hackneyed; trite: a banal and sophomoric treatment of courage on the frontier. | lacking force or originality; trite; commonplace

41

Ebullient

overflowing with fervor, enthusiasm, or excitement; high-spirited: The award winner was in an ebullient mood at the dinner in her honor. | bubbling up like a boiling liquid. | overflowing with enthusiasm or excitement; exuberant | boiling

42

Garrulous

excessively talkative in a rambling, roundabout manner, especially about trivial matters. | wordy or diffuse: a garrulous and boring speech. | given to constant and frivolous chatter; loquacious; talkative | wordy or diffuse; prolix

43

Invidious

calculated to create ill will or resentment or give offense; hateful: invidious remarks. | offensively or unfairly discriminating; injurious: invidious comparisons. | causing or tending to cause animosity, resentment, or envy: an invidious honor. | Obsolete, envious. | incurring or tending to arouse resentment, unpopularity, etc: an invidious task | (of comparisons or distinctions) unfairly or offensively discriminating | (obsolete) grudging; envious

44

Moribund

in a dying state; near death. | on the verge of extinction or termination. | not progressing or advancing; stagnant: a moribund political party. | near death | stagnant; without force or vitality

45

Pernicious

causing insidious harm or ruin; ruinous; injurious; hurtful: pernicious teachings; a pernicious lie. | deadly; fatal: a pernicious disease. | Obsolete. evil; wicked. | wicked or malicious: pernicious lies | causing grave harm; deadly

46

Ramble

to wander around in a leisurely, aimless manner: They rambled through the shops until closing time. | to take a course with many turns or windings, as a stream or path. | to grow in a random, unsystematic fashion: The vine rambled over the walls and tree trunks. | to talk or write in a discursive, aimless way (usually followed by on): The speaker rambled on with anecdote after anecdote. | to walk aimlessly or idly over or through: They spent the spring afternoon rambling woodland paths. | a walk without a definite route, taken merely for pleasure. | to stroll about freely, as for relaxation, with no particular direction | (of paths, streams, etc) to follow a winding course; meander | (of plants) to grow in a random fashion | (of speech, writing, etc) to lack organization

47

Strident

making or having a harsh sound; grating; creaking: strident insects; strident hinges. | having a shrill, irritating quality or character: a strident tone in his writings. | Linguistics. (in distinctive feature analysis) characterized acoustically by noise of relatively high intensity, as sibilants, labiodental and uvular fricatives, and most affricates. | (of a shout, voice, etc) having or making a loud or harsh sound | urgent, clamorous, or vociferous: strident demands

48

Vociferous

crying out noisily; clamorous. | characterized by or uttered with vociferation : a vociferous manner of expression. | characterized by vehemence, clamour, or noisiness: vociferous protests | making an outcry or loud noises; clamorous: a vociferous mob

49

Banality

the condition or quality of being banal, or devoid of freshness or originality: the banality of everyday life. | an instance of this: We sat around the dinner table exchanging banalities.

50

Inviolable

prohibiting violation; secure from destruction, violence, infringement, or desecration: an inviolable sanctuary; an inviolable promise. | incapable of being violated; incorruptible; unassailable: inviolable secrecy. | that must not or cannot be transgressed, dishonoured, or broken; to be kept sacred: an inviolable oath

51

Morose

gloomily or sullenly ill-humored, as a person or mood. | characterized by or expressing gloom. | ill-tempered or gloomy

52

Persnickety

overparticular; fussy. | snobbish or having the aloof attitude of a snob. | requiring painstaking care. | excessively precise and attentive to detail; fussy | (of a task) requiring close attention; exacting | the US word for pernickety

53

Ramifications

the act or process of ramifying. | a branch: ramifications of a nerve. | a related or derived subject, problem, etc.; outgrowth; consequence; implication: The new tax law proved to have many ramifications unforeseen by the lawmakers. | Botany.
a structure formed of branches.
a configuration of branching parts. | the act or process of ramifying or branching out | an offshoot or subdivision | (often pl) a subsidiary consequence, esp one that complicates | a structure of branching parts

54

Stringent

rigorously binding or exacting; strict; severe: stringent laws. | compelling, constraining, or urgent: stringent necessity. | convincing or forcible: stringent arguments. | (of the money market) characterized by a shortage in money for loan or investment purposes; tight. | requiring strict attention to rules, procedure, detail, etc | (finance) characterized by or causing a shortage of credit, loan capital, etc

55

Volatile

evaporating rapidly; passing off readily in the form of vapor: Acetone is a volatile solvent. | tending or threatening to break out into open violence; explosive: a volatile political situation. | changeable; mercurial; flighty: a volatile disposition. | (of prices, values, etc.) tending to fluctuate sharply and regularly: volatile market conditions. | fleeting; transient: volatile beauty. | Computers. of or pertaining to storage that does not retain data when electrical power is turned off or fails. | able to fly or flying. | a volatile substance, as a gas or solvent. | (of a substance) capable of readily changing from a solid or liquid form to a vapour; having a high vapour pressure and a low boiling point | (of persons) disposed to caprice or inconstancy; fickle; mercurial