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Med Surg - Exam 2 > Musculoskeletal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Deck (6)
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1

What is the most common bone disease?

Osteoporosis

2

Was factors contribute to osteoporosis?

Decreased estrogen and calcitonin levels
Increased PTH

3

What is osteoporosis commonly called?

The silent disease

4

When does bone mineral density peak?

Between 25 and 30

5

What are risk factors of osteoporosis?

Age (50+, postmenopausal)
Gender (females)
Race (Asian and Caucasian)
Family history
Small body frame

Low calcium and vitamin D intake
High potassium intake
Smoking and drinking

6

What is the prevention/treatment of osteoporosis?

Biphosphonate, calcitonin, calcium and vitamin D