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Flashcards in SUT Study Questions Deck (64):
1

What are the two categories of patrols?

Combat and Reconnaissance

2

What are the five principles of patrolling?

Planning; Reconnaissance; Security; Control; Common Sense

3

Explain the difference between movement and maneuver.

Tactical movement is the positioning of units on the battlefield in preparation for combat. Movement ends when ground combat is made or the unit reaches its destination;
Maneuver is movement supported by fire to gain a position of advantage over the enemy

4

What are the nine principles of tactical movement?

Always have 360-degree security
Maintain unit cohesion - platoon, squad, & team integrity
Maintain visual contact/communication
Maintain speed/momentum
Screen movement with covered and/or concealed routes
Maintain noise and light discipline
Make contact with the smallest element forward
Choose movement formation/technique based on METT-TC
Good route selection that best facilitates mission requirements
Maintaining proper dispersion between all elements

5

Fire teams, squads, and platoons use various formations. Where does the leader always position him/herself within ANY formation?

Where they can best command and control the formation

6

Complete this statement about patrol FORMATIONS:
"Each formation aids ________________, ______________, and _____________ to varying degrees. Leaders use formations for _______________, _________________, and __________________."

control; security; firepower; control; flexibility; security

7

Draw and label the positions of a Fire Team Wedge.

Draw it

8

Draw and label the positions of a Fire Team File.

Draw it

9

Draw and label the positions of a Fire Team Line.

Draw it

10

Draw and label the positions of a Diamond formation.

Draw it

11

Draw and label the positions of a Squad Column.

Draw it

12

Draw and label the positions of a Squad File.

Draw it

13

Draw and label the positions of a Squad Line.

Draw it

14

What is incorrect about this statement:
"Movement techniques are fixed formations."

Movement techniques are neither fixed nor are they formations

15

What two general principles are used in considering a movement technique?

Likelihood of enemy contact and relative need for speed

16

Name four specific battlefield factors to consider when deciding on a movement technique.

likelihood of enemy contact, type of contact expected, availability of an overwatch element, terrain through which the element is moving, balance of degrees of speed need vs security during the movement

17

What are the the types of movement techniques?

traveling; traveling overwatch, and bounding overwatch

18

Which movement technique best facilitates speed? What is the most significant tradeoff for speed in this type of movement technique? Given the tradeoff, when would you choose to use this movement technique?

Traveling; Security; May be used when enemy contact is unlikely and speed is important

19

Traveling Overwatch is an extended form of Traveling, but it provides what? When would you choose to use this movement technique?

Additional security; When speed is desireable but contact is possible

20

In Traveling with a squad sized element, what is the dispersion between men and between Fire Teams?

10 meters between men; 20 meters between Fire Teams

21

In Traveling Overwatch with a squad sized element, what is the dispersion between men and between Fire Teams?

20 meters between men; 50 meters between Fire Teams

22

When moving with a platoon sized element, which squad should typically use traveling overwatch?

Typically, only the lead squad; however, if desired all squads may use it

23

When moving with a platoon sized element, how far ahead should the lead element be in front of the rest of the platoon? Why?

Between 50-100 meters, depending on terrain, vegetation, light and weather conditions; The lead squad must be far enough ahead of the rest of the platoon to detect and/or engage any enemy before the enemy observes or fires on the main body; however, the lead body must also remain close enough that they can be supported by small arms fire.

24

When is the Bounding Overwatch movement technique applied? Why?

When enemy contact is expected; gives the moving unit the ability to protect a bounding element by immediately suppressing an enemy force.

25

What are the two bounding methods?

Alternate and successive bounding

26

Describe alternate bounding.

Leap-frog type bounding

27

Describe successive bounding.

Element A bounds, then Element B bounds to get on line with Element A.

28

Describe three platoon movement formations.

Platoon Column, Squads in Column; Platoon Line, Squads in Line; Platoon Line, Squads in Column; Platoon Vee, Squads in Wedge; Platoon Wedge, Squads in Wedge; Platoon File

29

Describe the fundamentals of tactical movement.

Make enemy contact with the smallest element possible
Rapidly develop combat power upon enemy contact
Provie all around security for the element
Support higher unit's concept
Report all information rapidly and accurately
Strive to gain and maintain contact with the enemy
Decentralize execution
Leadership selects the appropriate movement formation based on likelihood of enemy contact
If enemy contact is made, maintain contact with the enemy until ordered otherwise

30

What is a battle drill?

A collective action, rapidly executed, without a deliberate decision making process

31

Why do we practice battle drills?

They provide an automatic response to contact situations where immediate, often violent execution is critical, both to initial survival and ultimate success in combat

32

For a squad sized element, describe the React to Contact battle drill for the Squad Leader, the Alfa Team Leader, and the Bravo Team Leader. Assume the Alfa team has taken the initial contact.

