Social area - Milgram and Piliavin Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Social area - Milgram and Piliavin Deck (13):

What was the Background behind Milgram's research

Find out if German people were inherently bad or if it was obedience that caused the holocaust.


What was the research method for Milgram's study.



Describe Milgram's sample

40 people chosen from 500, varying ages from 20 - 50, education and occupation.


How did Milgram sample the participants

self selecting - offered 4.50 for people.


(Milgram) Can you describe the procedure.

.Two people one actor chosen to do study, one is learner and other is teacher.
.Learner (actor) sent to electric shock room.
.Teacher sent to control room and asked by authoritative dressed person to administer shocks for wrong answers.
.Keeps going and at 300V hears a scream and at 450V there is no noise and no higher voltage.


What where the findings

100% got to 300V
65% got to 450V


What does this date show us

Most people obey orders from an authority figure adding to the individual situational debate.


What is the background to Piliavins research

Kitty Genovese was stabbed to death with bystanders not doing anything to help.


What is the aim of Piliavins research

Would more people affect the results
would race or gender effect the results.


What where the independent and dependant variables in Piliavins research

Independent variables -
Drunk Victime
Ill victim

Dependant variables -
How long it took people to help


What was the procedure for Piliavins research -

.Situation created on train with either drunk or ill victim passing out.
.Same train route.
.4 groups
.Other members recorded who helped, how many people where there and how long it took.


Describe the sample for Piliavins research

4450 participants
opportunity sample
55% white 45% black
Between 11am - 3pm


What where Piliavins results

90% male helpers
34% left critical area
18/36 people helped the drunk man who fell.
62/65 people helped the ill man who fell over.