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Flashcards in Stuffy Nose Deck (21)
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1

What is a topical steroid used in the treatment of nasal conditions?

Beclomethasone

2

What is an Antihistamine used in the treatment of nasal conditions?

Cetirizine

3

What is a nasal Decongestant used in the treatment of nasal conditions?

Pseudoephedrine
Xylometazoline

4

What Anticholinergics are used in the treatment of nasal conditions?

Ipratropium

5

What Leukotriene blockers are used in the treatment of nasal conditions?

Montelukast

6

What are the primary symptoms of someone with a blocked nose?

Loss of smell
Discharge
Facial Pain

7

What are the secondary symptoms of someone with a blocked nose?

Dry mouth
Sore throat
Snoring
Halitosis
Loss of taste

8

List some causes of permanent allergic rhinitis.

House Dust Mites
Cats
Dogs

9

List some causes of intermittent allergic rhinitis.

Grass Tree pollen and Fungal spores

10

What is the triad of treatment for allergic rhinitis?

Allergen avoidance
Symptomatic therapy
Immunotherapy

11

What is the treatment plan of someone with allergic rhinitis?

1. Antihistamine
2. Topica Steroid
3. Topical Steroid + Antihistamines

12

In infective rhinitis what is the most common cause?

Viral - Adeno Corona Rhinovirus

13

What condition has a strong association with nasal polyps?

Non allergic rhinitis

14

What is the mainstay of treatment for nasal polyps?

Topical steroid treatment
Surgery if polyps are unresponsive, followed by topical steroids.

15

What does someone with acute rhinosinusitis present with?

Facial pain
Purulent discharge
Nasal Blockage

16

What is the treatment for rhinosinusitis?

Analgesics
Decongestion - xylometazoline, pseudephedrine

17

What are some risks of rhinosinusitis?

Orbital abscess
Frontal lobe abscess
Meningitis

18

In a case of suspected allergic rhinitis what should the patient undergo?

Skin Prick testing
RAST - IgE levels

19

In a case of nasal trauma what should be watched out for?

Septal haemotoma

20

What is the risk of a septal haemotoma?

Blood is prevented from reaching the cartilage leading to the death of the cartilage and collapse of the nose.

21

If a young child presents with unilateral discharge from one nostril what is it likely to be?

Foreign object