Stage 21 Flashcards Preview

Cambridge Latin Cumulative Vocabulary > Stage 21 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Stage 21 Deck (80):
1

adiuvō, adiuvāre, adiūvī, adiūtum

1. **I help**, assist.
2. (figuratively) I cheer.

2

annus, annī, m.

1. **year**
2. time; season

3

ascendō, ascendere, ascendī, ascensum

1. **I climb up**, go up.
2. **I rise**, spring up.

4

barbarus, barbarī, m.

1. a foreigner
2. a savage, **barbarian**
3. an uncivilized man

5

cēlō, cēlāre, cēlāvī, cēlātum

1. **I hide (something from someone)**, cover, keep a secret, conceal.

6

circum (+ accusative)

1. **about**, around, near
2. through, among, to
3. nearby, at, in the neighborhood o

7

cōnfīdō, cōnfīdere, cōnfīsus sum (semi-deponent)

1. I am confident or assured of, **confide in (+ Dat)**, believe, trust, place or put confidence in; rely upon.

8

dēiciō, dēicere, dēiēcī, dēiectum

1. **I throw, cast, or hurl down**; precipitate.
2. I drive out, dislodge.
3. I kill, slay.
4. I lower, hang down, depress.
5. I deprive, rob (of).

9

dūrus, dūra, dūrum

1. **hard, harsh**, rough (of a touch)
2. harsh (of a taste)
3. hardy, vigorous
4. unyielding, unfeeling, stern
5. oppressive, severe

10

efficiō, efficere, effēcī, effectum

1. I make or work out; effect, **execute**, complete, **accomplish**, make, form, compose.
2. I cause to occur, bring about, effect.
3. I produce, bear, yield.
4. I yield, bear, amount to, make out.
5. (philosophy) I make out, show, prove, deduce.

11

extrahō, extrahere, extraxī, extractum

1. (transitive) I **drag, pull or draw forth or out**; extract, remove.
2. (transitive) I extricate, release; draw out, extract, eradicate.
3. (transitive, of time) I draw out, protract, prolong, put off.

12

fōns, fontis, m.

1. **a spring, fountain**
2. fresh water, spring water
3. (by extension) origin, source of something

13

gravis, gravis, grave

1. **heavy**
2. troublesome, hard
3. grave, **serious**

14

haruspex, haruspicis, m.

1. **diviner, soothsayer** who reads from the intestines of sacrificial animals; one who practices haruspicy.

15

hōra, hōrae, f.

1. **hour**
2. time
3. o'clock
4. season; time of year
5. vocative singular of hōra

16

īnfēlīx m.f.n., īnfēlīcis

1. unhappy, unfortunate
2. **unlucky**
3. unfruitful
4. causing misfortune

17

iubeō, iubēre, iussī, iussum

1. **I command, order**

18

morbus, morbī, m.

1. (of the body or mind) A disease, sickness, disorder, distemper, ailment, **illness**, malady.
2. (of the mind) A fault, vice, failing.
3. (of the mind) Sorrow, grief, distress.

19

nonnullus, nonnulla, nonnullum

1. **some, several, a few**
Note: Declines similar to ille, is, et cetera

20

nūper (Superlative: nuperrime)

1. **recently**

21

occupō, occupāre, occupāvī, occupātum

1. I **occupy**, fill, take up.
2. I seize, invade, take possession of.
3. I anticipate, make the first move.
4. I **employ, make use of**.

22

oppidum, oppidī, n.

1. **town**

23

perītus, perīta, perītum

1. **skillful**, skilled, expert, experienced, practiced
2. clever, skilfully constructed

24

plēnus, plēna, plēnum

1. **full**, filled, plump
2. satisfied

25

ulter, ultra, ultrum

1. **that is beyond**

26

pretium, pretiī, n.

1. That for or by which anything is bought or sold; **worth, price, value**
2. pay, hire, wage, reward
3. ransom
4. bribe
5. punishment

27

sapiō, sapere, sapīvī (no passive)

1. I taste of, smack of, have a flavor of.
2. I have **intelligence, or good taste or discernment**.
3. (figuratively) **I am wise or sensible**, discern.

28

suscipiō, suscipere, suscēpī, susceptum

1. I **take up, acknowledge, undertake**
2. I catch, receive
3. I bear, beget

29

balneum, balneī, n.

1. **bath, bathing place, bathroom**

30

cōnsulō, cōnsulere, cōnsuluī, cōnsultum

1. I **consult**, reflect, take counsel.

31

prūdentia, prūdentiae, f.

1. acquaintance, knowledge
2. sagacity, **prudence, discretion**
3. foresight

32

cōnsilium, cōnsiliī, n.

1. plan
2. council, advisory body
3. judgment, wisdom
4. **advice**

33

aegrōtus, aegrōta, aegrōtum

1. **sick, invalid**, ill, diseased, suffering

34

convalēscō, convalēscere, convaluī (no passive)

1. I **get better, recover (from an illness)**; I gain strength

35

exstruō, exstruere, exstruxī, exstructum

1. I pile, heap or **build up**
2. I construct

36

calliditās, calliditātis, f.

