Small and Large Bowel II Flashcards Preview

Gastrointestinal - Pathology > Small and Large Bowel II > Flashcards

Flashcards in Small and Large Bowel II Deck (31):
1

Colon only. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Ulcerative colitis

2

Skip lesions. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Crohn's disease

3

Transmural involvement. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Crohn's disease

4

Stricture. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Crohn's disease

5

Thin wall appearance. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Ulcerative colitis

6

Marked Pseudopolyps. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Ulcerative colitis

7

Deep, knifelike ulcers. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Crohn's disease

8

Fat/vitamin malabsorption. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Crohn's disease

9

Perianal fistula. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Crohn's disease

10

Malignancy potential. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Ulcerative colitis
Crohn's if colonic involvement

11

Toxic megacolon. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Ulcerative colitis

12

Recurrence after surgery. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Crohn's disease

13

Lymphoid reaction. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Crohn's disease

14

Fibrosis and serositis. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Crohn's disease

15

Granuloma. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Crohn's disease

16

pANCA. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Ulcerative colitis

17

Cobblestoning. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Crohn's disease

18

ASCA. Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?

Crohn's disease

19

What results in a diversion of short chain fatty acids from colonocytes?

Diversion colitis

20

What results in telangiectatic vessels at the base of the lamina propria?

Radiation enterocolitis

21

What results from bacterial overgrowth in the walls of the intestine of a premature infant?

Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis

22

What are the two types of microscopic colitis?

Lymphocytic colitis
Collagenous colitis

23

What is the clinical presentation for the microscopic colitises?

Watery diarrhea, no blood
Normal colonoscopic exam

24

Which microscopic colitis is characterized by increased lamina propria chronic inflammation and intraepithelial lymphocytes?

Lymphocytic colitis

25

Which microscopic colitis is characterized by colagen deposits underneath the epithelium?

Collagenous colitis

26

What drugs are implicated in drug induced enterocolitis?

NSAIDs
Chemotherapeutic agents
Antibiotics (C. difficile)

27

What is defined as chronic, relapsing abdominal pain/discomfort/bloating and change of bowel habits in the absence of any causative agent?

Irritable bowel syndrome

28

What are the three types of IBS?

Constipation predominant IBS
Diarrhea predominant IBS
Unsubtyped IBS

29

What are some complications of sigmoid diverticulitis?

Abscess
Obstruction
Perforation
Fistula (25% present with these 4)

30

What is defined as a rectal mucosal prolapse that ulcerates on the anterior rectal wall?

Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome

31

What is the cause of solitary rectal ulcer syndrome?

Excessive straining