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Med Surg - Exam 2 > MRSA > Flashcards

Flashcards in MRSA Deck (5)
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1

What is MRSA?

Mutated form of Staph Aureus (aerobic, gram+)
Normal flora in nose, throat and skin folds.
Resistant to penicillin,cephalosporins and cabapenems.
Asymptomatic pathogen.

2

Who is at risk for CA-MRSA? And what infection is most common?

Children <2
Athletes
IV drug users
Gay men
Military personnel
Prisoners
Shelter visitors

Most common: Skin and soft tissue infections

3

Who is at risk for HA-MRSA? And what are the most common infections?

Hospital/long-term care patients
Surgeries
Overuse of antibiotics
Immune suppression
Diabetes
Cancer
COPD
Hearth failure

Most common: pneumonia, bloodstream infections and surgical site infections.

4

Define prevention for MRSA.

HAND HYGIENE
Contact precautions
Private room

5

What meds can be used for MRSA?

Vancomycin (monitor BUN and Creatinine)
Linezolid (monitor CBC and avoid tyramine foods)