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Flashcards in Urinalysis Cliff Notes Deck (16)
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Rbc casts

Acute glomerulonephritis

1

Wbc casts

Acute pyelonephritis

2

Oval fat bodies

Nephrotic syndrome

3

Fatty and waxy casts

Nephrotic syndrome

4

Very high urine protein (>3.5 grams/day)

Nephrotic syndrome

5

Anti-glomerular basement membrane (also respiratory problems)

Goodpasture's

6

Polyuria with low specific gravity, negative glucose

Diabetes insipidus

7

Polyuria with high specific gravity, positive glucose

Diabetes mellitus

8

Anti-neutrophilic cytoplasmic anybody (respiratory problems)

Wegner's granulomatosis

9

Increased IGA levels with chronic hematuria

IgA nephropathy

10

Positive glucose positive ketones

Diabetes mellitus

11

Positive leukocyte ester, positive nitrite no abnormal casts

Cystitis (bacterial urinary tract infection)

12

Hematuria everything else normal

renal calculus or excessive exercise

13

Positive leukocyte ester positive nitrite with WBC casts waxy and broad casts

Chronic pyelonephritis

14

Genetic defect of tubular reabsorption

Fanconi's syndrome

15

PH 9.0 or greater

Old specimen, bacterial growth