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Flashcards in Specific Neoplasms Deck (51)
1

Characteristics of pancreatic cancer

-Very aggressive
-Fast moving
-Invasive

2

Most common form of pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma

3

Who is most at risk for pancreatic cancer?

-Male dominant
-People over 60

4

Screening for pancreatic cancer

-Not really good screening
-CA 19- is used to confirm pancreatic cancer

5

Symptoms of pancreatic cancer

-Painless jaundice
-Weight loss
-Back pain (b/c its retroperitoneal)
-DTV
-Thromboplebitis
-elevated liver function tests

6

Common metastases of pancreatic cancer

-Liver
-Lung
-Peritoneum

7

Risk factors for pancreatic cancer?

-Family History
-Diabetes
-Smoking
-Chronic Pancreatitis
-Over 60 years old
-Male dominant

8

Complications of pancreatic cancer

Usually when its found its too late to do anything

9

Treatment of pancreatic cancer

-Chemo/Palliative Chemo
-Whipple- (remove pancreatic head, duodenum, and gall bladder)

10

Characteristics of lung cancer

-First largest cancer killer
-Very aggressive

11

Most common form of lung cancer

Lung adenocarcinoma

12

Screening for lung cancer

Low residue CAT scan if you have a 30 pack/year or more history

13

Symptoms of lung cancer

-Shortness of breath
-Weight loss
-Cough
-Hyponatremia
-Hemoptysis (coughing up blood)
-Pleural effusion

14

Risk factors for lung cancer

-Smoking
-Second Hand smoke
-Exposure to inhalants or chemicals

15

Treatment for lung cancer

-Surgery
-Radiation (combination of both)
-Chemo

16

This cancer is the 2nd largest killer

Colon Cancer

17

Non malignant tumor of the colon

Nonneoplastic

18

Premalignant tumor of the colon

Adenomatous polpys

19

2 types of adenomatous polyps

-Tubular Adenoma
-Villous Adenoma

20

This syndrome guarantees cancer by the age of 30

Familial Adenomatous Polyps syndrome

21

Describe familial adenomatous polyp syndrome

-Autosomal Dominant
-Colon cancer by 30
-Need a colectomy
-Colon is covered with thousands of polyps with malignant potential

22

Symptoms of colon cancer

-Change is stool caliber
-Constipation
-Change in bowel habits
-Anemia
-Weight loss
-Diarrhea
-blood in stool
-Abdominal Pain

23

Common Metastases of colon cancer

-Liver
-Lung
-Lymph
-Bone

24

What side of the colon doesn't show a ton of symptoms

The right side

25

Most common type of kidney cancer

-Renal Cell carcinoma (90% of renal malignancies)
-Transitional cell carcinoma (can occur in ureters, kidney, and bladder)

26

Risk factors for kidney cancer

-Smoking
-Over 65
-Men more than women

27

Characteristics of kidney cancer

-Can be aggressive
-Tends to get direct access to renal vein and artery

28

Symptoms of kidney cancer

-Hematuria
-Flank Pain
-Hypertension
-Hypercalcemia
-Polycythemia
-Inflammed bladder
-Painful urination

29

Metastases of kidney cancer

-Lung
-Liver

30

Screening for Kidney cancer

-Urinalysis over 40- looking for blood

31

Hematuria meansssss...

KIDNEY CANCER

32

Treatment of kidney cancer

-Surgery (removing the lesion does not guarantee that it doesn't come back

33

Characteristics of prostate cancer

-Most are androgen dependent
-Testosterone stimulates growth
-Not common in Asians and African Americans

34

Most common type of Prostate Cancer

-Prostate adenocarcinoma

35

Symptoms of prostate cancer

-Decreased stream
-Dribbling
- Hematuria
-Increased frequency

36

What are common metastases of prostate cancer?

Bone (rib, pelvic, and lumbar spine)

37

What are screening types for prostate cancer?

-PSA levels (look for the trend- prostate size is directly related to PSA levels)
-Prostate exam (should be the size of a walnut and symmetrical)

38

How are prostate cancers graded?

Gleason Score- grading of a prostate tumor based on biopsies

39

What is the screening technique for cervical cancer?

Paps

40

When should you get your first pap?

At 21 or 3 years after your first intercourse

41

Are vaccinations available for cervical cancer protection/prevention?

Yes- for males and females between 9 and 26

42

What are risk cancers for cervical cancer?

-Young at first intercourse
-Multiple partners
-Partner with multiple partners
-Persistent HPV infection
-Oral contraceptives
-Smoking

43

What is ASCUS

Atypica, squamous cell, undeterminant significance

44

ISIL?

-low grade
-higher regression rate

45

High Grade

-more persistant
-can lead to cancer

46

What are risk factors for breast cancer?

-Hormonal (estrogen promotes)
-Genetic (BRCA gene)
-Early menses
-Childlessness
-Having a child over 30 years old
-Increased breast density
-Late menopause
-If you have breast cancer in one, you are 10X more likely to have it in the other

47

What are the symptoms of breast cancer?

-None
-Lump
-Pain
-Asymmetric breasts
-Inverted nipple
-Wrinkled Tissues
-Nipple Discharge

48

Common metastases of breast cancer

-Lymph nodes
-Lung
-Liver
-Brain
-Bone

49

Treatment for breast cancer

-Surgery
-Radiation
-Chemo
-High reoccurrence rate
-If it is estrogen dependent- patients will be put on meds to inhibit estrogen

50

Preventative tests for breast cancer

Mammogram

51

What do you look for in a mammogram?

-Calcifications
-Lesions
-Anything abnormal