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Flashcards in SAT 3 Deck (39):
1

Alacrity

cheerful readiness, promptness, or willingness: We accepted the invitation with alacrity. | liveliness; briskness. | liveliness or briskness

2

Burgeon

to grow or develop quickly; flourish: The town burgeoned into a city. He burgeoned into a fine actor. | to begin to grow, as a bud; put forth buds, shoots, etc., as a plant (often followed by out, forth). | to put forth, as buds. | a bud; sprout. | often foll by forth or out. (of a plant) to sprout (buds) | (intransitive; often foll by forth or out) to develop or grow rapidly; flourish | a bud of a plant

3

Deleterious

injurious to health: deleterious gases. | harmful; injurious: deleterious influences. | harmful; injurious; hurtful

4

Postulate

to ask, demand, or claim. | to claim or assume the existence or truth of, especially as a basis for reasoning or arguing. | to assume without proof, or as self-evident; take for granted. | Mathematics, Logic. to assume as a postulate. | something taken as self-evident or assumed without proof as a basis for reasoning. | Mathematics, Logic. a proposition that requires no proof, being self-evident, or that is for a specific purpose assumed true, and that is used in the proof of other propositions; axiom. | a fundamental principle. | a necessary condition; prerequisite. | to assume to be true or existent; take for granted | to ask, demand, or claim

5

Tractable

easily managed or controlled; docile; yielding: a tractable child; a tractable disposition. | easily worked, shaped, or otherwise handled; malleable. | easily controlled or persuaded | readily worked; malleable

6

Burnish

to polish (a surface) by friction. | to make smooth and bright. | Engraving. to flatten and enlarge the dots of (a halftone) by rubbing with a tool. | gloss; brightness; luster: the burnish of brass andirons. | to make or become shiny or smooth by friction; polish | a shiny finish; lustre

7

Euphony

agreeableness of sound; pleasing effect to the ear, especially a pleasant sounding or harmonious combination or succession of words: the majestic euphony of Milton's poetry. | the alteration of speech sounds, esp by assimilation, so as to make them easier to pronounce | a pleasing sound, esp in speech

8

Iconoclast

a person who attacks cherished beliefs, traditional institutions, etc., as being based on error or superstition. | a breaker or destroyer of images, especially those set up for religious veneration. | a person who attacks established or traditional concepts, principles, laws, etc | a destroyer of religious images or sacred objects
an adherent of the heretical movement within the Greek Orthodox Church from 725 to 842 ad, which aimed at the destruction of icons and religious images

9

Levity

lightness of mind, character, or behavior; lack of appropriate seriousness or earnestness. | an instance or exhibition of this. | fickleness. | lightness in weight. | inappropriate lack of seriousness | fickleness or instability | (archaic) lightness in weight

10

Olfactory

of or pertaining to the sense of smell: olfactory organs. | Usually, olfactories. an olfactory organ. | olfactory nerve. | of or relating to the sense of smell | (usually pl) an organ or nerve concerned with the sense of smell

11

Potable

fit or suitable for drinking: potable water. | Usually, potables. drinkable liquids; beverages. | fit to drink; drinkable | something fit to drink; a beverage

12

Buttress

any external prop or support built to steady a structure by opposing its outward thrusts, especially a projecting support built into or against the outside of a masonry wall. | any prop or support. | a thing shaped like a buttress, as a tree trunk with a widening base. | a bony or horny protuberance, especially on a horse's hoof. | to support by a buttress; prop up. | to give encouragement or support to (a person, plan, etc.). | Also called pier. a construction, usually of brick or stone, built to support a wall See also flying buttress | any support or prop | something shaped like a buttress, such as a projection from a mountainside | either of the two pointed rear parts of a horse's hoof

13

Libertarian

a person who advocates liberty, especially with regard to thought or conduct. | a person who maintains the doctrine of free will (distinguished from necessitarian ). | advocating liberty or conforming to principles of liberty. | maintaining the doctrine of free will. | a believer in freedom of thought, expression, etc | (philosophy) a believer in the doctrine of free will Compare determinism | of, relating to, or characteristic of a libertarian

