Stage 18 Flashcards Preview

Cambridge Latin Cumulative Vocabulary > Stage 18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Stage 18 Deck (93):
1

audeō, audēre, ausus sum. (semi-deponent)

1. I *dare*, venture, risk
2. (poetic) I am eager for battle.

2

caput, capitis, n.

1. head

3

cōnsistō, cōnsistere, cōnstitī, cōnstitum

1. I stop, stand, halt
2. I pause, linger
3. I harden, *stand firm*
4. I agree with.
5. I continue.
6. I exist.

4

dēmōnstrō, dēmōnstrāre, dēmōnstrāvī, dēmōnstrātum

1. I *show*, demonstrate, prove.
2. I *point out*.
3. I draw attention to.

5

discēdō, discēdere, discessī, discessum

1. I *leave, depart*.

6

fōrtasse (not comparable)

1. *perhaps*, possibly

7

frangō, frangere, frēgī, fractum

1. I *break*, shatter
2. I vanquish, defeat utterly

8

ibī (not comparable)

1. there (adv)

9

libenter, libentius, libentissimē

1. willingly, eagerly
2. *gladly*, cheerfully
3. with gusto

10

manus, manūs, f.

1. *hand*
2. (figuratively) bravery, valor
3. (figuratively) violence, fighting
4. handwriting
5. a side, part, faction
6. a stake (in dice)
7. a thrust with a sword

11

mīles, mīlitis, m.

1. soldier

12

nam (conj.)

1. *for*
2. thus
3. because
4. actually
5. regarding to

13

nox, noctis, f.

1. *night (period of time)*
2. Nox pars obscura diei est.
3. The night is a dim part of the day.
4. darkness
5. A dream
6. (figuratively) confusion
7. (figuratively) ignorance
8. (figuratively) death

14

nēmō, m.f.

1. no one, nobody, no man (pronoun)

15

obstō, obstāre, obstitī, obstātum

1. I stand before, in the way of.
2. I *thwart, hinder, obstruct, block*

16

pars, partis, f.

1. *part, piece*
2. some
3. faction
4. part (theatre)
5. function, duty
6. fate, lot

17

petō, petere, petīvī, petītum

1. I make for (somewhere).
2. I seek, aim at, desire.
3. I *beg, beseech*.
4. I attack.

18

posteā (not comparable)

1. *afterwards*, hereafter, thereafter
2. next, then

19

postrēmo (not comparable)

1. at last, finally

20

quō (adv.)

1. where

21

recūsō, recūsāre, recūsāvī, recūsātum

1. I *refuse*, decline.
2. I object to, reject.
3. (law) I protest, object.

22

saeviō, saevīre, saeviī, saevītum (no passive)

1. I *rage, vent anger*; I am furious.
2. (of wind or waves) I thrash about, move violently

23

omittō, omittere, omīsī, omissum

1. I let go, *drop*, let fall or let loose
2. I lay aside, give up, neglect or disregard
3. I omit (in speech)

24

vitrum, vitrī, n.

1. *glass*
2. a woad; a plant used for dying blue
3. woad; a blue dye used by the Britons made from that plant

25

alexandrinus, alexandrina, alexandrinum

1. Alexandrian

26

situs, sitūs, m.

1. The manner of lying; *the situation, position or site of something*.
2. A quarter of the world, region.
3. Rust, mould, mustiness, dust, dirt; soil.
4. Filthiness of the body.
5. (Late Latin) description
6. (figuratively) Neglect, idleness, absence of use.
7. (figuratively, of the mind) A rusting, moulding or wasting away, dullness, inactivity.

27

lucrum, lucrī, n.

1. *profit*, advantage
2. love of gain, avarice

28

dubitō, dubitāre, dubitāvī, dubitātum

1. I waver (in opinion), *am uncertain, doubt, question, am in doubt*.
2. I waver (in coming to a decision), hesitate, delay.
3. I reflect upon, ponder, consider, deliberate.

29

operae, pl. f.

1. hired thugs

30

extorqueō, extorquēre, extorsī, extortum

1. I *extort*.
2. I tear away, twist away, wrench out.

31

vīs, vīs, f. (3D)

1. *force*, power
2. *violence*

32

teneō, tenēre, tenuī, tentum

1. *I hold, have; grasp.*
2. *I possess, occupy, control, own.*
3. I watch, guard, maintain, defend; retain, keep.
4. I reach, attain; gain, acquire, obtain.
5. I hold fast, restrain, detain, check, control; bind, fetter.
6. (reflexive) I keep back, remain, stay, hold position.
7. I know, grasp, understand, conceive.
8. I recollect, retain knowledge of, remember, bear in mind.
9. I insist, uphold.
10. (of laws) I am binding on; bind, hold, obligate.
11. I comprise, contain, include, hold.

33

dīripiō, dīripere, dīripuī, dīreptum

1. I tear apart; I tear to pieces.
2. I lay waste.
3. *I loot, ransack; steal; rob.*
4. I whip out (a sword).
5. I run after; I compete for the company of.

