Flashcards in SUT Study Questions Deck (64):
What are the two categories of patrols?
Combat and Reconnaissance
What are the five principles of patrolling?
Planning; Reconnaissance; Security; Control; Common Sense
Explain the difference between movement and maneuver.
Tactical movement is the positioning of units on the battlefield in preparation for combat. Movement ends when ground combat is made or the unit reaches its destination;
Maneuver is movement supported by fire to gain a position of advantage over the enemy
What are the nine principles of tactical movement?
Always have 360-degree security
Maintain unit cohesion - platoon, squad, & team integrity
Maintain visual contact/communication
Screen movement with covered and/or concealed routes
Maintain noise and light discipline
Make contact with the smallest element forward
Choose movement formation/technique based on METT-TC
Good route selection that best facilitates mission requirements
Maintaining proper dispersion between all elements
Fire teams, squads, and platoons use various formations. Where does the leader always position him/herself within ANY formation?
Where they can best command and control the formation
Complete this statement about patrol FORMATIONS:
"Each formation aids ________________, ______________, and _____________ to varying degrees. Leaders use formations for _______________, _________________, and __________________."
control; security; firepower; control; flexibility; security
Draw and label the positions of a Fire Team Wedge.
Draw and label the positions of a Fire Team File.
Draw and label the positions of a Fire Team Line.
Draw and label the positions of a Diamond formation.
Draw and label the positions of a Squad Column.
Draw and label the positions of a Squad File.
Draw and label the positions of a Squad Line.
What is incorrect about this statement:
"Movement techniques are fixed formations."
Movement techniques are neither fixed nor are they formations
What two general principles are used in considering a movement technique?
Likelihood of enemy contact and relative need for speed
Name four specific battlefield factors to consider when deciding on a movement technique.
likelihood of enemy contact, type of contact expected, availability of an overwatch element, terrain through which the element is moving, balance of degrees of speed need vs security during the movement
What are the the types of movement techniques?
traveling; traveling overwatch, and bounding overwatch
Which movement technique best facilitates speed? What is the most significant tradeoff for speed in this type of movement technique? Given the tradeoff, when would you choose to use this movement technique?
Traveling; Security; May be used when enemy contact is unlikely and speed is important
Traveling Overwatch is an extended form of Traveling, but it provides what? When would you choose to use this movement technique?
Additional security; When speed is desireable but contact is possible
In Traveling with a squad sized element, what is the dispersion between men and between Fire Teams?
10 meters between men; 20 meters between Fire Teams
In Traveling Overwatch with a squad sized element, what is the dispersion between men and between Fire Teams?
20 meters between men; 50 meters between Fire Teams
When moving with a platoon sized element, which squad should typically use traveling overwatch?
Typically, only the lead squad; however, if desired all squads may use it
When moving with a platoon sized element, how far ahead should the lead element be in front of the rest of the platoon? Why?
Between 50-100 meters, depending on terrain, vegetation, light and weather conditions; The lead squad must be far enough ahead of the rest of the platoon to detect and/or engage any enemy before the enemy observes or fires on the main body; however, the lead body must also remain close enough that they can be supported by small arms fire.
When is the Bounding Overwatch movement technique applied? Why?
When enemy contact is expected; gives the moving unit the ability to protect a bounding element by immediately suppressing an enemy force.
What are the two bounding methods?
Alternate and successive bounding
Describe alternate bounding.
Leap-frog type bounding
Describe successive bounding.
Element A bounds, then Element B bounds to get on line with Element A.
Describe three platoon movement formations.
Platoon Column, Squads in Column; Platoon Line, Squads in Line; Platoon Line, Squads in Column; Platoon Vee, Squads in Wedge; Platoon Wedge, Squads in Wedge; Platoon File
Describe the fundamentals of tactical movement.
Make enemy contact with the smallest element possible
Rapidly develop combat power upon enemy contact
Provie all around security for the element
Support higher unit's concept
Report all information rapidly and accurately
Strive to gain and maintain contact with the enemy
Leadership selects the appropriate movement formation based on likelihood of enemy contact
If enemy contact is made, maintain contact with the enemy until ordered otherwise
What is a battle drill?
