SOCIAL INFLUENCE - social-psychological factors of obedience Flashcards Preview

PSYCHOLOGY - paper 1 social influence > SOCIAL INFLUENCE - social-psychological factors of obedience > Flashcards

Flashcards in SOCIAL INFLUENCE - social-psychological factors of obedience Deck (11):
1

what are the two social-psychological factors of obedience?

- agentic state
- legitimacy of authority

2

what is the ‘agentic state’?

- a mental state where one feels no personal responsibility for their actions
(acting on behalf of someone else)

3

how does the ‘agentic state’ occur?

- undergoes ‘agentic shift’ from the ‘autonomous state’ of independence
- occurs when one perceives someone else as having more authority in the social hierarchy

4

why do people remain in the ‘agentic state’?

- binding factors allow people to minimise the damage they are doing
- may shift responsibility to the victim themself

5

what is ‘legitimacy of authority’?

- an explanation for obedience that suggests one will obey people who have authority over them

6

how is one’s authority established?

- agreed by society to allow it to function smoothly

7

what is a consequence of ‘legitimacy of authority’?

- allows some people to punish others and thus give up independence to these authority figures

8

what is ‘destructive authority’?

- when one uses their authority in dangerous ways
(hitler, stalin, etc.)

9

EVALUATION

what did BLASS and SCHMITT do? and how does this relate to MILGRAM’s social-psychological factors?

- showed a film to MILGRAM’s study to students and were asked who was to blame
- the students blamed the experimenter and this supports the proposal of legitimacy of authority

10

EVALUATION

why is the ‘agentic shift’ deterministic?

- it does not explain why some do not obey, and thus assumes that everyone will undergo this process
(not everyone obeys)
- does not explain why HOFLING’s nurses didn’t show high anxiety levels
so...

- ‘agentic shift’ can only account for some situations of obedience

11

EVALUATION

what did KELMAN and HAMILTON say? and how does this relate to social-psychological factors?

- applicable to real-life crimes
(my lai massacre)
- american soldiers were experiencing the ‘agentic state’ when their authority demanded them to