Stage 22 Flashcards Preview

Cambridge Latin Cumulative Vocabulary > Stage 22 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Stage 22 Deck (85):
1

adeptus, adepta, adeptum

1. overtaken
2. obtained
3. **having received, having obtained**

2

amor, amōris, m.

1. **love**

3

aureus, aurea, aureum

1. **Made of gold, golden**; gilded.
2. Of the color of gold, gold-colored; shining or glittering like gold.
3. (figuratively) Golden, beautiful, splendid, magnificent, excellent.
4. (substantive) A gold coin equivalent to 25 denarii, aureus.

4

avidē (comparative avidius, superlative avidissimē)

1. greedily, avariciously
2. hungrily, voraciously
3. **eagerly**, desirously

5

caelum, caelī, n.

1. (vault of) heaven
2. **sky**
3. atmosphere, climate, weather

6

dēcipiō, dēcipere, dēcēpī, dēceptum

1. I catch, ensnare, entrap, **deceive, trick**, mislead, beguile, elude, cheat.

7

dīrus, dīra, dīrum

1. fearful
2. ominous
3. (of character) **dreadful, detestable, awful**
4. (New Latin) Used as a species epithet

8

dissentiō, dissentīre, dissēnsī, dissēnsum

1. I dissent, **disagree** or differ

9

ēligō, ēligere, ēlēgī, ēlēctum

1. I pluck or root out, extract.
2. (figuratively, of persons or things) **I pick out, choose**, elect.

10

exitium, exitiī, n.

1. **destruction, ruin**
2. beginner, novice

11

fundō, fundere, fūdī, fūsum (limited passive)

1. (transitive) **I pour out**, shed.
2. (transitive) I found, make by smelting.
3. (transitive, figuratively) I moisten, wet.
4. (transitive) I extend, spread out.
5. (transitive) I utter.

12

iactō, iactāre, iactāvī, iactātum

1. **I throw, cast, hurl**.
2. I scatter, toss.
3. (figuratively) I disturb, disquiet.
4. I utter, speak, throw out.
5. I hurl insults.
6. I boast, act conceitedly.
7. I am officious.

13

incipiō, incipere, incēpī, inceptum

1. **begin**

14

ingressus, ingressa, ingressum

1. entered, **having entered**
2. engaged in
3. begun, commenced

15

iniciō, inicere, iniēcī, iniectum

1. **I throw, cast, hurl or place in, on, into, upon, over or at**.
2. I take hold of, lay my hands upon.
3. I seize, take possession of.
4. I inspire, infuse, cause.
5. I dwell or reflect upon.
6. I suggest, mention.

16

lacrima, lacrimae, f.

1. **a tear (drop)**

17

minimus, -a, -um (superlative of parvus)

1. **very little, least**

18

molestus, molesta, molestum

1. **troublesome**, irksome, grievous, annoying, tiresome

19

parcō, parcere, pepercī, parsum

1. I refrain; I forbear
2. **(with dative) I am lenient to; I spare**

20

precātus, precāta, precātum

1. beseeched, entreated
2. **having prayed (to)**

21

quantus, quanta, quantum

1. how much, how many, **how big**

22

tardus, tarda, tardum

1. slow, sluggish
2. tardy
3. **late**, lingering
4. dull, stupid

23

tūtus, tūta, tūtum

1. **safe**, prudent
2. secure
3. protected

24

virtūs, virtūtis, f.

1. manliness, manhood, virility
2. **courage**, resoluteness
3. virtue, goodness
4. character
5. excellence

25

vītō, vītāre, vītāvī, vītātum

1. **I avoid**
2. I shun

26

loquāx m.f.n., loquācis

1. **talkative**

27

dīligentia, dīligentiae, f.

1. **diligence, hard work**, care, attentiveness
2. economy, frugality, thrift

28

locūtus, locūta, locūtum

1. spoken, **having spoken.**

29

fībula, fībulae, f.

1, clasp, buckle, **brooch**

30

modestus, modesta, modestum

1. moderate, calm, restrained, mild
2. **modest, reserved, discreet**

31

quālis m.f., quāle n.

