Soft tissue tumours Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Soft tissue tumours Deck (10):
1

What is a lipoma?

A neoplastic proliferation of fat

2

What is the most common benign soft tissue tumour?

Lipoma

3

What is a giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath?

A small firm swelling usually found on the flexor tendon sheath of a finger

4

What are some of the complications of tendon sheath giant cell tumours?

Might be painful

Can erode bone if large enough

High chance of recurrence after excision

5

What is the appearance of giant cell tumours of the tendon sheath macroscopically?

Pigmented lesions

6

What is a ganglion cyst?

Herniation or out‐pouching of a weak portion of joint capsule or tendon sheath

7

What can cause ganglion cysts?

 May be developmental (e.g. juvenile Baker’s cyst)

Result of underlying joint damage / arthritis with buildup of pressure within the joint

 

8

What are the characteristics of a ganglion cyst?

Well defined

Occur around a joint

Readily transilluminate

May be quite firm

9

What is an angiosarcoma?

A malignant tumour of blood vessels

10

What is a rhabdomyosarcoma?

A malignant tissue of muscle