Scenario 17 - haemolytic anaemia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Scenario 17 - haemolytic anaemia Deck (7)
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1

Recall one blood marker that will be very high in haemolytic anaemia?

Creatinine

2

What would be seen on a blood film in haemolytic anaemia?

Schistocytes

3

Recall 4 symptoms/signs of haemolytic anaemia

Splenomegaly
Jaundice
Malaise
Diarrhoea

4

Describe the pathophysiology of microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia (MAHA)

Small vessels constrict - red cells break up as they squeeze through them - small clots are formed - vicious cycle begins as vessels narrow further

5

What test can be done to definitively say there is red cell breakdown?

D-dimer

6

What is the most common cause of the haemolytic uraemic syndrome?

E157 Haemorrhagic E coli

7

What is TTP?

Thrombocytic thrombocytopaenic purpura
HUS + fever + neurological manifestations