Cognative - Grant / Simon and Chabris Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cognative - Grant / Simon and Chabris Deck (11):
1

What was the background for Grant?

To test context dependant memory

2

What is context dependent memory (grant) ?

Remembering in the same context as your first encounter with what your remembering.

3

What was the aim of Grants study?

To investigate context dependant memory and the specific contexts eg silence.

4

What was the sample in grants study ?

39/40 participants (one left)
17 F / 23 M
age - 17 - 56

5

What was the method of grant's study ?

Comprehension test, article read in one condition and questions answered in the next.

6

What where the conditions (grant) ?

.silent silent
.silent noise
.noist silent
.noisy noisy

7

What were the results of the grant study?

studying in the same environment leads to better results, however studying in silence is better then with noise.

8

What was the background/aim of Simon and Chabris?

To test intentional blindness, where the attention is diverted causing someone not to see something else.

9

What is the sample for Simon and Chabris ?

228 volunteers / 36 remover
16 groups of 12 individuals
students male and female

10

What was the method of Simon and Chabris?

Each group watched a certain condition with a different task watching basketball players asked to count number of passes (hard/easy), then asked if they noticed anything unusual (gorilla or umbrella )

11

What were the results of Simon and chabris?

.54% noticed unexpected even
.67% of participants noticed the unexpected event in the opaque condition, compared to only 42% in the transparent condition.
.64% vs 45% easy vs hard conditions