Surg 102--Chapter 4 (Fuller) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Surg 102--Chapter 4 (Fuller) Deck (45):
1

abandonment

A health professional's failure to provide care to a patient, especially when there is an implied contract to do so.

3

administrative law

A law created by an agency or a department of the government.

3

advance directive

A document in which a person gives instructions about his or her medical care in the event that the individual canno speak for himself.

5

cognitive impairment

A physiological condition in which a person is unable to carry out normal cognitive tasks, such as rational decision making.

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common law

Binding decisions made by a court judge and based on the precedent of a similar case.

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Constitutional law

The supreme law of the nation in the United States.

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court trial

A trial in which a judge determines the factual evidence and makes the final judgment.

8

damages

Money awarded in a civil lawsuit to compensate the injured party.

10

defamation

A derogatory statement concerning another person's skill, character, or reputation.

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delegation

The assignment of one's duties to another person.

12

deposition

The testimony of a witness given under oath and transcribed by a court reporter during the pretrial phase of a civil lawsuit.

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dilemma

A situation or personal conflict which arises from a need to make a decision and none of the choices are acceptable.

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ethical delimma

Situations in which ethical choices involve conflicting values.

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ethics

Standards of behavior that are accepted within groups.

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hospital policy

A set of rules or regulations that hospital employees are required to follow. They are created to protect patients and employees from harm and to ensure smooth operation of the hospital.

17

incident report

A written description of any event that caused harm or presented the risk of harm to a patient or staff in the course of normal health care.

18

informed consent

A process and a legal document that states the patient's surgical procedure and the risks, consequences, and benefits of that procedure. Must be signed by the patient, or rep, before surgery can proceed.

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insurance

A contract in which the insurance company agrees to defend the policy holder if that individual is sued for acts covered by the policy and to pay any damages up to the policy limit.

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jury trial

A trial in which a case is presented to a selected jury, and the facts and final judgment are determined by the jury.

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laws

Standards that apply to all people in a given society.

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liable

Legally responsible and accountable.

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libel

Defamation in writing.

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living will

A legal document that states what the patient's wish to refuse or limit care if the patient becomes incompetent.

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malpractice

Negligence commited by a professional. Also may be committed if a person deliberately acts outside of his scope of practice or while impaired.

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medical ethics

A branch of ethics concerned with the practice of medicine.

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medical power of attorney

A legal document signed by a person who is giving another individual the power to make health care decisions for the first person if he becomes incompetent, unconscience, or unable to make decisions for himself.

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medical practice act

State laws that define the practice of medicine.

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negligence

Can occur two ways: can be a failure to do something that a reasonable person, guided by the ordinary considerations that regulate human affairs, would do; or, it can be the act of doing something that a reasonable and prudent person would not do.

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nurse practice acts

State laws that define the practice of nursing.

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operative report

A patient record of the surgery, which is maintained and submitted by the attending circulating nurse.

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perjury

The crimeof intentionally lying or falsifying information during court testimony after a person has sworn to tell the truth.

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professional ethics

Ethical behavior established by authoritative peers of a particular profession.

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professional license

Governmental permission to perform specified actions.

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punitive

Actions intended to punish a person who has violated the law.

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retained object

An item that is inadvertently left inside the patient during surgery.

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Safe Medical Device Act

A federal regulation that requires the reporting of any incident causing death or injury that is suspected to be the result of a medical device.

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sentinel event

An unexpected incident resulting in serious physical injury, psychological harm, or death. The risk of injury or harm is also considered a sentinel event.

39

sexual harassment

Sexual coercion, sexual innuendoes, or unwanted sexualcomments, gestures, or touch.

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slander

Spoken defamation.

41

standard of conduct

A set of rules or guidelines an organization writes for its members. The rules pertain to how people behave and are based on the priciples that the organization values, such as honesty, professionalism, compassion, and integrity.

41

statutes

Laws passed by legislative bodies.

43

subpoena

A court order requiring its recipient to appear and testify at a trial or deposition. Medical records can also be the subject of subpoenas.

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summons

A court-issued document that is received by a person being sued, notifying the person that he is a defendant in the lawsuit.

45

time out

A mandated procedure for ensuring that surgery is performed on the correct site and side. Time out is a pause before the start of surgery, before the incision is made, when all members of the team verify the correct side and site.

45

tort

A wrong, independent of contract law violations, perpetrated by one person against another person or another person's property. Any act of negligence or fraud compensable by money damages. Torts may be intentional or negligent in nature.