14

Allay

to put (fear, doubt, suspicion, anger, etc.) to rest; calm; quiet. | to lessen or relieve; mitigate; alleviate: to allay pain. | to relieve (pain, grief, etc) or be relieved | (transitive) to reduce (fear, anger, etc)

15

Byline

a printed line accompanying a news story, article, or the like, giving the author's name. | to accompany with a byline: Was the newspaper report bylined or was it anonymous?

16

Demur

to make objection, especially on the grounds of scruples; take exception; object: They wanted to make him the treasurer, but he demurred. | Law. to interpose a demurrer. | Archaic. to linger; hesitate. | the act of making objection. | an objection raised. | hesitation. | Law. Obsolete. a demurrer. | to raise objections or show reluctance; object | (law) to raise an objection by entering a demurrer | (archaic) to hesitate; delay

17

Ignominious

marked by or attended with ignominy; discreditable; humiliating: an ignominious retreat. | bearing or deserving ignominy; contemptible.

18

Liniment

a liquid or semiliquid preparation for rubbing on or applying to the skin, as for sprains or bruises, usually soothing or counterirritating. | a medicated liquid, usually containing alcohol, camphor, and an oil, applied to the skin to relieve pain, stiffness, etc

19

Omnipotent

almighty or infinite in power, as God. | having very great or unlimited authority or power. | an omnipotent being. | the Omnipotent, God. | having very great or unlimited power | the Omnipotent, an epithet for God

20

Transgress

to violate a law, command, moral code, etc.; offend; sin. | to pass over or go beyond (a limit, boundary, etc.): to transgress bounds of prudence. | to go beyond the limits imposed by (a law, command, etc.); violate; infringe: to transgress the will of God. | to break (a law, rule, etc) | to go beyond or overstep (a limit)

21

Ignominy

disgrace; dishonor; public contempt. | shameful or dishonorable quality or conduct or an instance of this. | disgrace or public shame; dishonour | a cause of disgrace; a shameful act

22

Sacrosanct

extremely sacred or inviolable: a sacrosanct chamber in the temple. | not to be entered or trespassed upon: She considered her home office sacrosanct. | above or beyond criticism, change, or interference: a manuscript deemed sacrosanct. | very sacred or holy; inviolable

23

Altruism

the principle or practice of unselfish concern for or devotion to the welfare of others (opposed to egoism ). | Animal Behavior. behavior by an animal that may be to its disadvantage but that benefits others of its kind, as a warning cry that reveals the location of the caller to a predator. | the principle or practice of unselfish concern for the welfare of others | the philosophical doctrine that right action is that which produces the greatest benefit to others

24

Exculpate

to clear from a charge of guilt or fault; free from blame; vindicate. | (transitive) to free from blame or guilt; vindicate or exonerate

25

Lobbyist

a person who tries to influence legislation on behalf of a special interest; a member of a lobby. | a person employed by a particular interest to lobby

26

Onus

a difficult or disagreeable obligation, task, burden, etc. | burden of proof. Compare onus probandi. | blame or responsibility. | the burden of proof. | a responsibility, task, or burden | (law) the Latin phrase for burden of proof

27

Precarious

dependent on circumstances beyond one's control; uncertain; unstable; insecure: a precarious livelihood. | dependent on the will or pleasure of another; liable to be withdrawn or lost at the will of another: He held a precarious tenure under an arbitrary administration. | exposed to or involving danger; dangerous; perilous; risky: the precarious life of an underseas diver. | having insufficient, little, or no foundation: a precarious assumption. | liable to failure or catastrophe; insecure; perilous | (archaic) dependent on another's will

28

Sagacious

having or showing acute mental discernment and keen practical sense; shrewd: a sagacious lawyer. | Obsolete. keen of scent. | having or showing sagacity; wise | (obsolete) (of hounds) having an acute sense of smell