34

īnfirmus, īnfirma, īnfirmum

1. *weak, feeble*

35

aureus, aurea, aureum

1. Made of gold, golden; gilded.
2. Of the color of gold, gold-colored; shining or glittering like gold.
3. (figuratively) Golden, beautiful, splendid, magnificent, excellent.
4. **(substantive) A gold coin equivalent to 25 denarii, aureus.**

36

sufficiō, sufficere, suffēcī, suffectum

1. I put under or among.
2. I dip, dye, steep, impregnate, tinge, imbue.
3. I appoint to a vacancy, choose as a substitute, employ in.
4. I give, yield, afford, supply, furnish, provide.
5. (of a building) I lay a foundation for.
6. (intransitive) *I am sufficient, am adequate, am capable, suffice, avail, satisfy*.

37

officīna, officīnae, f.

1. *workshop*, manufactory
2. a poultry house, henhouse

38

adeō (not comparable)

1. *so much, so greatly*

39

adeō, adīre, adiī, aditum (irregular)

1. *I approach, go to.*
2. I attend (a performance).
3. I undertake, undergo.

40

vītreus, vītrea, vītreum

1. *glassy, translucent*
2. vitreous

41

valva, valvae, f.

1. *double or folding door (in plural)*
2. one leaf of such doors

42

ēvulsus, ēvulsa, ēvulsum (perf. pass. part.)

1. **torn, pulled, plucked, or *wrenched* out or off**
2. erased, eradicated

43

vīcīnus, vīcīna, vīcīnum

1. *neighboring, in the neighborhood, nearby*
2. similar

44

nōmen, nōminis, n.

1. *name*
2. the middle name of a three-part freedman's Latin name
3. title
4. noun

45

autem (conjunction)

1. *but*
2. while, *however*
3. moreover, also

46

interrogō, interrogāre, interrogāvī, interrogātum

1. (transitive) I **ask, question, inquire**, consult.
2. (law, transitive) I examine, interrogate, question judicially
3. (transitive, often with lege) I seek a legal action against, go to law with, arraign, indict, sue.
4. (intransitive) I argue, reason (syllogistically).

47

praetereō, praeterīre, praeteriī, praeteritum

1. *I pass or go by*
2. I disregard, neglect, omit or miss
3. I surpass or excel

48

sūdō, sūdāre, sūdāvī, sūdātum

1. *I sweat, perspire*

49

tergeō, tergēre, tersī, tersum

1. *I rub, wipe, wipe off*, clean, cleanse.
2. I polish, burnish.

50

capillus, capillī, m.

1. **hair**; a single hair filament or the mass of hair growing from the head

51

admittō, admittere, admīsī, admissum

1. *I let in*; I admit.

52

amīcus, amīca, amīcum

1. *friendly, amicable*
2. welcome, pleasing

53

ōlla, ōllae, f.

1. pot, jar, **vase**

54

ōrnātus, ōrnāta, ōrnātum

1. furnished, equipped, having been furnished.
2. adorned, *decorated*, having been adorned.
3. (figuratively) honored, commended, having been praised.

55

praesidium, praesidiī, n.

1. defense, **protection**, help, aid, assistance
2. guard, garrison, convoy, escort

56

paulus, paula, paulum

1. **little, small**

57

“floccī nōn faciō”

"I don't give a hoot about"

58

sēcūrus, sēcūra, sēcūrum

1. careless, negligent
2. **unconcerned, untroubled, carefree**
3. fearless
4. quiet, composed, serene

59

renovō, renovāre, renovāvī, renovātum

1. I renew, **restore** or revive

60

condūcō, condūcere, condūxī, conductum

1. (transitive) I lead, bring or draw together; assemble, collect.
2. (transitive) I connect, join, unite; close up; coagulate.
3. **(transitive) I hire, rent, employ**, take on lease, undertake; farm; bribe.
4. (intransitive) I am conducive to, contribute to something by being useful, I am of use or profitable, serve.

61

reficiō, reficere, refēcī, refectum

1. I make over, make anew; remake, rebuild, reconstruct, restore, renew, **repair**, refit.
2. I reappoint, re-elect.
3. (of troops) I recruit, reinforce.
4. (of income) I get back, get in return, make again.
5. (of the body or mind) I make strong again, reinvigorate, refresh, recruit, restore.

62

ōrnāmentum, ōrnāmentī, n.

1. equipment, apparatus, furniture
2. **decoration, ornament, embellishment**
3. jewel

63

invicem (not comparable)

1. **in or by turn(s)**; alternately
2. reciprocally, mutually

64

aequus, aequa, aequum

1. **equal**
2. level, even
3. calm
4. **fair**, impartial

65

ut (conjunction, followed by the indicative)

1. **as**, just as

66

pius, pia, pium

1. **pious, devout**
2. dutiful, loyal
3. good, blessed

67

adōrō, adōrāre, adōrāvī, adōrātum

1. I speak to, accost, address; negotiate a matter with.
2. I bring an accusation, accuse.
3. I speak to someone to obtain something; ask, entreat, pray to, beseech, implore, plead.
4. (religion, of gods or related objects) I reverence, honor, **worship**, adore.
5. (in a non-religious sense) I admire, esteem highly, marvel at, reverence.