Describe it

33

For a squad sized element, describe the Squad Attack battle drill for the Squad Leader, the Alfa Team Leader, and the Bravo Team Leader. Assume the Alfa team has taken the initial contact.

Describe it

34

For a squad sized element, describe the Break Contact battle drill for the Squad Leader, the Alfa Team Leader, and the Bravo Team Leader. Assume the Alfa team has taken the initial contact.

Describe it

35

What is the function of a combat patrol?

Provides security and either harasses, destroys, or captures enemy troops, equipment, or installations

36

What is the intent of a combat patrol?

To make contact with the enemy and engage him/her in close combat

37

What are the three types of combat patrols?

Ambush, raid, security

38

What is an ambush?

A surprise attack from a concealed position on a moving or temporarily halted target

39

Why are ambushed conducted?

To reduce an enemy's overall combat effectiveness and destroy his/her center of gravity

40

(T/F)In an ambush, the ground objective must be held.

FALSE

41

What are the three fundamental principles of a successful ambush?

Speed and Surprise
Coordinated fires
Control

42

Into how many groups are ambushes CATEGORIZED? What are they?

Two; Hasty and deliberate

43

What are the two TYPES of ambushes?

Point and area

44

What are the general formations of an ambush?

L-shaped; V-shaped; X-shaped; and Z-shaped

45

Describe the elements of an ideal ambush site.

Generally flat table-top like surface of 30-50 meters
Has natural left, right, and center target reference points too coordinate fires
No obstacles from the assault line to the Limit of Advance
Claymore trees at least 18" in diameter 16 meters away from assault line
Clear fields of fire
Suitable support-by-fire and assault line positions
Support position can achieve enfilading fire and cover 100% of Kill Zone
Assault element has suitable cover and concealment for the entire element
3-5 meters between each assaulter in the assault element
No deadspace in the Kill Zone
Suitable positions on either side of Kill Zone for security elements
Security positions of at least 100m from Kill Zone to provide for adequate early warning and back blast area for AT4

46

What is the purpose of the security elements in an ambush?

To provide early warning and seal off the Kill Zone after initiation

47

Describe the acronym EWAC. When is the EWAC issued?

Engagement Criteria
Withdrawl Criteria
Abort Criteria
Compromise (soft and hard) courses of action;
Issued to security elements before they are set in place

48

For the ambush line, what is the acronym SPARC and what is it used for?

Sectors of fire
Priority of targets
Assault lane
Rate of fire
Conceal position;
It is used by leadership to ensure all soldiers on the support and assault line have their respective tasks issued to them

49

Describe the Alfa Team Leader's role, step-by-step, during the "Action's On" portion of the ambush.

This is long, but do it step-by-step

50

Describe the acronym ATAR-C and what it is used for.

Aim
Tie
Arm
Re-aim
Cover;
Placement of an M18 claymore

51

What are the four fundamentals of a raid?

Speed and Surprise
Coordinated fires
Violence of Action
Planned Withdrawl

52

In general, what is the maximum time a patrol base should be occupied?

24 hours

53

For what purpose are patrol bases used?

Avoid detection by eliminating movement
Hide during a long recce
To perform weapons maintenance
To Eat
To Rest
To plan and issue orders
To reorganize after infiltrating enemy area
To establish a base from which to execute consecuative or concurrent operations

54

What are the criteria for an ideal patrol base site?

Cover and Concealment
Off natural lines of drift
Out of sight, sound, and small arms range of objective
Large enough to accomodate entire patrol
Can be easily defended
Near a source of water
Tough terrain that impedes movement
Avoid enemey positions
Avoid built up areas
Avoid ridges, hilltops
Avoid valleys
Avoid roads and trails

55

What are the Troop Leading Procedures?

Receive the Mission
Issue the WARNO
Make a tentative plan
Start movement
Recce
Complete the plan
Issue complete order
Supervise

56

What are the 5 paragraphs of the OPORDER

Situation
Mission
Execution
Sustainment
Command and Control

57

What does OCOKA stand for?

Observations and Fields of fire
Cover and Concealment
Obstacles
Key Terrain
Avenues of Approach

58

What are the four fundamentals of a reconnaissance?

Gain all information required
Avoid detection
Task Organize
Employ security measures

59

What is the acronym used to report all gathered PIR?

Size
Activity
Location
Uniform/Unit
Time
Equipment

60

What is ACE?

Ammo
Casualties
Equipment

61

What are the 5 Ss and a T?

Search
Silence
Segregate
Safeguard
Speed to the rear
Tag

62

What are the 5 Cs?

Confirm
Clear
Call
Cordon
Control

63

9-Line MEDEVAC

1 Location
2 Freqs/call sign
3 Number by precedence
4 Special Equipment
5 Number by type
6 Security
7 Marking
8 Nationality
9 NBC

64

What are the three types of Recons?

Route
Zone
Area