Flashcards in Scenario 2 - collapse Deck (12)
If collapse is preceded by aura, what causes of collapse does this exclude?
In a collapse, what mnemonic should you use for management?
Don't Ever Forget Glucose
Which type of heart murmur is most likely to cause collapse?
In a collapse, what mnemonic should you use to guide your differential diagnosis?
These are the 3 Ps of VASOVAGAL SYNCOPE
Recall 3 cardiac causes of collapse
Recall 3 non-cardiac causes of collapse
What are the 2 possible causes of cardiac outflow obstruction, and what investigation could reveal these abnormalities?
Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy
Recall 2 positive signs on examination of outflow obstruction
Ejection systolic murmur
Which arrhythmia does Amir Sam say might cause collapse?
Long QT syndrome causing ventricular tachycardia
How do you spot long QT syndrome on an ECG?
- Draw a horizontal line between the 2 R waves
- Draw a 2nd, vertical line halfway between the R waves
- If this line does not cross T wave = normal
- If the 2nd line intersects the T wave = long QT
Which electrolyte imbalances may cause long QT syndrome?