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Flashcards in Session 5 - Chronic illness Deck (27)
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1

What does the sociological research of LTCs focus on?

-How LTCs impact on social interaction and role performance

2

What is an illness narrative?

-Patient's story and account of their LTC which they use to make sense of it

3

What are the 5 concepts relating to sociological theory

-Illness work
-Everyday life work
-Emotional work
-Biographical work
-Identity work

4

What is illness work in sociological theory of LTCs?

-The concept of getting a diagnosis of a chronic illness and the associated feelings which come with waiting and receiving eg shock, relief
-Also refers to body illness and involves managing the symptoms of illness via coping with the physical symptoms before the social

5

What is fveryday life work in sociological theory of LTCs?

-The concept of coping and strategic management of daily life including the cognitive processes in dealing with illness as well as actions

6

What is normalisation in chronic illness?

-The redesignation of new life as 'normal life'

7

What is emotional work in sociological theory of LTCs? What roles and relationships can be effected by emotional work?

-The part of chronic illness which involves working to protect emotional well-being of others by aiming to maintain normal attitude and activities
-Friendships can be disrupted as patient may strategically withdraw from groups -> cannot downplay symptoms to appear cheery self any more
-Impact on role can be devastating, especially if involves dependancy

8

What is biographical work in sociological theory of LTCs

-The part of chronic illness which refers to loss of self as former identity disappears without the development of an equally valued new one
-Reconstruction of biography and a taken-for-granted life feeling

9

What is identity work in sociological theory of LTCs?

-Part of chronic illness which refers to how people see themselves and how other see them as illness can become defining aspect of their life

10

Which area of sociological illness does self management fall under?

-Illness work

11

Why is optimum self management difficult to achieve in long term illness?

-Adherence to LT treatment
-Reduced quality of life
-poor psychological well being

12

Give 2 examples of interventions which aim to help with self-management of longterm diseases

-DESMOND -> diabetes education and Self Management for Ongoing and Newly Diagnosed
-Expert-Patient Programme -> focusses on coping and condition management to reduce hospital admissions and increase responsibility for own health

13

Which section of sociological theory does stigma fall under?

-Identity work

14

What is stigma?

-Negatively defined condition, attitude, trait or behaviour conferring deviant status

15

What is discreditable stigma?

-Stigma which occurs when the disease is found out but it is not seen

16

What is discredited stigma?

-Stigma is caused by the physical characteristics of disease

17

What is enacted stigma?

-The real experience of predjudice when stigma is acted upon

18

What is felt stigma?

-The fear of enacted stigma and feeling as though stigma is present even though it might not be

19

Describe the medical concept of disability

-Deviation from the medical norms with disadvantage as a direct consequence. Requires medical intervention

20

Describe the social concept of disability

-Problems are a product of environment and failure of environment to adjust - social oppression produced by government and society

21

Describe some critiques of the medical model of disability

-Lack of recognition of social and psychological factors
-Uses stereotyping and stigmatizing language

22

Describe some critiques of social model

-Body is left out
-Overly drawn view of society
-Failure to recognise body realities and the extent to which they are solvable socially

23

According to the international classification of impairment, disabilities and handicaps, what is impairment?

-Impairment is the abnormality in structure or function of body

24

According to the international classification of impairment, disabilities and handicaps, what is disability?

-Disabilty refers to the performance of activity

25

According to the international classification of impairment, disabilities and handicaps, what is handicap?

-Social and psychological consequences of impairment and disability

26

What are the limitations of the IC of impairment, disability or handicaps?

-Problematic use of word handicap
-Implies problems are intrisic and inevitable

27

What is the IC of function, disability and health?

-WHO national standard which attempts to integrate the medical and social concept of disability
-Involves body structure and functions, activities, participation in life and personal and environmental factors