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Flashcards in Solidarity Deck (133):
1

La solidarité

Solidarity

2

Du berceau à la tombe

From the cradle to the grave

3

L'aide sociale
Les assurances sociales
Les prestations sociales
Le bien-être

Welfare

4

L'État-providence

The welfare state

5

La protection sociale

Social insurance
Social protection

6

Les allocations sociales

Welfare rights
Welfare entitlements
Welfare payments

7

Une assistante sociale

A welfare worker
A social worker

8

Avoir droit à quelque chose

To be entitled to something

9

La justice sociale

Social justice

10

Obligatoire

Compulsory

11

Where and when was the first state health insurance and old age pensions introduced ?

In Germany in 1880

12

How did Britain follow the German example?

The Liberal Chancelkor of the Exchequer David Lloyd George introduced a state pension for those over 70 in 1908

13

What is the welfare state?

The notion that the government should provide money, free medical care etc for people who are unemployed, ill or too old to work

14

When was the birth of the welfare state in Britain?

1945 when the recently elected Labour government set up the NHS.

15

A créé

Set up

16

What is the NHS?

National Health Service
A publicly funded health care organization

17

How is this system called by those who believe that the state should not intervene too much in the lives of its citizens?

The nanny state
Because a nanny is a woman whose job is to care after children

18

Une allocation
Une prestation sociale

A benefit
An allowance

19

Allocation chômage

Unemployment benefit

20

Allocation familiale

Child benefit

21

Allocation logement

Housing benefit

22

Les acquis sociaux

Social benefits

23

Demander des prestations sociales

To claim benefits

24

Un demandeur de prestations sociales

A benefit claimant

25

L'assurance maladie

Health insurance scheme

26

La couverture médicale

Health coverage
Medical coverage

27

La CMU

Universal health coverage

28

La couverture sociale

Social security cover
Social security coverage

29

Une allocation soumise à des conditions de revenu

A means-tested benefit

30

Recevoir des allocations chômage

To be on the dole

31

Cotiser

To contribute

32

Les cotisations sociales

Social contributions

33

La redistribution

Redistribution

34

L'impôt sur le revenu

Income tax

35

What does social security?

It is a faux-ami because it refers to "welfare" generally, that is to say money is paid to ill, the unemployed, the elderly, while the French word only refers to the health-care system

36

Systeme de retraite

Pension system

37

What is "social security" in the USA?

It is the name given to the government-sponsored pension system

38

What are the approximatively equivalent of the French "sécu"?

Medicare is a government programme which provides health care for the over 65s
Medicaid does the same for certain low-income families

39

Une (pension de) retraite

A pension

40

Le système de retraites

The pension system

41

Le régime d'assurance vieillesse

The state pension system
The state pension scheme

42

Toucher une retraite

To receive a pension

43

Un retraité

A pensioner
An old age pensioner
A retiree
An OAP

44

Prendre sa retraite

To retire

45

La retraite

Retirement

46

L'âge de la retraite

Retirement age

47

Les retraités

Retired people

48

Un fonds de pension

A pension fund

49

Une population vieillissante

An ageing population

50

Les personnes âgées

The elderly

51

How many Britain are over 65s today?

8.3 million

52

How many Britain may be over 65s in 2025?

11.4 million

53

Bouleversement

Shift

54

Composition

Make-up

55

Se déplacer

To get around

56

Le système de santé

The health-care system

57

Les soins
Les traitements médicaux

Health care
Medical treatment

58

Les dépenses de santé

Health spending

59

L'espérance de vie

Life expectancy

60

Vivre jusqu'à 100 ans

To live to be a hundred

61

La charge

The onus

62

Nous renflouer

To bail us out

63

Toucher des prestations sociales
Recevoir de l'aide sociale

To be on welfare

64

Vivre des prestations sociales

To live on welfare

65

Les assistés

People living on state handouts
Welfare scroungers

66

L'assistanat

Welfare dependency

67

Un fraudeur abusant du système d'allocations

A benefit cheat

68

La fraude aux allocations

Benefit fraud

69

Un profiteur
Un parasite

A freeloader

70

Le parasitisme

Parasitism
Freeloading

71

What is the "compassion fatigue"?

