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Flashcards in Symposium - History taking Deck (46)
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1

Components of history taking within Psychiatry?

NAME

ADDRESS

AGE

GP

STATUS Informal/formal

PRESENTING COMPLAINT

HISTORY OF PRESENTING COMPLAINT

MEDICATION AND ALLERGIES

PREVIOUS PSYCHIATRIC HISTORY

PREVIOUS MEDICAL HISTORY

FAMILY MEDICAL AND PSYCHIATRIC HISTORY

PERSONAL HISTORY

SOCIAL HISTORY

DRUGS AND ALCHOL

FORENSIC HISTORY

MENTAL STATE EXAMINATION

2

Components of mental state examination?

1) Appearance & Behaviour

2) Mood
- Subjective,
- Objective & Affect

3) Speech

4) Thought-form

4) Thought-content (delusions)

5) Abnormal Perceptions

6) Thoughts of self harm

7) Suicidal and homicidal ideation

8) Insight

9) Cognition

10) Risk assessment

3

Components of history taking within Psychiatry - Personal history?

PERSONAL HISTORY
- Early development
- Childhood experiences
- Educational attainment
- Occupational history
- Relationship and marital history-children
- Sexual history

4

Components of history taking within Psychiatry - Social history?

SOCIAL HISTORY

Current social circumstances, accommodation, work, who lives with them, financial support, family/friends, interests and activities.

5

Components of history taking within Psychiatry - drugs and alcohol?

DRUGS AND ALCHOL

Current and past use of alcohol / drugs.

Types, quantity, duration, whether this has led to any problems with withdrawal / dependence.

6

Components of history taking within Psychiatry - previous medical history?

Record all illnesses that have required medical attention, operations and hospital admissions.

Particular interest in head injuries, birth trauma and epilepsy.

7

Components of history taking within Psychiatry - previous psychiatric history?

Record previous episodes of illness, their treatment, and duration.

Especially comment on any episodes requiring the use of the Mental Health Act.

8

Components of history taking within Psychiatry - Forensic history?

Record instances of contact with the police / criminal justice services leading to a charge or conviction.

State the charge / conviction and the outcome.

Also record any contact with forensic psychiatry.

9

Components of history taking within Psychiatry - pre morbid personality?

Information of patient’s character prior to the illness.

10

Exploring psychotic symptoms?

“Have you seen or heard anything that other people have not been aware of?”

“Have you heard any people talking when there was nobody around?”

What do they think is causing them?

Does it seem possible?

Beware commands

“Has anything particular been playing on your mind?”

“Do you know why is this happening?”

“Have you noticed any change in your thoughts?”

“Has anyone interfered with your thoughts?”

“Does anyone else have access to your thoughts?”

11

Which screening questionnaire is used with alcohol use?

CAGE questionnaire

12

Question to get an idea of pre-morbid personality?

“How would your best friend describe you as a person?”

13

Mental state examination - appearance?

Height/Build

Clothing - appropriate/inappropriate, kempt, bizarre

Personal hygiene - clean/unshaven/malodorous

Make up, jewellery, accessories

14

Mental state examination - behaviour?

Greeting

Non verbal cues

Gesturing - normal, expansive, bizarre

Abnormal movements -
tremor, choreioathetoid movements, posturing, akathisia

Cooperative, rapport

15

Mental state examination - mood?

Eye contact

Affect – objective manifestation of mood at i/v

Mood rating – subj & obj; rate out of 10;

Psychomotor function - retarded, agitated

16

Mental state examination - speech?

Spontaneity

Volume - loud, quiet, poverty

Rate - pressured, slowed

Rhythm - rhyming and punning

Tone - monotonous, lilting

Dysarthria

Dysphasia - expressive/receptive

17

Mental state examination - abnormal thoughts?

Close relationship to speech - external manifestation of thoughts

Phobias

Obsessions

Flight of ideas

Formal thought disorder – broadcast, echo, insertion, block, withdrawal

Knight’s move, derailment, loosening

18

Mental state examination - abnormal beliefs?

Preoccupations

Over valued ideas

Delusional beliefs - fixed, false belief out of cultural context; extraordinary conviction

19

Mental state examination - abnormal perceptions?

Illusions

Hallucinations – pseudo, true

Many domains - auditory, visual, somatic/tactile, olfactory & gustatory

Specific types may be associated with certain conditions eg complex visual hallucinations in DLB

20

Mental state examination - Suicide/homicide risk?

Must always ask about suicidal thoughts

Ideation

Intent

Plans - vague, detailed, specific, already in motion

Also homicidal risk

21

Mental state examination - Cognition?

Orientation - time, place, person

Attention/concentration - throughout i/v

Short term memory - 3 objects; name & address

Long term memory - personal history

If any concerns - perform objective tests eg MSQ, MMSE, MOCA, FAS, Clock drawing, executive function tests

22

Mental state examination - insight?

Best seen as spectrum

Very rarely 100% present/absent

Varies over time/illness

3 questions –
1) Are symptoms due to illness?
2) Is this a mental illness?
3) Do they agree with treatment/Mx plan?

23

What is psychopathology?

Psychopathology is concerned with abnormal experience, cognition and behaviour.

24

What is phenomenology?

Phenomenology in psychiatry refers to the observation and understanding of the psychological event or phenomenon so that the observer can as far as possible know what the patient’s experience feels like.

25

Congruity of affect ?

Congruity of affect i.e. observation of congruity to themes; may be grossly incongruous in schizophrenia.

26

Blunted affect?

“blunted affect” almost pathognomic of schizophrenia. “Loss of social grace”

27

Type of affect?

anxiety, anger, euphoria etc

28

Range and reactivity of affect?

Range from flattened to labile. Record reactivity to themes.

29

Thinking; May be organised into 4 sections for consideration?

Speed and tempo of thoughts

Types of thoughts demonstrated

Linkage and thought form

Possession of thoughts

30

Examples of delusions?

Grandiose

Paranoid (correctly persecutory)

Hypochondriacal

Self referential