A collective action, rapidly executed, without a deliberate decision making process
Why do we practice battle drills?
They provide an automatic response to contact situations where immediate, often violent execution is critical, both to initial survival and ultimate success in combat
For a squad sized element, describe the React to Contact battle drill for the Squad Leader, the Alfa Team Leader, and the Bravo Team Leader. Assume the Alfa team has taken the initial contact.
For a squad sized element, describe the Squad Attack battle drill for the Squad Leader, the Alfa Team Leader, and the Bravo Team Leader. Assume the Alfa team has taken the initial contact.
For a squad sized element, describe the Break Contact battle drill for the Squad Leader, the Alfa Team Leader, and the Bravo Team Leader. Assume the Alfa team has taken the initial contact.
What is the function of a combat patrol?
Provides security and either harasses, destroys, or captures enemy troops, equipment, or installations
What is the intent of a combat patrol?
To make contact with the enemy and engage him/her in close combat
What are the three types of combat patrols?
Ambush, raid, security
What is an ambush?
A surprise attack from a concealed position on a moving or temporarily halted target
Why are ambushed conducted?
To reduce an enemy's overall combat effectiveness and destroy his/her center of gravity
(T/F)In an ambush, the ground objective must be held.
What are the three fundamental principles of a successful ambush?
Speed and Surprise
Into how many groups are ambushes CATEGORIZED? What are they?
Two; Hasty and deliberate
What are the two TYPES of ambushes?
Point and area
What are the general formations of an ambush?
L-shaped; V-shaped; X-shaped; and Z-shaped
Describe the elements of an ideal ambush site.
Generally flat table-top like surface of 30-50 meters
Has natural left, right, and center target reference points too coordinate fires
No obstacles from the assault line to the Limit of Advance
Claymore trees at least 18" in diameter 16 meters away from assault line
Clear fields of fire
Suitable support-by-fire and assault line positions
Support position can achieve enfilading fire and cover 100% of Kill Zone
Assault element has suitable cover and concealment for the entire element
3-5 meters between each assaulter in the assault element
No deadspace in the Kill Zone
Suitable positions on either side of Kill Zone for security elements
Security positions of at least 100m from Kill Zone to provide for adequate early warning and back blast area for AT4
What is the purpose of the security elements in an ambush?
To provide early warning and seal off the Kill Zone after initiation
Describe the acronym EWAC. When is the EWAC issued?
Compromise (soft and hard) courses of action;
Issued to security elements before they are set in place
For the ambush line, what is the acronym SPARC and what is it used for?
Sectors of fire
Priority of targets
Rate of fire
It is used by leadership to ensure all soldiers on the support and assault line have their respective tasks issued to them
Describe the Alfa Team Leader's role, step-by-step, during the "Action's On" portion of the ambush.
This is long, but do it step-by-step
Describe the acronym ATAR-C and what it is used for.
Placement of an M18 claymore
What are the four fundamentals of a raid?
Speed and Surprise
Violence of Action
In general, what is the maximum time a patrol base should be occupied?
For what purpose are patrol bases used?
Avoid detection by eliminating movement
Hide during a long recce
To perform weapons maintenance
To plan and issue orders
To reorganize after infiltrating enemy area
To establish a base from which to execute consecuative or concurrent operations
What are the criteria for an ideal patrol base site?
Cover and Concealment
Off natural lines of drift
Out of sight, sound, and small arms range of objective
Large enough to accomodate entire patrol
Can be easily defended
Near a source of water
Tough terrain that impedes movement
Avoid enemey positions
Avoid built up areas
Avoid ridges, hilltops
Avoid roads and trails
What are the Troop Leading Procedures?
Receive the Mission
Issue the WARNO
Make a tentative plan
Complete the plan
Issue complete order
What are the 5 paragraphs of the OPORDER
Command and Control
What does OCOKA stand for?
Observations and Fields of fire
Cover and Concealment
Avenues of Approach
What are the four fundamentals of a reconnaissance?
Gain all information required
Employ security measures
What is the acronym used to report all gathered PIR?
What is ACE?
What are the 5 Ss and a T?
Speed to the rear
What are the 5 Cs?
2 Freqs/call sign
3 Number by precedence
4 Special Equipment
5 Number by type