Flashcards in Session 2.1 - Social science methods Deck (15)
Why is social research important?
-Increases confidence in answering questions about social life and patients
Give some examples of quantitative research methods
-RCTs, Case-control, cohort studies
Give 3 advantages of quantitative research methods
-Good at measuring/defining causality and allowing comparisions
-Easy to analyse
State 3 disadvantages of quantitative research methods
-May force people into inappropriate categories
-Doesnt allow for individual expression
-May not access all the important information
What is the focus of quantitative research methods?
-Prove/disprove a hypothesis
What is the focus of qualitative research methods?
-Emphasise meaning, experience and views of the population
What is Observation and ethnography?
-A form of qualitative research which studies human behaviour in its natural context to observe their actions over what they say
What is the major disadvantage of observation and ethnography?
What type of research method are interviews?
What are the advatages of interviews?
-Semi-structured with a clear agenda
-Participants perspective is explored
-Gains detailed focussed accouts
What is a disadvantage of interviews?
-Can get biased veiws
-Risk of not obtaining accurate information
Why are focus groups a good qualitative research method?
-Quick and flexible
-Access to collective understanding
-May encourage people to participate
What are the disadvatages of focus groups?
-Difficult to arrange
-Some topics too sensitive
-Not very useful for individual experiences -> may get those who dominate the group
What are the advantages of qualitative research methods?
-Understand patient perspective
-Gain more information