Flashcards in SOCIAL INFLUENCE - dispositional explanations for obedience Deck (10):
who proposed the ‘authoritarian personality’?
(assumed there must be a personal disposition which is why some obeyed and some rebelled to MILGRAM)
who did ADORNO investigate?
how many people did ADORNO investigate?
what did ADORNO investigate with his participants? and how did he do this?
- their unconscious attitudes to various racial groups
- used the ‘fascism scale/f-scale) to measure authoritarian personality
what did ADORNO find?
- those with authoritarian leanings and scored highly on the f-scale identified with strong people and were contemptuous of the weak
- they were conscious of status and class
- they had a cognitive style with no ‘blurred lines’ and fixated on stereotypes
- positive correlation between authoritarianism and prejudice
what are characteristics of the authoritarian personality?
- especially obedient
- conservative attitudes
- uncomfortable with uncertainty
what is the origin of the authoritarian personality?
- formed in childhood
- strict parenting, with harsh discipline and highly critical of failures
- fears are displaced onto people who are perceived as weaker
(echoes of psychodynamic approach)
what did CHRISTIE AAND JAHODA say? and how does this relate to the authoritarian personality?
- the f-scale is politically biased towards right-wing ideology
- state it ignores left-wing authoritarianism who appreciate obedience
- not a comprehensive dispositional explanation as it did not account for the whole political spectrum
what does GREENSTEIN say? and how does this relate to the authoritarian personality?
- it is a ‘comedy of methodological errors’
- all the questions are worded in the same direction: may not be authoritarian but ‘acquiescers’
- ADORNO interviewed them about childhood experiences when he knew their scores and the hypothesis
- biases reduce the internal validity of the explanation