Scenario 8 - breathlessness Flashcards Preview

Year 3: Amir Sam's DPD lectures > Scenario 8 - breathlessness > Flashcards

Flashcards in Scenario 8 - breathlessness Deck (7)
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1

Recall one important risk factor for pneumothorax

COPD

2

What is the drug symbicort?

Steroid and LABA

3

What is the drug tiotropium?

muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist

4

What are the 2 most likely differentials in sudden-onset SOB?

Pneumothorax
Pulmonary embolism

5

Recall the management of pneumothorax, depending on type and size

<2cm: primary = discharge and repeat CXR, secondary = aspirate
>2cm: primary = aspirate + drain if unsuccessful, secondary = chest drain

6

Recall 3 possible differentials for SOB that has a minutes to hours onset

1. Airway inflammation
2. Chest infection (produces pus in lungs)
3. Acute heart failure (produces fluid in lungs)

7

Recall 6 possible differentials for SOB that has a days to weeks onset

Interstitial lung disease
Malignancy
Large pleural effusion
Neuromuscular aetiology
Unresolving chest infection
Anaemia