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Flashcards in Soc 100 - Roles Deck (18):
1

Role

The socially-defined character that you perform in everyday situations.

2

Role Taking

The act of adopting a specific role – of being ‘a good friend’ – in specific situation

3

Role Making

Our ability to interpet a role in a way that changes or adapts what’s expected.

4

Social Script

The set of rules and expectations that specify how people in two different roles should interact.These scripts are acquired as grow up: we know instinctively what’s expected of us.

5

Dramaturgical Method

Dramaturgical MethodInterpret social interactions as though people are acting out specific roles

6

Staging and Impression Management

StagingLocations & costumes socially defined.Prepare ‘back stage’ to act ‘front stage�Impression ManagementHow we try to affect others’ views of us by acting in certain ways..

7

Identity

Our overall picture of the way all our roles fit together.

8

Role Set

The collection of roles that any individual plays: we all juggle a number of roles in our daily live, and try to build something coherent out of them.

9

Role Strain and Role Conflict

Role StrainDifficulties in fulfilling the demands of a single, intense role, e.g. feeling you’re a bad parent.Role ConflictJuggling the contradictory demands of multiple roles, e.g. combining job with parenthood�

10

Master Status

Master StatusSingle most important role to identity; given priority over rest.

11

Compartmental-isation

Keeping different roles separate, to minimise conflicts (e.g. don’t think of work at home)

12

Role Distance

To show disdain for the role you have to play (e.g. ignoring parents when with friends)

13

Role Exit

Often-painful process when we’re obliged to give up a role.

14

How does Charles Horton Cooley (1864-1929) describes the way we derive our self-esteem from others?

You gain your picture of who you are from the way others treat you and respond to you. If they treat you badly, you have no reason to believe you deserve anything other than being treated badly; if you are told you’ll succeed, it’s more likely that you will.

15

Looking Glass Self

C.H. Cooley’s term to describe the way we view selves as others see us.Your self-worth and aspirations come from how others treat you.

16

How does society organize roles?

Societies place roles in a hierarchy of statuses: some are considered more prestigious or worthy of respect than others.

17

Status

The rank or prestige of your role relative to others in society.

18

Ascribed vs Achieved Status

Ascribed StatusYou’re put into a certain status group because of things you can’t change.Achieved StatusYour own efforts or behaviour place you in this status (e.g. job).