68

cōnsecrō, cōnsecrāre, cōnsecrāvī, cōnsecrātum

1. To **consecrate or dedicate**
2. To hallow or sanctify
3. To deify

69

coniungō, coniungere, coniunxī, coniunctum

1. I connect; I join or yoke together
2. I marry or unite
3. I juxtapose
4. I **associate, begin association (join)**

70

sacer, sacra, sacrum

1. **Sacred, holy, dedicated to a divinity, consecrated, hallowed**
2. Devoted to a divinity for sacrifice, fated to destruction, forfeited, accursed.
3. Divine, celestial.
4. (only poetic and in post-Augustan (Silver Age Latin) prose) Execrable, detestable, horrible, infamous; criminal, impious, wicked, abominable, cursed.

71

mystērium, mystēriī, n.

1. **mystery (secret rite or worship)**
2. secret

72

mulceō, mulcēre, mulsī, mulsum

1. **I stroke, graze, touch, pet, pat, or move lightly or gently.**
2. I make sweet or pleasant.
3. (figuratively) I soothe, soften, appease; caress, charm, flatter, delight; alleviate, relieve, mitigate.

73

patera, paterae, f.

1. A broad, flat dish or saucer, used especially for libations (fluid offering)

74

cōnfīdō, cōnfīdere, cōnfīsus sum (semi-deponent)

1. **I am confident or assured of, confide in, (+ Dat)believe, trust, place or put confidence in; rely upon.**

75

putō, putāre, putāvī, putātum

1. I clean, cleanse.
2. I arrange, settle.
3. I value, esteem, deem, regard.
4. I judge, suspect, suppose.
5. **I think, ponder, consider.**

76

vindex, vindicis, m.f.

1. claimant, champion, **defender, vindicator**

77

poena, poenae, f.

1. **penalty**
2. **punishment**

78

accurrō, accurrere, accucurrī, accursum

1. **I run or hasten (to help)**.
2. I charge or rush (to attack)

79

ēvellō, ēvellere, ēvellī, ēvulsum

1. **I tear, pull, wrench, or pluck off or out**
2. I erase or eradicate

80

frangō, frangere, frēgī, fractum

1. **I break, shatter**
2. I vanquish, defeat utterly

81

incendō, incendere, incendī, incensum

1. **(transitive) I set on fire, burn**, kindle.
2. (transitive) I heat, make hot, scorch.
3. (transitive) I light up with fire, make a fire upon.
4. (transitive) I make bright or shining, light up, brighten; adorn.
5. (transitive, figuratively) I set on fire, excite, rouse, incite; incense, irritate.
6. (transitive, figuratively) I enhance, raise, intensify.
7. (transitive, figuratively) I ruin, destroy, lay waste.

82

moneō, monēre, monuī, monitum

1. **I warn, advise.**
2. I remind.

83

tranquillitās, tranquillitātis, f.

1. quietness, **calmness**, stillness, tranquillity, serenity

84

scelestus, scelesta, scelestum

1. **wicked, villainous**, abominable
2. calamitous, unfortunate
3. (substantive) a wicked person.

85

dēserō, dēserere, dēseruī, dēsertum

1. I leave, depart, **desert, quit**
2. I forsake, abandon, give up
3. I let down

86

īnsiliō, īnsilīre, īnsiluī, īnsultum

1. **I leap upon or into**
2. I bound

87

abiciō, abicere, abiēcī, abiectum

1. **I throw or hurl down or away**, cast or push away or aside.
2. I give up, abandon; expose; discard.
3. I humble, degrade, reduce, lower, cast down.
4. I overthrow, vanquish.
5. I sell cheaply, undervalue; waste; degrade, belittle.
6. (with se) I throw myself on the ground; throw myself away, degrade myself, give up in despair.
7. (of weapons) I discharge, fling, hurl, cast, throw.

88

laedō, laedere, laesī, laesum

1. **I strike, hurt.**
2. I offend.
3. I thwart.
4. I betray.

89

taurus, taurī, m.

1. **a bull, steer**
2. an instrument of torture, in the shape of a bull
3. a small bird that sounds like the lowing of oxen, possibly the bittern
4. a kind of beetle
5. (anatomy) the perineum

90

rādō, rādere, rāsī, rāsum

1. I scrape, shave, **scratch.**
2. I rub, smooth.
3. I touch (upon), brush along, graze.

91

neque ... neque (conjunction)

1. **neither ... nor**

92

quot (adj., indeclinable)

1. **how many**

93

sōlus, sōla, sōlum

1. **alone, sole, only**, by oneself with no others around
2. solitary, uninhabited