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Flashcards in Session4 - Laybeliefs Deck (14)
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Why are lay beliefs important to clinicians?

-Patients use lay beliefs to understand health and illness, it is important clinicians understand these as they impact on health behaviour and compliance, in addition to health promotion
-Medical information may be rejected if it is incompatible with people ideas and beliefs
-Lay understandings may construct a family history eg heart disease


What is the negative perception of health?

-Health equates to the absence of illness
-Often the opinion of low socioeconomic groups


What is the functional perception of health?

-Health is the ability to do certain things
-Common belief of the elderly


What is the positive perception of health

-Health is a state of wellbeing and fitness
-Often the view of higher socioeconomic groups


What are lay theories?

-Theories about health and illness drawn on social, cultural and personal knowledge and/or experience


What is health behaviour?

-Activity undertaken for the purpose of maintaining health and preventing illness


What is illness behaviour?

-Activity of ill person to define illness and seek solution


What is sick role behaviour?

-Formal response to symptoms including seeking formal help and action of person as pathient


What is the illness iceberg?

-Most symptoms never get to a doctor and are treated with laycare eg otc medication


What are lay beliefs

-Ideas and beliefs constructed be a person with no specialised knowledge which helps them to understand health and illness


List some factors which influence illness behaviour

-Culture eg stoical attitude
-Visibility of symptoms
-Extent of disruption
-Tolerance threshold


What is lay referral?

-Symptoms discussed with others and a chain of advice-seeking contacts which the sick make with other lay people prior to, or instead of, seeking help from HCPs


Why may people delay consultation with a doctor?

-Experience of, and attitudes towards health professionals
-Symptom evaluation
-May have developed explanations for symptoms (lay beliefs) -> recognition that the explanation inadequate may prompt consultation
-Lay beliefs about what things are supposed to present like


How do lay beliefs effect compliance?

-Beliefs about treatment influence patient decisions to take medication eg denial of disease and/or treatment, acceptance