Flashcards in Session4 - Laybeliefs Deck (14)
Why are lay beliefs important to clinicians?
-Patients use lay beliefs to understand health and illness, it is important clinicians understand these as they impact on health behaviour and compliance, in addition to health promotion
-Medical information may be rejected if it is incompatible with people ideas and beliefs
-Lay understandings may construct a family history eg heart disease
What is the negative perception of health?
-Health equates to the absence of illness
-Often the opinion of low socioeconomic groups
What is the functional perception of health?
-Health is the ability to do certain things
-Common belief of the elderly
What is the positive perception of health
-Health is a state of wellbeing and fitness
-Often the view of higher socioeconomic groups
What are lay theories?
-Theories about health and illness drawn on social, cultural and personal knowledge and/or experience
What is health behaviour?
-Activity undertaken for the purpose of maintaining health and preventing illness
What is illness behaviour?
-Activity of ill person to define illness and seek solution
What is sick role behaviour?
-Formal response to symptoms including seeking formal help and action of person as pathient
What is the illness iceberg?
-Most symptoms never get to a doctor and are treated with laycare eg otc medication
What are lay beliefs
-Ideas and beliefs constructed be a person with no specialised knowledge which helps them to understand health and illness
List some factors which influence illness behaviour
-Culture eg stoical attitude
-Visibility of symptoms
-Extent of disruption
What is lay referral?
-Symptoms discussed with others and a chain of advice-seeking contacts which the sick make with other lay people prior to, or instead of, seeking help from HCPs
Why may people delay consultation with a doctor?
-Experience of, and attitudes towards health professionals
-May have developed explanations for symptoms (lay beliefs) -> recognition that the explanation inadequate may prompt consultation
-Lay beliefs about what things are supposed to present like