1. **what (kind of [e.g., man, thing])**

32

fingō, fingere, finxī, fictum

1. I shape, fashion, form.
2. I adorn, dress, arrange.
3. I dissemble; **I alter the truth in order to deceive; feign; pretend**.
4. I train, teach, instruct.

33

bellum, bellī, n.

1. **war**

34

mīlle c (plural mīlia n)

1. **(cardinal) thousand; 1000**

35

occīdō, occīdere, occīdī, occīsum

1. I fell, cut to the ground; beat, smash, crush.
2. I cut off, **kill, slay**, slaughter.
3. (by extension) I plague to death, torture, torment, pester.
4. (by extension) I ruin, undo, bring about the ruin of.

36

lēgātus, lēgātī, m.

1. An envoy, ambassador, legate
2. A lieutenant, **commander**

37

alter, altera, alterum

1. **the other, the second**
2. (gen. & dat. like 3D)

38

occurrō, occurrere, occurrī, occursum

1. I run to; **I go to meet**.
2. I charge, rush to attack.
3. **I meet**, go to, come to.
4. I resist, oppose, counterattack.
5. (figuratively) I answer, reply, especially in objection.
6. (figuratively) I present myself, suggest myself, appear, occur, especially to the mind.
7. (figuratively) I reach, attain.

39

lacertus, lacertī, m.

1. **The muscular part of the upper arm, including the shoulder, biceps, and triceps.**
2. The arm
3. muscle (strength)

40

bracchium, bracchiī, n.

1. forearm
2. **arm (shoulder to fingers)**
3. limb of an animal (e.g. claw, tentacle)
4. branch (of a tree)
5. arm of branch of the sea
6. (military) earthwork
7. (military) arm of a catapult

41

bulbus, bulbī, m.

1. **bulb (especially an edible bulb such as the onion)**

42

contemnō, contemnere, contempsī, contemptum

1. **I scorn, reject**, despise

43

suspirium, suspiriī, n.

1. deep breath
2. sigh
3. **(figuratively) heart-throb**

44

tangō, tangere, tetigī, tāctum

1. **(transitive) I touch, grasp**.
2. (transitive) I reach, arrive at.
3. (transitive) I attain to.
4. (transitive) I move, affect.
5. (transitive) I come home to.

45

notō, notāre, notāvī, notātum

1. I mark, make a mark.
2. **I write, jot down, especially in shorthand.**
3. I write remarks or notes.
4. I signify, denote.
5. (figuratively) I hint at.
6. (figuratively) I mark, note, observe.
7. (figuratively) I brand as infamous; I censure.

46

summa, summae, f.

1. **top, summit, highest point or place**
2. the principal or main thing
3. sum, summary, **total**

47

ratiō, ratiōnis, f.

1. reason
2. calculation, computation
3. **sum, number**
4. method, order
5. system, theory

48

rēctē (adv.)

1. **correctly**

49

inquam (defective vb)

1. **I said**

50

grātīs (not comparable)

1. out of favor or kindness, without recompense or compensation, gratuitously, **free**

51

colloquium, colloquiī, n.

1. **conversation, talk, chat**
2. discussion
3. interview
4. conference
5. parley

52

nimis (not comparable)

1. **too**, too much, excessively

53

īnsum, īnesse, īnfuī, īnfutūrus

1. **to be in, to be on**
2. to belong to, to be involved in or with.

54

tamquam (not comparable)

1. as much as, so as, just as
2. as if, so to speak
3. **as, like**

55

dēfixio, dēfixiōnis, f.

1. **curse tablet**
2. vocative singular of dēfixio

56

ōmen, ōminis, n.

1. **an omen**

57

gutta, guttae, f.

1. **a drop or droplet (of fluid)**
2. (in the plural) spots or specks (of an animal or stone)
3. (architecture) a small ornament under the triglyphs of a Doric column

58

ālea, āleae, f.

1. **(games) a die**
2. **(games) any game involving dice**
3. (gambling) the game of chance

59

lūdō, lūdere, lūsī, lūsum

1. **I play (a game or sport).**
2. I frolic, behave playfully.
3. I practice, amuse myself with.
4. I sport, play amorously.
5. I mock, mimic.
6. I tease, ridicule.
7. I deceive, trick.

60

praesertim (adv.)

