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Flashcards in Specific Neoplasms Deck (51)
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1

Characteristics of pancreatic cancer

-Very aggressive
-Fast moving
-Invasive

2

Most common form of pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma

3

Who is most at risk for pancreatic cancer?

-Male dominant
-People over 60

4

Screening for pancreatic cancer

-Not really good screening
-CA 19- is used to confirm pancreatic cancer

5

Symptoms of pancreatic cancer

-Painless jaundice
-Weight loss
-Back pain (b/c its retroperitoneal)
-DTV
-Thromboplebitis
-elevated liver function tests

6

Common metastases of pancreatic cancer

-Liver
-Lung
-Peritoneum

7

Risk factors for pancreatic cancer?

-Family History
-Diabetes
-Smoking
-Chronic Pancreatitis
-Over 60 years old
-Male dominant

8

Complications of pancreatic cancer

Usually when its found its too late to do anything

9

Treatment of pancreatic cancer

-Chemo/Palliative Chemo
-Whipple- (remove pancreatic head, duodenum, and gall bladder)

10

Characteristics of lung cancer

-First largest cancer killer
-Very aggressive

11

Most common form of lung cancer

Lung adenocarcinoma

12

Screening for lung cancer

Low residue CAT scan if you have a 30 pack/year or more history

13

Symptoms of lung cancer

-Shortness of breath
-Weight loss
-Cough
-Hyponatremia
-Hemoptysis (coughing up blood)
-Pleural effusion

14

Risk factors for lung cancer

-Smoking
-Second Hand smoke
-Exposure to inhalants or chemicals

15

Treatment for lung cancer

-Surgery
-Radiation (combination of both)
-Chemo

16

This cancer is the 2nd largest killer

Colon Cancer

17

Non malignant tumor of the colon

Nonneoplastic

18

Premalignant tumor of the colon

Adenomatous polpys

19

2 types of adenomatous polyps

-Tubular Adenoma
-Villous Adenoma

20

This syndrome guarantees cancer by the age of 30

Familial Adenomatous Polyps syndrome

21

Describe familial adenomatous polyp syndrome

-Autosomal Dominant
-Colon cancer by 30
-Need a colectomy
-Colon is covered with thousands of polyps with malignant potential

22

Symptoms of colon cancer

-Change is stool caliber
-Constipation
-Change in bowel habits
-Anemia
-Weight loss
-Diarrhea
-blood in stool
-Abdominal Pain

23

Common Metastases of colon cancer

-Liver
-Lung
-Lymph
-Bone

24

What side of the colon doesn't show a ton of symptoms

The right side

25

Most common type of kidney cancer

-Renal Cell carcinoma (90% of renal malignancies)
-Transitional cell carcinoma (can occur in ureters, kidney, and bladder)

26

Risk factors for kidney cancer

-Smoking
-Over 65
-Men more than women

27

Characteristics of kidney cancer

-Can be aggressive
-Tends to get direct access to renal vein and artery

28

Symptoms of kidney cancer

-Hematuria
-Flank Pain
-Hypertension
-Hypercalcemia
-Polycythemia
-Inflammed bladder
-Painful urination

29

Metastases of kidney cancer

-Lung
-Liver

30

Screening for Kidney cancer

-Urinalysis over 40- looking for blood