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Flashcards in Surg 102--Chap 10 (Fuller) Deck (33):
0

Surg Tech's must be aware of the risks and dangers associated with positioning the patient for surgery.

True

2

All staff members need to protect their own health by using approved methods for patient movement and handling.

True

3

Moving a patient always poses the risk of an accident.

True

4

Never try to lift or maneuver the patient while reaching forward, away from your center of gravity.

True

5

Patient identification is a critical issue in health care.

True

6

The surgical team must be guided and directed in the position process. The ACP, surgeon, and circulator draw this direction from their knowledge of the patient's status.

True

7

Never leave a child unattended or unobserved.

True

8

Greater than normal extension is _____.

hyperextension

9

Greater than normal flexion is _____.

hyperflexion

10

Nerve injury from hyperextension or hyper flexion is a _____.

traction injury

11

Continuous pressure on the nerve or its blood can cause _____.

necrosis

12

Compression of vessels restricts the blood supply to the tissue, this is called _____.

ischemia

13

What is stage 1 of the classification of pressure damage and stages of pressure ulcers?

Nonblanchable erythema of intact skin, the heralding lesion of skin ulceration

14

What is stage 2 of the classification of pressure damage and stages of pressure ulcers?

Partial-thickness skin loss involving the epidermis and/or dermis. A superficial ulcer evolves and develops clinically as an abrasion, a blister, or a shallow crater

15

What is stage 3 of the classification of pressure damage and stages of pressure ulcers?

Full-thickness skin loss, involving damage to or necrosis of subcutaneous tissue, that may extend down to but not through underlying fascia. The ulcer presents clinically as a deep crater with or without undermining of adjacent tissue

16

What is stage 4 of the classification of pressure damage and stages of pressure ulcers?

Full-thickness skin loss with extensive destruction, tissue necrosis, or damage to muscle, bone, or supporting structures

17

The ulnar nerve where is passes through the _____ of the elbow.

condylar groove

18

The ulnar nerve where is passes through the condylar groove and then at the _____.

cubital tunnel

19

The common _____ and _____ nerve and vessels where they pass through the popliteal fossa at the back of the knee

peroneal and tibial

20

The _____, which is a complex anatomical area where the branches of nerve roots from C-5 to T1 or T2 merge.

brachial plexus

21

The _____ nerve roots at the base of the spine.

lumbosacral

22

A _____ is associated with a pressure injury

shear injury

23

A _____ is a blood clot that circulates in the vascular system and lodges in a vessel, causing obstruction or occlusion.

thromboembolus (thrombus)

24

_____ is placed on the patient's legs before long procedures or on patients predisposed to clot formation.

Antiembolism stockings or sequential compression device (SCD)

25

Supine position (dorsal recumbent position)

-patient on back
-used for procedures of the abdomen, thorax, and face
-feet must no extend over the edge of the table
-legs must not be crossed

26

Trendelenburg position

-variation of supine, table is tilted head down
-permits greater access to the lower abdominal cavity and pelvic structures
-gravity retracts organs such as the small intestine, proximal large bowel, and omentum towards head

27

Reverse Trendelenburg position (foot down)

-variation of supine, table is tilted foot down
-unobstructed access to the upper peritoneal cavity and lower esophagus
-instruments must be secured by a magnetic pad or pocket holders

28

Lithotomy position

-patients thighs are abducted, and both knees and hips are flexed
-feet or in stirrups
used for gynecological, obstetrical, and genitourinary procedures
-can cause severe tissue injury

29

Low lithotomy position

-maintained by stirrups or knee crutches
-allows access to the perineum and pelvic structures

30

Sitting (Fowler) position

-orthopedic procedures
-used for facial, cranial, or reconstructive breast surgery

31

Lateral (Sims) position

-orthopedic procedures
-used for renal system and cardiothoracic surgery
-patient anesthetized in supine position
-need at least 4 people

32

Prone position

-lying face down
-allow access to the spine, cranium, and perianal region
-patient anesthetized in supine position
-4 to 6 people required

33

Jackknife (Kraske) position

-simultaneous head-down and foot-down posture
-anorectal surgery