Flashcards in SOCIAL INFLUENCE - social-psychological factors of obedience Deck (11):
what are the two social-psychological factors of obedience?
- agentic state
- legitimacy of authority
what is the ‘agentic state’?
- a mental state where one feels no personal responsibility for their actions
(acting on behalf of someone else)
how does the ‘agentic state’ occur?
- undergoes ‘agentic shift’ from the ‘autonomous state’ of independence
- occurs when one perceives someone else as having more authority in the social hierarchy
why do people remain in the ‘agentic state’?
- binding factors allow people to minimise the damage they are doing
- may shift responsibility to the victim themself
what is ‘legitimacy of authority’?
- an explanation for obedience that suggests one will obey people who have authority over them
how is one’s authority established?
- agreed by society to allow it to function smoothly
what is a consequence of ‘legitimacy of authority’?
- allows some people to punish others and thus give up independence to these authority figures
what is ‘destructive authority’?
- when one uses their authority in dangerous ways
(hitler, stalin, etc.)
what did BLASS and SCHMITT do? and how does this relate to MILGRAM’s social-psychological factors?
- showed a film to MILGRAM’s study to students and were asked who was to blame
- the students blamed the experimenter and this supports the proposal of legitimacy of authority
why is the ‘agentic shift’ deterministic?
- it does not explain why some do not obey, and thus assumes that everyone will undergo this process
(not everyone obeys)
- does not explain why HOFLING’s nurses didn’t show high anxiety levels
- ‘agentic shift’ can only account for some situations of obedience