1. **especially**
2. particularly

61

arrogantia, arrogantiae, f.

1. An assuming, presumption; **arrogance, conceitedness**
2. Pride, haughtiness, insolence.
3. Obstinacy, stubbornness.

62

ōdī (present infinitive ōdisse, supine ōsum, defective)

1. **I hate**, detest.
2. I dislike; I am displeased by.

63

tabula, tabulae, f.

1. **tablet, sometimes a tablet covered with wax for writing**
2. board or plank
3. (by extension) map, painting, document or other item put onto a tablet

64

imprecātiō, imprecātiōnis, f.

1. The act of imprecating, or invoking evil upon someone; a prayer that a curse or calamity may befall someone.
2. **A curse**

65

dīlaniō, dīlaniāre, dīlaniāvī, dīlaniātum

1. **I shred, tear to pieces**
2. I rend asunder

66

ēiciō, ēicere, ēiēcī, ēiectum

1. I cast, thrust or drive out, expel, **throw out**, eject; reject.
2. I rush out.
3. I drive a ship to land; run aground, cast ashore, wreck, strand.

67

humī (not comparable)

1. **on the ground**.
2. to the ground.

68

molliō, mollīre, mollīvī, mollītum

1. I soften.
2. **I make calm, soothe**, moderate, mitigate.
3. (figuratively) I make unmanly or effeminate.

69

clēmēns m.f.n., clēmentis

1. **merciful, lenient**
2. mild, gentle, quiet, peaceful, easy, moderate
3. compliant

70

vincō, vincere, vīcī, victum

1. to win, **to conquer**

71

sēcrētus, sēcrēta, sēcrētum (part.)

1. put apart, sundered, severed, separated, having been separated
2. (figuratively) disjoined, parted, dissociated, having been parted
3. (figuratively) distinguished, discerned, having been discerned
4. (figuratively) set apart, rejected, excluded, having been excluded
5. (figuratively) secluded, deserted, having been secluded
6. (figuratively) confided only to a few, **secret**, hidden

72

neglegō, neglegere, neglēxī, neglēctum

1. I am indifferent to, disregard, ignore, slight, **neglect**.
2. I overlook, pass over, neglect.
3. I despise, condemn.

73

gressus, gressa, gressum (part.)

1. Stepped, walked, having stepped or walked.
2. Advanced, gone, **having advanced or gone**

74

pallium, palliī, n.

1. **cloak**
2. coverlet

75

vestīmentum, vestimentī, n.

1. clothes
2. **garment, robe**

76

"persōnam (gen. noun) agere"

"to play the part of"

77

brevis m.f., breve n.

1. (of distance) small, little, narrow
2. (of height or depth) short, low, shallow
3. **(of time) brief, short**
4. (phonology, of a syllable) short

78

praetereā (not comparable)

1. **besides**, moreover
2. thereafter, henceforth
3. in addition

79

mōmentum, mōmentī, n.

1. movement, motion, impulse; course
2. change, revolution, movement, disturbance
3. particle, part, point
4. (of time) brief space, moment, short time
5. cause, circumstance; weight, influence, **importance**, moment

80

tenebra, tenebrae, f.

1. **(almost always plural) darkness, shadow**, gloom, obscurity
2. ignorance
3. concealment

81

siccō, siccāre, siccāvī, siccātum

1. I **dry**, drain, exhaust

82

auferō, auferre, abstulī, ablātum

1. I take away, carry off, remove, withdraw; separate, sever, divide.
2. **I take or snatch away, take by force or violently, abduct, rob, steal, snatch**.
3. I bear, carry, waft or sweep away.
4. I carry away, mislead, deceive.
5. I banish, dispel.
6. I take off or away, destroy, kill, slay, consume.
7. I cease from, desist from, leave off.
8. I obtain, gain, get, receive, acquire.

83

longē (comparative longius, superlative longissimē)

1. (of space) long, a long way off, far, far off, at a distance
2. (of time) long, for a long period of time
3. **widely, greatly, much, very much**

84

errō, errāre, errāvī, errātum

1. **I go astray, make a mistake, err**

85

exuō, exuere, exuī, exūtum

1. I extract, take out.
2. I free.
3. **I take off (clothes, shoes)**
4. I refuse.