1. **shrewdness**, skill, skillfulness, readiness, aptness
2. **cunning**, craft, slyness, artfulness

37

prōcūrātor, prōcūrātoris, m.

1. **manager**, overseer, superintendent
2. agent, deputy

38

obēsus, obēsa, obēsum

1. eaten away, devoured, having been eaten away
2. wasted away, lean, meager, having been wasted away
3. (that is wasted away with fat) **fat, stout, plump, obese**
4. (figuratively) gross, heavy, dull, coarse

39

nimium (not comparable)

1. too, **too much**, excessively

40

rūrsus (not comparable)

1. backward, turned back
2. on the contrary
3. in return, in turn, **again**

41

modus, modī, m.

1. measure
2. bound, limit
3. **manner, method, kind**

42

dignitas, dignitātis, f.

1. worth, merit, **importance, prestige**
2. fitness, suitability
3. esteem, standing, rank
4. dignity

43

hostis, hostis, m.

1. an enemy of the state, a stranger
2. **enemy**

44

dēsinō, dēsinere, dēsiī, dēsitum

1. I leave off, give over, **cease**, desist.
2. I stop, **end**, close, make an end.

45

labor, labōris, m.

1. **work**

46

populus, populī, m.

1. **people**
2. nation

47

umquam (adverb)

1. **ever**

48

rīsus, rīsūs, m.

1. **laughter, laughing, a smile**
2. mockery, jest

49

praebeō, praebēre, praebuī, praebitum

1. I proffer.
2. I **provide**, grant, service.

50

mōs, mōris, m.

1. **custom**, usage, wont, rule

51

impōnō, impōnere, imposuī, impositum

1. I place on or upon, set upon, lay upon.
2. (figuratively) **I impose upon**, put upon, inflict upon.
3. (figuratively) I establish, fix, impose (e.g. a tax).

52

stultitia, stultitiae, f.

1. Folly, **stupidity**, foolishness, simplicity, silliness, fatuity.

53

“etiam minōris pretiī habeō”

"I care even less about"

54

officium, officiī, n.

1. duty, service
2. **office**

55

honor, honōris, m.

1. **honor, esteem**

56

velim (v., sing. pres. act. *subj.*)

1. **I would like**

57

potēns m.f.n., potentis

1. being able (to), able; potent, mighty, strong, **powerful**

58

colō, colere, coluī, cultum

1. I till, cultivate.
2. I inhabit.
3. I protect, nurture.
4. (figuratively) I worship, **honor, seek favor of**.

59

clārus, clāra, clārum

1. clear, bright
2. renowned, **distinguished, famous**

60

verbum, verbī, n.

1. **word**
2. proverb

61

terreō, terrēre, terruī, territum

1. **I frighten, terrify**, alarm.
2. I deter by terror, scare (away).

62

absēns m.f.n., absentis

1. **absent, missing**

63

prohibeō, prohibēre, prohibuī, prohibitum

1. I hold back or before, keep off, restrain; avert; **prevent**, hinder.
2. I forbid, prohibit.
3. I keep, preserve, defend, protect.

64

hinc (not comparable)

1. hence, from this place, **from here**.
2. henceforth.
3. because of this, from this cause.
4. next, afterwards

65

calceus, calceī, m.

1. **shoe**

66

auctōritās, auctōritātis, f.

1. support, backing
2. warrant
3. sanction, political sanction
4. power conferred, decree, order, rights, command
5. responsibility, opinion, judgment
6. legal title
7. influence, **authority**, prestige, reputation
8. influential person

67

raptim (not comparable)

1. **hastily, quickly** suddenly, speedily, hurriedly

68

tālis m.f., tāle n.

1. **such**
2. distinguished; so great; so excellent

69

reddō, reddere, reddidī, redditum

1. I give back, return, **restore**.
2. I give up, hand over, deliver, assign; surrender, resign.
3. I give or pay back; take revenge for, punish, inflict vengeance for.
4. I repeat, declare, report, narrate, recite, rehearse.
5. I represent, imitate, express, resemble.
6. I return in profit.

70

sānus, sāna, sānum

1. **sound in body, healthy**
2. sound in mind, sane
3. (of style) correct, sensible, sober, chaste

71

contrārius, contrāria, contrārium

1. **opposite, opposed, contrary**

72

porrō (adv.)

1. further, **furthermore**
2. onwards

73

etiam (not comparable)

1. **even, and also**, furthermore, besides
2. even now, as yet, even yet.

74

dīgnus, dīgna, dīgnum

1. **appropriate, fitting, worthy**, meet

75

nesciō, nescīre, nescīvī, nescītum

1. I cannot, **I do not know**, I am ignorant, I do not understand

76

venēnātus, venēnāta, venēnātum

1. venomous, poisonous
2. **poisoned**
3. enchanted, bewitched

77

venēnum, venēnī, n.

1. **poison**

78

exstinguō, exstinguere, exstinxī, exstinctum

1. I quench or **extinguish**
2. I kill or **destroy**

79

prōpōnō, prōpōnere, prōposuī, prōpositum

1. **I set forth**
2. I make known.
3. I declare.
4. **I propose**
5. (Ecclesiastical Latin) I designate.

80

quotiens (not comparable)

1. how often?
2. **as often as, whenever**