Flashcards in Small Animal Clinical Exam Deck (11):
What are some key things to a successful PE? A good knowledge of what things is needed?
Good rapport with owner and patient
Knowing the breed/species normals
Knowing the patient
What are important things to remember when establishing rapport?
Greet the owner and the patient!
Get the name and gender right!!
What things are you looking for when touching the patient?
Size, symmetry, shape, texture, patient response
What words can be used to describe a patients demeanour?
BAR. Obtunded, stuporous, comatose. Aggressive?
What are the normal TPRs for dogs and cats?
HR Dog - 60-120 (breed and age dependent)
Cat - 180-200 (220) bpm in a consult
Working from front to back, outline the steps of a physical exam.
Heart and Lung Ausculation
What other systems might need to be checked?
What should one look at when assessing MMs?
Cap refill time
Hydration status (dry/tacky or moist?)
How can hydration status be assessed?
Eye position (e.g. sunken eye)
n.b. to reliably assess hydration status would need to perform PCV.
What can one definitely palpate in the abdomen and what can one maybe palpate?
Definitely - Liver & Spleen
- Intestinal Loops
Maybe - Stomach & Kidneys
- Prostate & Colon