SCI Flashcards Preview

NBCOT > SCI > Flashcards

Flashcards in SCI Deck (16):
1

This SCI range would need 24 hour care

C1-C4

2

This SCI range would need 12 hour care

C5-C6

3

Describe the functions of a C1-C4 SCI

Needs assistance for respiratory function
Max A for self-care
Limited head and neck movements
No bowel or bladder control
Electric w/c with sip and puff control
Autonomic Dysreflexia

4

Describe the functions of a C5 SCI injury

Low stamina, but breathing independently
Max A in self-care
Full head and neck control, and can raise arms and flex elbows
AD is possible
No bowel or bladder control
Electric w/c with hand controls

5

Describe the functions of a C6 SCI injury

Mod A for self-care
Max A for IADLs
Full head and neck, rise arms, flex elbow, extend wrist
Some bowel and bladder
Can drive car with hand controls
Limited vital capacity

6

Describe function for C7 SCI injury

Min A for ADL,
Mod A for IADL
Flex and extend elbow, Flex and extend wrist, some finger movements
Some bowel and bladder
Independent in transfers
Electric w/c and manual w/c for short distances

7

Describe function for C8 SCI injury

Indepedent in ADL
Mod A for IADL
Flex and extend elbow, flex and extend wrist, some finger movement
Some bowel and bladder
Independent in transfers
manual w/c for short distance

8

Describe function for T1-T5 SCI injury

Independent in ADL
Min A in IADL
Normal UE ROM and strength
Some bowel and bladder
Manual w/c

9

Describe function for T6-T12 SCI injury

Min A for IADL
Normal UE ROM and strength
May walk with braces or stand with standing frame

10

Describe function for L1-L5 SCI Injury

Normal respiratory system
Min A for IADL
Partial paralysis in hips and legs
Some bowel and bladder

11

Desribe function for S1-S5 SCI injury

Min A for IADL
Some loss of function in hips and legs
Some bladder and bowel
Walk with assistance, but slowly and with difficulty

12

How can you best prevent heterotropic ossification?

Proper positioning
Joint ROM program

13

How should the UE of an SCI patient be positioned in the acute phase to avoid contractures?

Shoulder abducted with external rotation and depression, elbows in full extension, and forearm in pronation

14

How often should an SCI patient weight shift?

Every 30-60 minutes

15

Which tools does a patient with a C5 injury find most useful?

mobile arm supports
Universal Cuff or C-clamp

16

Which tool does a patient with a C6-C7 injury find most useful?

tendonesis splint