Flashcards in Stuffy Nose Deck (21)
What is a topical steroid used in the treatment of nasal conditions?
What is an Antihistamine used in the treatment of nasal conditions?
What is a nasal Decongestant used in the treatment of nasal conditions?
What Anticholinergics are used in the treatment of nasal conditions?
What Leukotriene blockers are used in the treatment of nasal conditions?
What are the primary symptoms of someone with a blocked nose?
Loss of smell
What are the secondary symptoms of someone with a blocked nose?
Loss of taste
List some causes of permanent allergic rhinitis.
House Dust Mites
List some causes of intermittent allergic rhinitis.
Grass Tree pollen and Fungal spores
What is the triad of treatment for allergic rhinitis?
What is the treatment plan of someone with allergic rhinitis?
2. Topica Steroid
3. Topical Steroid + Antihistamines
In infective rhinitis what is the most common cause?
Viral - Adeno Corona Rhinovirus
What condition has a strong association with nasal polyps?
Non allergic rhinitis
What is the mainstay of treatment for nasal polyps?
Topical steroid treatment
Surgery if polyps are unresponsive, followed by topical steroids.
What does someone with acute rhinosinusitis present with?
What is the treatment for rhinosinusitis?
Decongestion - xylometazoline, pseudephedrine
What are some risks of rhinosinusitis?
Frontal lobe abscess
In a case of suspected allergic rhinitis what should the patient undergo?
Skin Prick testing
RAST - IgE levels
In a case of nasal trauma what should be watched out for?
What is the risk of a septal haemotoma?
Blood is prevented from reaching the cartilage leading to the death of the cartilage and collapse of the nose.