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Flashcards in Session 10 Deck (6):

What do we mean by “territoriality”?

i. As a “container of power”
ii. Sovereignty (emancipation = self-determination)
iii. Age of nation-states
iv. International relations = relations among states
- Charles Maier
- Territoriality = Control & exploitation of space


Which international issues of the modern era had an inner “transnational dimension”?

i. Capital & finance
ii. Peace
iii. Peoples & Migration
iv. Health & Medicine


Why was there a major change between the late 1960s and the early 1980s?

i. Technological breakthroughs (e.g. Communications):
- Networks & interaction more important than space
ii. Interdependence & erosion of state sovereignty
iii. Age of fracture: weakening of state institutions/legitimacy & centrality of the individual


What were the possible examples of this transformation?

a. Nuclear Weapons (lecture 8)
b. Capitals & Finance (lecture 9)
c. Human Rights
d. Environment


What are human rights?

a. Definition? Pliable term: Vagueness of broad umbrella
b. Teleology? [from 1789 to 1948 to the 1970s to today?]
i. UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
1. “rights inherent to all human beings”
2. “equally entitled… without discrimination”


What was the relationship between human rights and the Cold War?

a. Different definitions of the two superpowers (Empire of liberty vs. Empire of Justice)
b. Contradictory effects: geopolitical & national security imperatives vs. Battle for hearts & minds (clash between different Cold Wars)
c. Domestic pressures & embarrassments (civil rights in the US; issue of emigration in the USSR)
d. International public opinion
e. Human rights/decolonization/self-determination
f. Modernization: collective destiny vs. rights of the individual (e.g. population control)