Flashcards in Science Test 7, Chapter 7 Deck (44):
The outermost layer of the atmosphere is the
Air flowing up a mountain's slope due to differences in temperature and pressure is a(n) ____ wind.
What type of wind occurs when dense, cold air flows from higher to lower elevations due to gravity?
What very dry and often dusty wind blows in Southern California?
Which layer of the atmosphere ''bounces'' certain types of radio waves back toward the ground?
Heat transfer by electromagnetic waves is
Heat transfer by moving currents of hot air is
A cool, gentle wind that blows from the land to the sea is a
What is the most powerful and dangerous form of UV radiation?
What type of radiation causes tanning and sunburns?
Which layer of the atmosphere is characterized by high temperatures?
The most abundant gas in the homosphere is
The process in which the temperature of a gas rises as the gas is compressed with no heat is lost is ___ heating.
The coldest point in the atmosphere is the
What marks the upper boundary of the thermosphere?
Which of the following statements is false?
Insolation warms water more quickly than it warms land.
Winds that reverse their direction from season to season are called
A warm, dry wind that travels down a slope is a
Label each convection cell beside the corresponding number.
polar cell, Ferrel cell, Hadley cell
Upper troposphere waves that play a large part in the formation of cyclones and anticyclones are called
The four main factors that affect insolation are __, __, ___, and Earth's distance from the sun.
Cloud cover, length of daytime, angle of the sun's rays
The scientific name for the northern and southern lights is
The layer of the atmosphere that acts as a ''shield'' to protect the earth's surface is the
least understood layer of the atmosphere
the atmosphere's ''weather layer''
strong, steady winds but few changes of weather
portion of the earth's magnetic field that is affected by the solar winds
What term refers to the decimal equivalent of solar radiation that an object reflects?
What is the blanket of gases that surrounds our planet?
What is a circulating spiral of wind around a low-pressure system?
What term refers to the amount of energy available to hear the earth's land, water, and air?
Name the process that traps heat in the earth's atmosphere.
What beltlike regions surround the earth and trap particles from the solar wind?
Van Allen radiation belts
regions of high pressure and gentle wind at 30* north and south latitude
surface winds that blow from high-pressure regions toward the equator
equatorial zone where sailing ships were often left without wind
high-altitude wind in a narrow, meandering band
A circulating spiral of wind around a high-pressure system is called a ____
Atmospheric pressure at sea level is ___ pounds per square inch.
Extremely powerful radiation that comes from deep space is ____
The most important greenhouse gas is ____
The region in which a magnet affects other objects is the _____
The lower layer of the atmosphere is the ____