SOCIAL INFLUENCE - dispositional explanations for obedience Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in SOCIAL INFLUENCE - dispositional explanations for obedience Deck (10):
1

who proposed the ‘authoritarian personality’?

- ADORNO
(assumed there must be a personal disposition which is why some obeyed and some rebelled to MILGRAM)

2

who did ADORNO investigate?

- white
- middle-class
- americans

3

how many people did ADORNO investigate?

- 2000

4

what did ADORNO investigate with his participants? and how did he do this?

- their unconscious attitudes to various racial groups
- used the ‘fascism scale/f-scale) to measure authoritarian personality

5

what did ADORNO find?

- those with authoritarian leanings and scored highly on the f-scale identified with strong people and were contemptuous of the weak
- they were conscious of status and class
- they had a cognitive style with no ‘blurred lines’ and fixated on stereotypes
- positive correlation between authoritarianism and prejudice

6

what are characteristics of the authoritarian personality?

- especially obedient
- conservative attitudes
- inflexible
- uncomfortable with uncertainty

7

what is the origin of the authoritarian personality?

- formed in childhood
- strict parenting, with harsh discipline and highly critical of failures
(conditional love)
- fears are displaced onto people who are perceived as weaker
(echoes of psychodynamic approach)

8

EVALUATION

what did CHRISTIE AAND JAHODA say? and how does this relate to the authoritarian personality?

- the f-scale is politically biased towards right-wing ideology
- state it ignores left-wing authoritarianism who appreciate obedience
(russian bolshevism)
so...

- not a comprehensive dispositional explanation as it did not account for the whole political spectrum

9

EVALUATION

what does GREENSTEIN say? and how does this relate to the authoritarian personality?

- it is a ‘comedy of methodological errors’
- all the questions are worded in the same direction: may not be authoritarian but ‘acquiescers’
(acquiescence bias)
- ADORNO interviewed them about childhood experiences when he knew their scores and the hypothesis
so...

- biases reduce the internal validity of the explanation

10

EVALUATION

correlation is not causation

- many strong correlations formed between the characteristics, obedience rates and origins in relation to the authoritarian personality
- no cause and effect relationship can be claimed here
so...

- lack of internal validity