Serology/body Fluids Cliff Notes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Serology/body Fluids Cliff Notes Deck (40)
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#1 CSF tube bloody, other less bloody

Traumatic tap

1

all CSF tubes bloody

Intracanial hemorrhage

2

Low CSF protein, normal or high protein

Bacterial meningitis

3

Hi CSF protein, normal glucose

Viral meningitis or tubercular meningitis

4

Macrophages with ingested RBC in CSF

Intercranial hemorrhage

5

Hi lymphocyte count in CSF

Viral or tubercular meningitis

6

Hi IgG levels and CSF

Multiple sclerosis

7

Starbursts cell pattern and CSF

Cryptococcus neoformans

8

Positive India ink prep in CSF

Cryptococcus neoformans

9

Most common meningitis inchildren

Haemophulis influenza

10

Most common meningitis in adults

Neisseria meningitis or streptococcus

11

Elevated glutamine levels in CSF

Reye syndrome

12

Elevated myelin basic protein in CSF

Multiple sclerosis

13

Low-protein levels in the CSF

Leakage of CSF due to trauma

14

Normal semen level

2 to 5 ml

15

Normal semen count

Greater than 2 million/mL

16

Normal seamen pH

7.2 to 8.0

17

Normal semen liquefication

One hour

18

Normal semen motility

50% at one hour

19

Normal semen morphology

Greater than 30% normal forms

20

Low glucose in synovial fluid

Inflammation or infection

21

Monosodium urate (Uric acid) crystals and synovial fluid

Gout

22

Calcium pyrophosphate crystals in synovial fluid

Pseudogout

23

Hi WBC count in synovial fluid

Sepsis infection

24

Ropes or mucin clot test

Measures viscosity of synovial fluid

25

Clear fluid, low WBC count, low glucose, low protein, low cholesterol, etc.

Transudate

26

Cloudy fluid, high WBC count, high glucose, high-protein, etc.

Exudate

27

L/S ratio

Fetal lung maturity test amniotic fluid

28

L/S ratio 2.0 or greater

Fetal lung is mature enough for delivery

29

Liley graph

Bilirubin measurement – amniotic fluid – Delta 450