29

Amass

to gather for oneself; collect as one's own: to amass a huge amount of money. | to collect into a mass or pile; gather: He amassed his papers for his memoirs. | to come together; assemble: crowds amassing for the parade. | (transitive) to accumulate or collect (esp riches, etc) | to gather in a heap; bring together

30

Callow

immature or inexperienced: a callow youth. | (of a young bird) featherless; unfledged. | a recently hatched worker ant. | lacking experience of life; immature | (rare) (of a young bird) unfledged and usually lacking feathers | Simon. born 1949, British actor and theatre director

31

Execrable

utterly detestable; abominable; abhorrent. | very bad: an execrable stage performance. | deserving to be execrated; abhorrent | of very poor quality: an execrable meal

32

Exegesis

critical explanation or interpretation of a text or portion of a text, especially of the Bible. | explanation or critical interpretation of a text, esp of the Bible Compare eisegesis

33

Immutable

not mutable; unchangeable; changeless. | unchanging through time; unalterable; ageless: immutable laws

34

Precept

a commandment or direction given as a rule of action or conduct. | an injunction as to moral conduct; maxim. | a procedural directive or rule, as for the performance of some technical operation. | Law.
a writ or warrant.
a written order issued pursuant to law, as a sheriff's order for an election. | a rule or principle for action | a guide or rule for morals; maxim | a direction, esp for a technical operation | (law)
a writ or warrant
a written order to a sheriff to arrange an election, the empanelling of a jury, etc
(in England) an order to collect money under a rate

35

Salacious

lustful or lecherous. | (of writings, pictures, etc.) obscene; grossly indecent. | having an excessive interest in sex | (of books, magazines, etc) erotic, bawdy, or lewd

36

Trite

lacking in freshness or effectiveness because of constant use or excessive repetition; hackneyed; stale: the trite phrases in his letter. | characterized by hackneyed expressions, ideas, etc.: The commencement address was trite and endlessly long. | Archaic. rubbed or worn by use. | hackneyed; dull: a trite comment | (archaic) frayed or worn out

37

Ordain

to invest with ministerial or sacerdotal functions; confer holy orders upon. | to enact or establish by law, edict, etc.: to ordain a new type of government. | to decree; give orders for: He ordained that the restrictions were to be lifted. | (of God, fate, etc.) to destine or predestine: Fate had ordained the meeting. | to order or command: Thus do the gods ordain. | to select for or appoint to an office. | to invest someone with sacerdotal functions. | to consecrate (someone) as a priest; confer holy orders upon | (may take a clause as object) to decree, appoint, or predestine irrevocably | (may take a clause as object) to order, establish, or enact with authority

38

Precinct

a district, as of a city, marked out for governmental or administrative purposes, or for police protection. | Also called precinct house. the police station in such a district. | Also called election district. one of a fixed number of districts, each containing one polling place, into which a city, town, etc., is divided for voting purposes. | a space or place of definite or understood limits. | Often, precincts. an enclosing boundary or limit. | precincts, the parts or regions immediately surrounding a place; environs: the precincts of a town. | Chiefly British. the ground immediately surrounding a church, temple, or the like. | a walled or otherwise bounded or limited space within which a building or place is situated. | an enclosed area or building marked by a fixed boundary such as a wall
such a boundary | an area in a town, often closed to traffic, that is designed or reserved for a particular purpose: a shopping precinct, pedestrian precinct

39

Sallow

of a sickly, yellowish color: sallow cheeks; a sallow complexion. | to make sallow. | any of several shrubby Old World willows, especially Salix atrocinerea or the pussy willow, S. caprea. | (esp of human skin) of an unhealthy pale or yellowish colour | (transitive) to make sallow | any of several small willow trees, esp the Eurasian Salix cinerea (common sallow), which has large catkins that appear before the leaves | a twig or the wood of any of these trees