Strengths and Weaknesses of First FYP Flashcards Preview

ALevel History > Strengths and Weaknesses of First FYP > Flashcards

Flashcards in Strengths and Weaknesses of First FYP Deck (23):
1

Industrial strength: R. Davies on heavy industry

'Heavy industry expended at an accelerating pace' and the labour force 'rapidly expanded'

2

Industrial/Ag weakness: R. Davies 1930-32

Struggled to meet overambitious targets, collectivisation halted.

3

Industrial strength: industrial cities

Constructed from scratch by enthusiastic young communists: Magnitogorsk, Gorki however didn't come into full production until 1934 (second plan)

4

Industrial: resources

Targeted on heavy industry, consumer/small scale industries starved of resources: consumer needs were rejected eg. hard to buy a pair of shoes in 1930s

5

Industrial strength: impressive gains in heavy industry

for example engineering

6

Industrial weakness: targets not met

Not met in key areas such as steel, chemical, transport. Coal and iron targets weren't met but had impressive gains.

7

Industrial weakness: gaps in infrastructure

Road and rail transport was inadequate to meet demands and transport and housing couldn't cope with increase in town dwellers

8

Industrial strength/weakness: Labour

Unemployment eliminated in 1930 - unlike NEP however there was now a shortage of labour.

9

Industrial weakness: inexperienced workers

Peasants from countryside were inexperienced and unprepared for harsh demands, there were few specialists such as engineers

10

Weakness: rationing

There were few goods to buy

11

Agricultural weakness: state prices

Peasants were paid low prices for their produce set by the state.

12

Industrial: Nove, growing pains

'The worst period in Russia's own history coincided with crashes in the capitalist world, at least Russia's troubles could be seen as growing pains'

13

Industrial weakness: quality over quantity

Adapted in order to meet quantitative targets so suitability and variation was discarded

14

Industrial strength: coal production (million tonnes)

35.5 in 1928, 64.4 in 1932

15

Strength of time: finished early

in 1932, only four years

16

Industrial strength: output

Rised 170% in 1928 from 1913

17

Industrial strength: production levels

Electricity trebled, iron doubled and steel up one third

18

Industrial strength: new workforce

Women, convicts and peasants. During plan workforce doubled.

19

Industrial strength: new technology

Acquired from abroad, paid for by grain exports.

20

Agricultural/political strength: Countryside

Acquired more control over the countryside eg. collective farms

21

Agricultural weakness: deaths and output

Millions of ag. related deaths, 4 million in 1932 alone, and lower output

22

Political strength/Economic weakness: elimination of capitalist elements

Small private efficient industries eliminated

23

Industrial weakness: major projects not completed

For example hydro-electric power stations