The idea that we get so much human suffering thrust in our faces every day from the media that we've become sort of numbed, we've used up all our reserves of pity, anger, outrage...

72

La charité /
Les œuvres caritatives

Charity

73

Une organisation caritative

A charity
A charitable organization

74

Une organisation à but non lucratif

A non-profit making organization
A not-for-profit organization

75

Une bonne cause
Une cause humanitaire

A charitable cause

76

Un bénévole

A volunteer
A voluntary worker

77

Le bénévolat

Volunteering
Voluntary work

78

Une ONG
Une organisation non-gouvernementale

An NGO
A non-governmental organization

79

Etre solidaire de quelqu'un
Se solidariser avec quelqu'un

To show solidarity with somebody
To express solidarity with somebody
To support somebody
To stand by somebody

80

Se désolidariser de quelqu'un

To dissociate oneself from somebody

81

Moyenne

Average

82

Atteint

Is met by

83

Éclipser

To dwarf

84

How many $ did rich countries give in foreign aid in 2008?

$119.8 billion

85

Donner de l'argent
Faire un don

To give away money
To donate money

86

Faire une donation

To make a donation

87

Un donateur

A donor

88

Un bienfaiteur

A benefactor

89

Un bénéficiaire

A recipient

90

Promettre de donner de l'argent

To pledge to give money
To promise to give money

91

Généreux

Generous

92

La générosité

Generosity

93

Désintéressé

Disinterested

94

Égoïste

Selfish

95

L'égoïsme

Selfishness

96

Déplacés internes

Internally displaced persons

97

A l'intérieur de

Within

98

What is UNHCR?

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
A UN agency which supports refugees and assist in their repatriation, local integration or resettlement in a third country

99

What are internally displaced persons?

People forced to flee their homes but who remain within their country's borders

100

L'aide humanitaire
L'assistance humanitaire

Humanitarian aid
Humanitarian assistance

101

Les secours d'urgence

Emergency aid
Emergency assistance

102

L'aide alimentaire

Food aid

103

L'aide au développement

Development aid

104

Une organisation humanitaire

A relief agency
A relie organization

105

Un travailleur humanitaire

A relief worker

106

Distribuer des couvertures

To hand out blankets

107

L'allègement de la dette

Debt relief

108

Effacer des dettes
Annuler des dettes

To cancel debts
To write off debts

109

Le ré-échelonnement de la dette

Debt-rescheduling

110

Le commerce équitable

Fair trade

111

Investissement éthique

Ethical investment

112

Incitation

The incentive

113

Stimuler

To spur

114

La philanthropie

Philanthropy

115

Un philanthrope

A philanthropist

116

La munificence

Munificence

117

Financer un projet

To fund a project

118

Soutenir une initiative

To support an initiative
To back an initiative

119

Soutien financier

Financial backing

120

Un parrain
Un mécène
Un sponsor

A sponsor

121

Le mécénat d'entreprise

Corporate sponsorship

122

La responsabilité sociale de l'entreprise

Corporate social responsibility
CSR

123

Entreprenariat social

Social entrepreneurship

124

À partir de rien

From scratch

125

A titre bénévole

On a voluntary basis

126

Who was the most famous philanthropist in the nineteenth century?

Andrew Carnegie
A penniless Scottish immigrant who became a wealthy industrialist. He gave away most of his money to establish libraries, schools and universities in the US and the UK.

127

Doter /
Fonder

To endow

128

Une dotation /
Une fondation

An endowment

129

Une fondation

A foundation

130

Les droits de succession

Estate tax

131

une réduction d'impôts

A tax break

132

Un crédit d'impôts

A tax credit

133

What are Philanthrocapitalists ?

Business-like donors who provide risk capital for social change