Session 2.1 - Social science methods Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Session 2.1 - Social science methods Deck (15)
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1

Why is social research important?

-Increases confidence in answering questions about social life and patients

2

Give some examples of quantitative research methods

-RCTs, Case-control, cohort studies
-Questionnaires

3

Give 3 advantages of quantitative research methods

-Repeatable
-Good at measuring/defining causality and allowing comparisions
-Easy to analyse

4

State 3 disadvantages of quantitative research methods

-May force people into inappropriate categories
-Doesnt allow for individual expression
-May not access all the important information

5

What is the focus of quantitative research methods?

-Prove/disprove a hypothesis

6

What is the focus of qualitative research methods?

-Emphasise meaning, experience and views of the population

7

What is Observation and ethnography?

-A form of qualitative research which studies human behaviour in its natural context to observe their actions over what they say

8

What is the major disadvantage of observation and ethnography?

-Labour intensive

9

What type of research method are interviews?

-Qualitative

10

What are the advatages of interviews?

-Semi-structured with a clear agenda
-Participants perspective is explored
-Gains detailed focussed accouts

11

What is a disadvantage of interviews?

-Can get biased veiws
-Risk of not obtaining accurate information

12

Why are focus groups a good qualitative research method?

-Quick and flexible
-Access to collective understanding
-May encourage people to participate

13

What are the disadvatages of focus groups?

-Difficult to arrange
-Some topics too sensitive
-Not very useful for individual experiences -> may get those who dominate the group

14

What are the advantages of qualitative research methods?

-Understand patient perspective
-Gain more information

15

What are the disadvantages of qualitative research methods?

-Difficult to find consistent relationships between variables
-May not bet statistically representative of whole population if small sample size used
-Analysis is labour intensive