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Flashcards in Rich And Poor Deck (135):
1

Riches et pauvres

Rich and poor

2

Le fossé se creuse

The gap is widening

3

Le niveau de vie

Standard of living
Living standards

4

Le PIB par tete
Le PIB par habitant

GDP per head
GDP per inhabitant

5

Mode de vie

Lifestyle
Way of life

6

Le pouvoir d'achat

Buying power
Spending power
Purchasing power

7

How is the real value of money determined?

By its purchasing power

8

La quantité

The amount

9

Les revenus

Incomes

10

If prices go up, what happens to the purchasing power?

It declines, but if at the same time incomes rise faster than prices, then purchasing power increases

11

Riche

Rich
Wealthy

12

La richesse

Wealth

13

Aisé

Well-off

14

Nanti

Well-to-do

15

Fortuné

Well-heeled

16

Etre nanti
Vivre dans l'aisance

To be affluent

17

La richesse
L'abondance

Affluence

18

La société d'abondance

The affluent society

19

Grippe

Influenza

20

Insatisfaits
Frustrés

Unfulfilled

21

Bien-être

Well-being

22

What is affluenza?

It is a portmanteau word composed of "affluence" and "influenza"
It refers to the condition of people, mostly in rich western countries, who feel unfulfilled and unsatisfied in spite of their growing wealth

23

Les riches

Rich people
The rich

24

Des richesses

Riches

25

Les grandes fortunes

The super-rich
The mega-rich

26

Bourré de fric
Plein aux as

Stinking rich

27

Parmi les nantis
Parmi les possédants

In moneyed circles

28

Détrôner

Unseated

29

Gonfler

To swell

30

Clément

Lenient

31

Who is the wealthiest individual in the globe?

Warren Buffett

32

How many billionaires live in London?

49

33

Un millionnaire

A millionaire

34

Un millionnaire en dollars

A dollar millionaire

35

Un milliardaire

A billionaire

36

Un Multimilliardaire

A zillionaire
A multimillionaire

37

Un magnat du pétrole

An oil magnate

38

Un baron de la presse

A press baron

39

Un magnat des médias

A media mogul

40

Un roi des logiciels

The software tycoon

41

What is "who wants to be a millionaire"?

It is a TV quiz show in which participants have to answer questions of increasing difficulty in order to win a cash prize

42

Le revenu

Income

43

L'impôt sur le revenu

Income tax

44

Un paradis fiscal

A tax haven

45

La fraude fiscale

Tax evasion

46

Familles à hauts revenus

High-income families

47

Familles à bas revenus

Low-income families

48

Un contribuable

A taxpayer

49

Les gains

Earnings

50

Un gros richard

A fat cat

51

What is a golden parachute?

It is a large amount of money given to someone when they leave their job

52

What is the name of a golden parachute in British English?

A golden handshake

53

La pauvreté

Poverty

54

Les pauvres

Poor people
The poor

55

Les travailleurs pauvres

The working poor

56

Pauvre

Poor
Impoverished

57

Les nécessiteux
Les indigents

The needy

58

La misère

Extreme poverty
Dire poverty

59

Le dénuement
La misère noire

Destitution

60

Les plus démunis

The most destitute

61

Tomber dans la misère

To fall on hard times
To become destitute

62

Sombrer dans la pauvreté

To sink into poverty

63

En dessous du seuil de pauvreté

Below the poverty line

64

Au-dessus du seuil de pauvreté

Above the poverty line

65

Un ménage à revenus modestes

A low-income household

66

Défavorisé

Deprived
Disadvantaged
Underprivileged

67

Vivre avec deux dollars par jour

To live on $2 a day

68

Vivre d'allocations

To live on the benefit
To live on welfare

69

Le paupérisme

Pauperism

70

La paupérisation

Pauperization

71

Locomotive économique

Powerhouse economy

72

Stupéfiant

Staggering

73

L'inégalité

Inequality

74

Inégal

Unequal
Uneven

75

Partager

To share

76

Répartir

To share out

77

La répartition de la richesse

The distribution of wealth

78

Une société à deux vitesses

a two-tier society

79

Le tissu social

The social fabric

80

Le fossé entre les riches et les pauvres

The gap between rich and poor

81

La fracture sociale

The gap between the haves and the have-nots

82

Combler le fossé

To bridge
To close the gap

83

Le fossé se comble

The gap is closing
The gap is narrowing

84

Le fossé se creuse

The gap is widening

85

Le fossé social
La fracture sociale

The social divide

86

Un écart

A discrepancy

87

Un gouffre
Un abîme

A chasm

88

L'équilibre

Balance

89

Le déséquilibre

Imbalance

90

Équilibré

Balanced

91

Déséquilibré

Unbalanced

92

Rétablir l'équilibre

To redress the balance

93

PMA (pays moins avancés)

LDCs (least developed countries)

94

What are the LDCs?

They are the poorest countries in the world according to a classification established by the United Nations

95

What is the income per head in the LDCs?

It is below $750

96

Déchirés

Torn

97

Rivalités

Strife

98

How many LDCs are there?

49

99

Where is the majority of LDCs located?

33/49 LDCs are located in sub-Saharan Africa

100

La mobilité sociale

Social mobility

101

La promotion sociale

Social advancement

102

L'ascension professionnelle

Career advancement
Professional advancement

103

L'ascenseur social

The social ladder

104

Monter dans l'échelle sociale

To move up the social ladder

105

Monter dans l'échelle sociale

To be upwardly mobile

106

L'ascension sociale

Upward social mobility

107

Un self-made-man

A self-made man

108

L'histoire de quelqu'un qui est passé de la misère à la richesse

The rags-to-riches story

109

Partir de rien

To start from scratch

110

Faire fortune

To strike gold
To strike it rich

111

L'égalité des chances

Equality of opportunity

112

Égalitaire

Egalitarian

113

L'égalitarisme

Egalitarianism

114

Le niveau social

Social standing

115

Le statut social

Social status

116

Le déclassement

Fall in status

117

What are the chances of a child born into a poor family to become one of the richest 5%?

1%

118

What are the chances of a child born into a wealthy family to become one of the richest 5%?

22%

119

Une baisse du niveau de vie

A decline in living standards

120

Peiner à s'en sortir

To struggle to get by
To struggle by

121

Avoir du mal à payer les factures

To have difficulty paying the bills

122

Joindre les deux bouts

To make ends meet

123

Vivre au jour le jour

To live from hand to mouth

124

Vivoter

To scrape by

125

Survivre

To survive

126

La survie

Survival

127

Sans abris

Homeless

128

Il y a de plus en plus de sans-abri

Homelessness is on the rise

129

Un clodo

A tramp
A bum

130

Une clocharde

A bag lady

131

Une soupe populaire

A soup kitchen
A bread line

132

Le quart-monde

The underclass

133

un taudis

A slum

134

Société normale

Mainstream society

135

What is "the big issue"?

It is a British street newspapers written by professional journalists and sold by homeless people.
It has been published since 1991 and sells over 300,000 copies a week