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Med Surg - Exam 2 > Skin Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skin Disorders Deck (12)
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1

What in an uncomplicated skin infection?

One organism.
Responds to antibiotic therapy alone.

Ex: staph aureus, staph pyrogens, group A strep

2

What in a complicated skin infection?

More than on organism.
Invasion of deeper tissues no requires debridement and other treatments.

3

What are the 2 types of cellulitis? Where is cellulitis most common?

Non-necrotizing and necrotizing

Commonly occurs: abdomen, lower extremities and perineum

4

What is the management for uncomplicated cellulitis?

Warm compress
Antibiotics may be necessary

5

What is the management of complicated cellulitis?

Culture
IV antibiotic
Debridement
Wound care
Assess

6

What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 of Herpes Simplex Virus?

Type 1: cold sores
Type 2: genital warts

7

Where does Herpes Simplex Virus occur?

Skin, mucous membranes, CNS and genital tract.

8

List the 2 types of fungal infections lectured on, and what it likes.

Dermatophytosis - feeds off dead skin and infects the epidermis

Candida - warm, most environment (mucous membranes)

9

What is the diagnosis and treatment of a fungal infection?

Diagnosis: history, physical exam, KOH microscopy

Treatment: anti-fungal (topic or IV)

10

List the 6 different kinds of skin trauma.

Laceration (penetration)
Abrasion (friction)
Excoriation (superficial friction)
Friction blisters (rubbing- feet)
Skin tears
Macerations

11

What are the 4 phases of wound healing?

Hemostasis
Inflammatory
Proliferative (granulation)
Maturation

12

What is included in the management of skin trauma?

History
Immune status Immunization status
Nutrition
Identify infection
Control or eliminate factors