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Flashcards in Sue - Neuromuscular Deck (18):

What is the role of muscle spindles?

They detect how FAR and how FAST a muscle is stretched and produce stretch reflex


What is the role of Golgi Tendon Organs?

They detect levels of tension in a muscle. When a muscle is being stretched in PNF, they sense tension and send inhibitory signals to the brain which allows lengthening of the muscle


What type of contraction occurs in PNF?



Basic description of PNF

Passive stretch, muscle spindles detect stretch, stretch reflex occurs, isometric stretch for 10s with resistance, Golgi-tendon organs activated, signals to override the signals from muscle spindles, delays stretch reflex
= allows the leg to stretch further


Sympathetic system is the.....................................response

'Fight or flight'


Parasympathetic system is the.............response

'Rest and relax'


What are muscle fibres and motor neurones grouped into?

Motor units


What type of motor unit would a small muscle used for fine motor control have?

Small motor unit


What type of motor unit would a large muscle used for gross motor control have?

Large motor unit


What two types of fibres can be present in motor units?

Fast-twitch fibres and Slow-twitch fibres


In order to achieve maximal contractions, what is needed?

A large motor unit, containing fast-twitch fibres and recruitment of lots of motor units


Where a sequence of impulses has to be of sufficient intensity to stimulate ALL of the muscle fibres in a motor unit in order for them to contract

All or none law


Where there is repeated nerve impulse with no time to relax so a smooth, sustained contraction occurs rather than twitches

Wave summation


A sustained powerful muscle contraction caused by a series of fast repeating stimuli

Tetanic contraction


When the strength of contraction changes by the altering the number and size of the muscle's motor units

Spatial summation


Give three functional characteristics of type IIx (2x) muscle fibres? - used by footballers

1. Fast contraction speed (ms)
2. Quick to fatigue
3. High force produced
4. Very high anaerobic capacity
5. Fast motor neurone conduction capacity


Give three functional characteristics of Type I (1) muscle fibre? - used by triathletes

1. High Myoglobin content
2. High Capillary density
3. High Mitochondrial density
4. Slow contraction speed (ms)
5. Small forced produced


Name the three muscle fibres?

Type I
Type IIa
Type IIx