Flashcards in HIV Deck (9)
If HIV is untreated, how many years is the patient expected to live?
Infection to death = 12 years
Malnutrition, malaria or TB on top of HIV = 5 years
What race is at the highest risk for HIV?
HIV invades body and overcomes the 1st line of defense by:
Injected directly into blood stream (transfusion, IV drugs)
Crosses mucous membrane (unprotected sex, damage to membranes)
CD4+ cell production increases to near normal level
More than 500cells/uL
What are opportunistic infections (OI)?
Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
Less than 200cells/uL
How is HIV diagnosed?
Tests for antibodies to HIV
Rapid test - ELISA
Western blot - detects HIV protein